小目

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小目圍棋棋盤第三線第四線的交叉點,一個角落有兩個,整個棋盤中共有八個位置稱作小目。(如以棋盤左上角作(1,1)算起,這八個點的座標位置分別是(3,4)(4,3)(3,16)(4,17)(16,3)(16,17)(17,4)(17,16))

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小目因為兼具第三線的重視實利以及第四線重視外勢的兩個優點,因此成為圍棋開局佔角時經常下的位置。在19世紀及以前的日本圍棋比賽中,因較重視實利,因此大多數的開局都是以佔小目開局,(當時的中國圍棋規則是採用星位座子,因此不可能先佔小目)尤其秀策流布局,更是以執黑先下時,連佔三個角的小目而著名。

20世紀上半葉,受新布局觀念的影響,大家開始較為重視外勢,因此佔角時下在星位,甚至目外高目的情形變多。根據統計,近年來的棋賽中,先佔星位和小目的比例大致相當。

雖然小目和星位在現代圍棋中同樣受到重視,但星位因為左右對稱,因此佔角、掛角之後的變化較為簡單,而小目的變化較為複雜,也因此現今所有的定式中,小目定式的數量最為龐大而複雜。