長毛犰狳

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長毛犰狳
Chaetophractus vellerosus3.jpg
保护状况
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
演化支: 哺乳形类 Mammaliaformes
纲: 哺乳纲 Mammaliam
亚纲: 兽亚纲 Theria
下纲: 真兽下纲 Eutheria
演化支: 胎盘类 Placentalia
演化支: 外非洲胎盘类 Exafroplacentalia
總目: 异关节总目 Xenarthra
目: 有甲目 Cingulata
科: 倭犰狳科 Chlamyphoridae
亚科: 六帶犰狳亞科 Euphractinae
属: 毛犰狳屬 Chaetophractus
种: 長毛犰狳 C. vellerosus
二名法
Chaetophractus vellerosus
(Gray, 1865)
Screaming Hairy Armadillo area.png
長毛犰狳的分佈

長毛犰狳(學名:Chaetophractus vellerosus)是一種犰狳[2][3]南美洲的中部及南部生活,慣於挖地洞,受驚時會發出尖叫聲。[1][3]

本物種有兩個亞種,分別是[4]

  • Subspecies Chaetophractus vellerosus pannosus (Thomas, 1902)
  • Subspecies Chaetophractus vellerosus vellerosus (Gray, 1865):指名亞種。

2015年一項研究發現本物種的指名亞種跟密毛犰狳除了在體型上有些微差異,無論是形態學上從兩者的頭骨比較還是遺傳學上都無法分辨兩者[1][5][6][7]。 因此,密毛犰狳很可能只是長毛犰狳的指名亞種的異名,而整個毛犰狳属亦很可能是一個多系群[6][7]IUCN目前已刪了密毛犰狳的紀錄[5]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Abba, A.M.; Superina, M. Chaetophractus vellerosus. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014.3版. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2009 [2010-10-31]. 
  2. ^ Luaces, JP; Ciuccio M; Rossi LF; Faletti AG; Cetica PD; Casanave EB; Merani MS. Seasonal changes in ovarian steroid hormone concentrations in the large hairy armadillo (Chaetophractus villosus) and the crying armadillo (Chaetophractus vellerosus). Theriogenology. 2011, 75 (5): 796–802. PMID 21247625. doi:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2010.09.029. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Eisenberg, John Frederick; Redford, Kent Hubbard. Mammals of the Neotropics: The central neotropics: Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil illustrated. University of Chicago Press. 1999: 101 [19 May 2011]. ISBN 978-0-226-19542-1. 
  4. ^ Chaetophractus vellerosus. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (英语). 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 {{subst:IUCN2008 | assessors = Abba, A., Gomez, H. & Members of the IUCN SSC Edentate Specialist Group | year = 2008 | id = 4367 | title = Chaetophractus nationi | downloaded=2008-12-30 |archive-url=http://web.archive.org/web/20160417071218/http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/4367/0 |archive-date=2016-04-17 }}
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Abba, Agustín M.; Cassini, Guillermo H.; Valverde, Guido; Tilak, Marie-Ka; Vizcaíno, Sergio F.; Superina, Mariella; Delsuc, Frédéric. Systematics of hairy armadillos and the taxonomic status of the Andean hairy armadillo (Chaetophractus nationi). Journal of Mammalogy. 2015-08-03, 96 (4): 673–689. ISSN 0022-2372. doi:10.1093/jmammal/gyv082. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Gibb, Gillian C.; Condamine, Fabien L.; Kuch, Melanie; Enk, Jacob; Moraes-Barros, Nadia; Superina, Mariella; Poinar, Hendrik N.; Delsuc, Frédéric. Shotgun Mitogenomics Provides a Reference Phylogenetic Framework and Timescale for Living Xenarthrans. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 2016-03-01, 33 (3): 621–642. ISSN 0737-4038. doi:10.1093/molbev/msv250. 

外部連結[编辑]