雙態性真菌

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雙態性真菌可存在黴菌/菌絲/絲狀形式[1]酵母形式的真菌。一個例子就是馬爾尼菲青黴菌:[2]

  • 室溫下,它作為一個黴菌生長。
  • 體溫下,它作為一個酵母生長。

一些物種是潛在的病原體,包括粗球孢子菌英语Coccidioides immitis[3]巴西副球孢子菌屬英语Paracoccidioides brasiliensis[3]白念珠菌英语Candida albicans[4]玉米黑粉菌Ustilago maydis),[4]皮炎芽生菌Blastomyces),組織胞漿菌(Histoplasma),申克氏孢子絲菌Sporothrix schenckii),和Emmonsia sp.。[5]

參看[编辑]

參考[编辑]

  1. ^ Fungi. [2009-06-06]. 
  2. ^ Chandler JM, Treece ER, Trenary HR, et al. Protein profiling of the dimorphic, pathogenic fungus, Penicillium marneffei. Proteome Sci. 2008, 6 (1): 17. doi:10.1186/1477-5956-6-17. PMC 2478645. PMID 18533041. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Dimorphic Fungi. [2007-08-19]. 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Sánchez-martínez, Cristina; Pérez-martín, José. Dimorphism in fungal pathogens: Candida albicans and Ustilago maydis—similar inputs, different outputs. Current Opinion in Microbiology. 2001, 4 (2): 214–221. doi:10.1016/S1369-5274(00)00191-0. PMID 11282479. 
  5. ^ Kenyon, M.D., Ph.D., Chris; Kim Bonorchis, M.Med., Craig Corcoran, F.C.Path., Graeme Meintjes, M.D., Ph.D., Michael Locketz, M.Med.Path., Rannakoe Lehloenya, F.C.Derm., Hester F. Vismer, Ph.D., Preneshni Naicker, M.D., Hans Prozesky, M.Med., Marelize van Wyk, Ph.D., Colleen Bamford, M.Med., Moira du Plooy, Gail Imrie, Sipho Dlamini, M.D., Andrew M. Borman, Ph.D., Robert Colebunders, M.D., Ph.D., Cedric P. Yansouni, M.D., Marc Mendelson, M.D., Ph.D., and Nelesh P. Govender, M.D. A Dimorphic Fungus Causing Disseminated Infection in South Africa. The New England Journal of Medicine. October 10, 2013, (N Engl J Med 2013; 369:1416-1424) [October 10, 2013]. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1215460.