Template:Infobox disease

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分类和外部资源
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Use this template freely for any medical condition that has an ICD code, OMIM entry, MeSH, GeneReviews ID, or other source that you think readers will benefit from seeing. Its use is not limited strictly to diseases.

Usage summary[编辑]

The template does not at the current time include summary information about the condition itself. Instead, it contains a consistent interface to other sources that provide information about the condition. Don't worry about trying to fill in all the fields -- even if you can only get one or two, that can still be useful.

While editing a condition, copy and paste the following text at the top of the page:


Infobox disease
分类和外部资源
ICD-10 Xxx.x
ICD-9-CM xxx
{{Infobox disease
| name            = {{subst:PAGENAME}}
| image           = 
| alt             = 
| caption         = 
| pronounce       =
| field           = 
| DiseasesDB      = 
| ICD10           = {{ICD10|Xxx.x}}
| ICD9            = {{ICD9|xxx}}
| ICDO            = 
| OMIM            = 
| MedlinePlus     = 
| MeSH            = 
| GeneReviewsNBK  = 
| GeneReviewsName = 
}}

The best place to start is often the Diseases Database searching at DiseasesDB. Click on that link, and type in the name of the condition (for example, "Earache".) Click on the result you were looking for. At this point, you will see on your URL line something like "http://www.diseasesdatabase.com/ddb18027.htm". You can copy the number (in this case, "18027" onto the "DiseasesDB" line in the template, so it looks like this:

| DiseasesDB     = 18027

You will see a label that reads "Code translations and terms via UMLS.". Click on this link. The goal is to find the ICD9 and ICD10 codes. In this case, you can see "388.7" next to "ICD-9-CM, 2006" and "H92.0" next to "German translation of ICD10, 1995". Fill in these two fields:

| ICD10          = {{ICD10|H92.0}}
| ICD9           = {{ICD9|388.7}}

You may find multiple codes listed. In this case, just fill them out as follows:

| ICD10          = {{ICD10|A11}}, {{ICD10|B22}}
| ICD9           = {{ICD9|123}}, {{ICD9|456}}

In some cases, only one of the codes would apply to the current condition, but you may not always be able to determine which is which. Be bold, and do your best.

In most cases you can skip over the "ICD-O" field, because that only applies to conditions that cause tumors. DiseasesDB does not provide these codes, but there are some resources listed for finding them at ICD-O.

The final two fields are for OMIM and MedlinePlus. It's perfectly fine to leave these blank, but if you want to fill them out, you can sometimes find the pages by clicking on "specific web sites" in DiseaseDatabase. Alternatively use the following links to directly search OMIM and MedlinePlus.

Don't enter the full URL as this template's parameters, just the number at the end.

It is a little trickier to fill out the infobox if you can't find it listed in DiseaseDatabase. However, you can look up the codes individually if you would like. A good source for ICD9 codes is here, and a good source for ICD10 codes is here. Many more sources for ICD codes are listed at International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. You can look up OMIM codes here.

Images[编辑]

You can use the |image=, |alt= and |caption= to provide an illustration. These fields are optional, but it is helpful to provide an image if you can find one. The alt field specifies alt text, for readers who cannot see the image; see WP:ALT. Of course most images on the internet are copyrighted, but you may be able to find an image already in Wikipedia on a related page. There are over a thousand free images of anatomical structures available at List of images and subjects in Gray's Anatomy. You could use one of these directly, or if you were feeling ambitious you could load one into a paint program on your computer, and annotate it with a couple of arrows to illustrate the point. Or just open PowerPoint and spend a few minutes drawing a few circles. It doesn't have to be very fancy to be an improvement on having no image at all. But if you do create a new image, remember to upload it at Wikimedia, not at Wikipedia, so that it easier to share images across languages.

There is also an optional |width= parameter you can add for the image. If your picture is far too big, then add a new line and specify a custom width like this:

| image          = mypicture.png
| alt            = A man's neck and shoulders, covered with giant green spots.
| caption        = The picture above illustrates a severe case of this condition.
| width          = 325

When no |width= parameter is specified, it defaults to a width of 190px.

Multiple-value fields[编辑]

Sometimes you will find a condition with more than one entry for OMIM, MedlinePlus, or DiseaseDatabase. There are optional "_mult" fields that allow additional parameters to be passed in, with "helper templates" {{DiseasesDB2}}, {{OMIM2}}, and {{MedlinePlus2}} that can be used to form the links.

Note that the "_mult" field should be used in addition to the normal field. The following illustrates the field names and the helper templates.

| DiseasesDB      = number1
| DiseasesDB_mult  = {{DiseasesDB2|number2}} ...
| OMIM            = number1
| OMIM_mult        = {{OMIM2|number2}} ...
| MedlinePlus     = number1
| MedlinePlus_mult = {{MedlinePlus2|number2}} ...

Multiple MeSH values and multiple GeneReviews are handled differently. If there are multiple MeSH fields, just label each consecutive one MeSH2, MeSH3, etc. Likewise, use GeneReviewsNBK2, GeneReviewsName2, GeneReviewsNBK3, GeneReviewsName3, etc., for additional GeneReviews links.

An example of how this is used at is provided below (the values are mostly contrived).


Infobox disease
分类和外部资源
ICD-10 G71.2
ICD-9-CM 359.0
OMIM 161800 256030 605355
DiseasesDB 31991 33448 33447
MeSH D001321D015518D015518
GeneReviews
{{Infobox disease
| Name            = {{subst:PAGENAME}}
| Image           = 
| Alt             = 
| Caption         =
| pronounce       =
| Field           = 
| DiseasesDB      = 31991
| DiseasesDB_mult = {{DiseasesDB2|33448}} {{DiseasesDB2|33447}}
| ICD10           = {{ICD10|G71.2}}
| ICD9            = {{ICD9|359.0}}
| ICDO            = 
| OMIM            = 161800
| OMIM_mult       = {{OMIM2|256030}} {{OMIM2|605355}}
| MedlinePlus     = 
| MedlinePlus_mult=
| MeSH             = D001321
| MeSH2            = D015518
| MeSH3            = D015518
| GeneReviewsNBK   = NBK5201
| GeneReviewsName  = FBLN5-Related Cutis Laxa
| GeneReviewsNBK2  = NBK5200
| GeneReviewsName2 = ATP6V0A2-Related CL
}}

Don't worry about getting all the fields -- just do your best, and if you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to ask at Template talk:Infobox disease.

MeSH[编辑]

The Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), formerly known as the Supplement to Index medicus, is a controlled vocabulary managed by the National Library of Medicine. To find the MeSH code for a disease, go to the MeSH search page and enter the term into the search box. The needed MeSH number is the Unique ID in the MeSH Descriptor Page.

If more than one MeSH topic applies to a given condition (as, for example, in Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer) you can add additional values in a list, as described above.

GeneReviews[编辑]

GeneReviews is an online collection of peer-reviewed articles that describe specific gene-related diseases. To use it, go to its home page on NCBI and in the search box, enter the disease name to see if there is a relevant gene review for this disease. For example, searching for "autism", the first hit is "Autism Spectrum Disorders", at the URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1442/. Note the "NBK" number, which is the ID number of this review. It can be coded as follows:


Infobox disease
分类和外部资源
GeneReviews
{{Infobox disease
| GeneReviewsNBK  = NBK1442
| GeneReviewsName = Autism Spectrum Disorders
}}

If the condition has more than one relevant GeneReview, then you can enter these as shown in the example above, under "Multiple value fields".

Orphanet[编辑]

Template:Infobox medical condition Orphanet is a major database for rare diseases. While each rare disease only affects a small population, the diseases as a group are a major cause of concern. Due to the heterogenicity of the diseases they get less press than larger diseases. Orphanet tries to centralize all the information and links that exist on a disease.

Add a link by using the Orphanet number (without ORPHA-prefix) and it will link to the English entry on their page. For an example see right.

Template data[编辑]

A template for any medical condition defined in the ICD or any of several other indexes

模板参数
参数 说明 类型 状态
Name Name

Name of the condition, usually should match title of article

默认值
例子
自动值
string 必填
Image Image

An illustrative image file, if any is available

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
Alt text Alt

Text to replace image for readers who cannot view it

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
Image caption Caption

Description of the image

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
Width Width

Width of the image in pixels

默认值
例子
自动值
number 可选
Specialty Field

Medical specialty that treats the disease

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
DiseasesDB DiseasesDB

Index number in the Diseases Database; only one number permitted here

默认值
例子
自动值
number 可选
Additional DiseasesDB DiseasesDB_mult

Additional entries; enter as many as needed

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
ICD10 code ICD10

Index number in ICD10. Multiple codes are permitted.

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
ICD9 code ICD9

Index number in ICD9. Multiple codes are permitted.

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
ICD-O code ICD0

Used only for conditions that cause tumors

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
OMIM code OMIM

Code in Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man database; only one permitted here

默认值
例子
自动值
number 可选
Additonal OMIM codes OMIM_mult

Additional codes if any, use as many as needed

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
MedlinePlus index MedlinePlus

Index in MedlinePlus database; only one number permitted here

默认值
例子
自动值
number 可选
Additonal MedlinePlus indices MedlinePlus_multi

Additional entries, use as many numbers as needed

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
MeSH heading MeSH

Index for condition in the Medical Subject Headings database

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
MeSH heading 2 MeSH2

Second MeSH index

默认值
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自动值
string 可选
MeSH heading 3 MeSH3

Third MeSH index

默认值
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自动值
string 可选
MeSH heading 4 MeSH4

Fourth MeSH index

默认值
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自动值
string 可选
MeSH heading 5 MeSH5

Fifth MeSH index

默认值
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自动值
string 可选
MeSH heading 6 MeSH6

Sixth MeSH index

默认值
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自动值
string 可选
MeSH heading 7 MeSH7

Seventh MeSH index

默认值
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自动值
string 可选
MeSH heading 8 MeSH8

Eighth MeSH index

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
MeSH heading 9 MeSH9

Ninth MeSH index

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
GeneReviews index GeneReviewsNBK

Index for most relevant article in the GeneReviews database

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
GeneReviews name GeneReviewsName

Name of most relevant article in the GeneReviews database

默认值
例子
自动值
string 必填
GeneReviews index 2 GeneReviewsNBK2

Second GeneReviews index

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
GeneReviews name 2 GeneReviewsName2

Second GeneReviews name

默认值
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自动值
string 必填
GeneReviews index 3 GeneReviewsNBK3

Third GeneReviews index

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
GeneReviews name 3 GeneReviewsName3

Third GeneReviews name

默认值
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自动值
string 必填
GeneReviews index 4 GeneReviewsNBK4

Fourth GeneReviews index

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
GeneReviews name 4 GeneReviewsName4

Fourth GeneReviews name

默认值
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自动值
string 必填
GeneReviews index 5 GeneReviewsNBK5

Fifth GeneReviews index

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
GeneReviews name 5 GeneReviewsName5

Fifth GeneReviews name

默认值
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自动值
string 必填
GeneReviews index 6 GeneReviewsNBK6

Sixth GeneReviews index

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
GeneReviews name 6 GeneReviewsName6

Sixth GeneReviews name

默认值
例子
自动值
string 必填
GeneReviews index 7 GeneReviewsNBK7

Seventh GeneReviews index

默认值
例子
自动值
string 可选
GeneReviews name 7 GeneReviewsName7

Seventh GeneReviews name

默认值
例子
自动值
string 必填