火星山脉高度列表

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这是火星山脉的列表,高度以海平面为标准。火星的海平面的基准是根据火星的平均气压以及半径确定的。高度并不是指相对于周边地区的高度。

  • A Mons (plural montes) is a term used in astrogeology to name extraterrestrial mountains and may or may not be of volcanic origin.
  • A Patera refers to the dish-shaped depression atop a volcano that is not very high compared to its diameter.
  • In planetary geology, a Tholus (pl. tholi) is the term used to describe a small domical mountain or hill.
  • Listed Mons elevation is the highest point (at 16 pixels/degree) within the feature.
  • Listed Patera elevation is the average elevation of the shallow dish-shaped depression (the actual 'patera') at the summit.

地球以及其他行星上比较极端的高度也被列出,以作比较。高度均已海平面为标准。

名称 高度 () 高度 (英尺)
奧林帕斯山 (火星) 21,171 69,459
艾斯克雷爾斯山 18,209 59,741
阿爾西亞山 17,779 58,330
帕弗尼斯山 14,037 46,939
埃律西昂山 13,862 45,479
麦克斯韦山脉 (金星的最高山脉) 11,000 36,000
冒纳凯阿火山 (从水下至山顶的高度,位于地球) 10,203 33,476
珠穆朗瑪峰(位于地球) 8,848 29,029
Tharsis Tholus 8,000-9,000 26,000-29,000
Biblis Tholus (formerly Patera) 7,198 23,616
Alba Mons (formerly Patera) 6,815 22,359
Ulysses Tholus (formerly Patera) 5,863 19,236
Mount Sharp[1][2][3] 5,500 18,000
Uranius Mons (formerly Patera) 4,853 15,922
Anseris Mons 3,959 12,989
Hadriacus Mons (formerly Hadriaca Patera) 3,959 12,989
Euripus Mons 3,945 12,943
Tyrrhenus Mons (formerly Tyrrhena Patera) 3,920 12,861
Promethei Mons 3,789 12,431
Chronius Mons 3,240 10,630
阿波里那山 (formerly Patera) 3,155 10,351
Gonnus Mons 2,937 9,636
大瑟提斯高原 2,300 7,546
Amphitrites Patera 2,066 6,778
Nili Patera 2,036 6,680
Pityusa Patera 1,877 6,158
Malea Patera 1,313 4,308
Peneus Patera 1,276 4,186
Labeatis Mons 1,143 3,750
Issedon Paterae 826 2,710
Pindus Mons 704 2,310
Meroe Patera 542 1,778
死海 -420 -1,378
Orcus Patera -764 -2,507
Oceanidum Mons -1,277 -4,190
Horarum Mons -2,325 -7,628
Peraea Mons -2,470 -8,104
本特利冰河下溝谷(位于地球) -2,555 -8,383
Octantis Mons -2,731 -8,960
Galaxius Mons -3,972 -13,031
挑战者深渊(位于地球) -10,924 -35,840

参考资料[编辑]

  • United States Geological Survey data files megt90n000eb.img and megt90n000eb.lbl

参见[编辑]

外部链接[编辑]