大鱷龜屬

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大鱷龜屬
化石时期:中新世–現在
Alligator snapping turtle.jpg
Macrochelys temminckii
科学分类 e
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
纲: 爬行纲 Reptilia
目: 龟鳖目 Testudines
科: 鳄龟科 Chelydridae
属: 大鱷龜屬 Macrochelys
Gray, 1856[1]

大鱷龜屬Macrochelys)是鱷龜科的一個屬,原產於美國東南部。它本來只有大鱷龜這一個現存種,2014年又分出幾個不同的種。[2]

[编辑]

Macrochelys temminckii

該屬現在有兩個種:[3][4]

該屬的第三個種尚存疑:[5][6][7]

  • Macrochelys apalachicolae Thomas et al., 2014

此外,該屬還有兩個化石種:

  • Macrochelys auffenbergi Dobie, 1968(上新世中期的佛羅里達)
  • Macrochelys schmidti(上新世早中期的內布拉斯加)

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Rhodin, Anders G.J.; van Dijk, Peter Paul; Inverson, John B.; Shaffer, H. Bradley; Roger, Bour. Turtles of the world, 2012 update: Annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution and conservation status (PDF). Chelonian Research Monographs. 2012-12-31, 5: 000.251. doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v5.2012. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2013-01-04). 
  2. ^ John R. Platt. Alligator Snapping Turtles, the Dinosaurs of the Turtle World, Are Actually 3 at-Risk Species. Scientific American. April 17, 2014. 
  3. ^ Reptile Database: Macrochelys. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  4. ^ Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R. Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P.] (2017). "Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (8th Ed.)." In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Pritchard, P.C.H., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). "Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group." Chelonian Research Monographs 7:1–292. doi:10.3854/crm.7.checklist.atlas.v8.2017.
  5. ^ Thomas, T., Granatosky, M. Bourque, J., Krysko, K., Moler, P., Gamble, T., Suarez, E., Leone, E., Enge, K. & Roman, J. (2014). "Taxonomic assessment of Alligator Snapping Turtles (Chelydridae: Macrochelys), with the description of two new species from the southeastern United States." Zootaxa 3786(2): 141–165.
  6. ^ Joshua E. Brown. Research splits alligator snapping turtle, 'dinosaur of the turtle world,' into three species. Phys.org. April 24, 2014. 
  7. ^ Folt, B.; and C. Guyer (2015). "Evaluating recent taxonomic changes for alligator snapping turtles (Testudines: Chelydridae)." Zootaxa 3947(3): 447–450.