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亞壁古道影業
公司類型 私人公司
成立 2004年
創辦人 莱昂纳多·迪卡普里奥
代表人物 珍妮佛·戴維森(總裁)[1]
總部  美國加州西好莱坞
产业
產品

亞壁古道影業(英語:Appian Way Productions)是美國的一家電影製作公司,位於加州西好莱坞,由美國男演員兼製片人莱昂纳多·迪卡普里奥創辦。截止至2019年,該公司已經出品了16部劇情長片、6部紀錄片和3部電視劇。亞壁古道影業經常與马丁·斯科塞斯合作,公司的許多知名電影作品都是由斯科塞斯擔綱導演。

該公司出品的第一部電影是2004年劇情片刺殺尼克森英语The Assassination of Richard Nixon》,該片曾於第57届戛纳电影节上展出。公司的第二部作品——傳記片飞行者》也在2004年上映,迪卡普里奥飾演男主角霍华德·休斯。《飞行者》叫好又叫座,並入圍包含最佳影片獎在內的多項奧斯卡金像獎。2007年,亞壁古道影業又推出了兩部作品——喜劇劇情片《伊甸園英语Gardener of Eden》和紀錄片《第十一个小时》。後來,迪卡普里奥透過該公司製作了一部含三季的電視劇《綠能小鎮英语Greensburg (TV series)》,於2008年至2010年間播出。

2009年至2010年間,亞壁古道影業接連出品了三部賣座片,依序為傳記犯罪片頭號公敵》(2009年)、心理恐怖片孤兒怨》(2009年)和心理驚悚片英语Psychological thriller隔離島》(2010年)。2011年,亞壁古道影業一口氣推出了三部電影,但沒有一部獲得亮眼成績。2013年,該公司再度連發三片,當中包含叫好又叫座的傳記片《华尔街之狼》。由於因包含爭議性劇情而遭數個國家封殺,該片在BitTorrent網站上的盜版下載量超過3,000萬。亞壁古道影業的下一部作品是描述邊疆居民休·格拉斯英语Hugh Glass生平的西部片神鬼獵人》,於2015年上映後大獲好評。

歷史[编辑]

2004年至2010年[编辑]

亞壁古道影業由美國男演員兼製片人莱昂纳多·迪卡普里奥創辦,名字取自位於義大利的古道路亚壁古道。該公司出品的第一部電影是2004年劇情片刺殺尼克森英语The Assassination of Richard Nixon》,該片改編自真實故事,當中西恩·潘飾演主角山謬·拜克英语Samuel Byck;拜克曾於1974年企圖暗殺時任美國總統理查德·尼克松[2]。It was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival.[3] The company's next film was the 2004 biopic The Aviator, produced in association with Forward Pass, Intermedia, and Initial Entertainment Group. Based on the 1993 non-fiction book Howard Hughes: The Secret Life by Charles Higham, the film depicted the life of Howard Hughes (DiCaprio), an aviation pioneer who became a successful film producer between the late 1920s and late 1940s while simultaneously growing more unstable due to severe obsessive–compulsive disorder.[4][5] Writing for The Daily Telegraph, Sukhdev Sandhu described the film as "a gorgeous tribute to the Golden Age of Hollywood" even though it "tips the balance of spectacle versus substance in favour of the former". He praised Martin Scorsese's direction, DiCaprio and the supporting cast.[6] The film proved to be a commercial success, with a worldwide gross of $213.7 million against a budget of $110 million.[7] It earned a total of eleven nominations at the 77th Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director (Scorsese) and Best Actor (DiCaprio), and won five of them, including a Best Supporting Actress award for Cate Blanchett.[8]

A photograph of Leonardo DiCaprio.
Leonardo DiCaprio—the founder of Appian Way Productions. Alongside producing many of the company's films, he also played roles in a few of them

Kevin Connolly, a close friend of DiCaprio, directed Appian Way's next film—the comedy drama Gardener of Eden (2007), which, according to The Hollywood Reporter's Frank Scheck, "lack[ed] the necessary dramatic urgency or black humor to connect with audiences".[9] A few months later, Appian Way released The 11th Hour, a documentary about global warming. The film, featuring 50 experts who suggested solutions to various environmental problems, won the Earthwatch Environmental Film Award through the National Geographic Channel in March 2008.[10] DiCaprio wrote a three-season television series Greensburg (2008–10) which was produced by the company.[11]

Appian Way later produced another biopic, Public Enemies (2009), a Michael Mann-directed mob drama starring Johnny Depp and Christian Bale.[12] Following the final years of the notorious bank robber John Dillinger (Depp) as he is pursued by FBI agent Melvin Purvis during Great Depression, the film was an adaptation of Bryan Burrough's non-fiction book Public Enemies: America's Greatest Crime Wave and the Birth of the FBI, 1933–34. A commercial success, it also received generally positive reviews, though critics found historical inaccuracies in the film.[13][14] The company, along with Dark Castle Entertainment, released the 2009 psychological horror film Orphan, which told the story of a couple who, after the death of their unborn child, adopt a mysterious 9-year-old girl. The film was considered by the adoption community to promote negative stereotypes about orphans.[15] Although the film received mixed reviews, it was a commercial success.[16]

Scorsese reunited with the company to make the film Shutter Island (2010), a psychological thriller based on the 2003 novel of same name by Dennis Lehane. DiCaprio played U.S. Marshal Edward "Teddy" Daniels, who investigates a psychiatric facility located on an island but eventually comes to question his own sanity. A commercial success, the film received generally positive reviews; Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian praised the film's direction and performances but criticized its "silly twist ending", calling it "supremely exasperating".[17][18]

2011 onward[编辑]

Red Riding Hood, directed by Catherine Hardwicke, was Appian Way's first release in 2011. The film, set in a village haunted by werewolves, follows a young girl who falls in love with an orphan woodcutter, much to her family's displeasure. Earlier in production, the film was titled The Girl with the Red Riding Hood.[19] Although it was poorly received by critics—Mary Pols of Time named it one of the Top 10 Worst Movies of 2011—it had moderate box-office returns.[20][21] The company's second release in 2011 was Detachment, a Tony Kaye-directed drama about the high school education system.[22] George Clooney directed and co-produced the company's final film of the year The Ides of March, which is based on Beau Willimon's play Farragut North. Starring Ryan Gosling, Clooney and Philip Seymour Hoffman, this political drama takes place during a presidential primary, when an ambitious press secretary (Gosling) becomes embroiled in a political scandal. The film received positive reviews;[23] one from The Guardian praised the direction and the performances of the cast.[24]

A picture of Martin Scorsese smiling away from the camera.
Martin Scorsese has directed three of the company's films, The Aviator (2004), Shutter Island (2010) and The Wolf of Wall Street (2013), all of which were successful.

Three films were produced by Appian Way in 2013; the first was Runner Runner, an ensemble crime thriller, which The GuardianTemplate:'s Xan Brooks described as "a lazy, trashy film that barely goes through the motions".[25] The thriller Out of the Furnace, the company's second release, was also negatively received by critics and was a box office bomb.[26] Scorsese directed the company's final film in 2013—The Wolf of Wall Street, a biopic on the life of Jordan Belfort (DiCaprio), a New York stockbroker who runs a firm that engages in securities fraud and money laundering on Wall Street in the 1990s. The screenplay was adapted by Terence Winter from Belfort's memoir of the same name.[27] The film was banned in Kenya, Malaysia and Nepal for its controversial depiction of events, explicit sexual content, profanity, and hard drug use.[28][29] Nonetheless, it was a commercial success, becoming the 17th-highest-grossing film of 2013.[30] According to copyright infringement tracking site Excipio, the film was the most widely infringed of 2014, as it was downloaded illegally over 30 million times via BitTorrent sites.[31] It was nominated for several Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Actor, although it failed to win in any category.[32]

In 2015, DiCaprio produced and co-starred with Tom Hardy and Domhnall Gleeson in The Revenant, directed by Alejandro González Iñárritu. This biographical western thriller is based on in part on Michael Punke's 2002 novel of the same name, which itself is inspired by the frontiersman Hugh Glass's survival after being mauled by a grizzly bear in 1823. Co-produced with Regency Enterprises, RatPac-Dune Entertainment, Anonymous Content and M Productions, the film was well received by critics with particular praise directed toward the performances, direction and cinematography. "Bleak as hell but considerably more beautiful, this nightmarish plunge into a frigid, forbidding American outback is a movie of pitiless violence, grueling intensity and continually breathtaking imagery", according to Justin Change of Variety.[33] Built on a budget of $135 million, the film earned $533 million worldwide.[34] The Revenant received 12 nominations at the 88th Academy Awards, and won three, including Best Director and Best Actor.[35]

In May 2016, Appian Way Productions signed a three-year, first-look production deal with Paramount Pictures.[36] In December 2016, the company released Live by Night, based on the 2012 novel of same name by Dennis Lehane.[37] Directed by, written by and starring Ben Affleck, this Prohibition-era gangster drama received largely unenthusiastic reviews and failed to recoup its $65 million production budget.[38] Also that year, the company produced four documentaries, Davi's Way, The Last Shaman, The Ivory Game and Before the Flood, the last of which won the Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Documentary.[39][40]

In 2017, Appian Way produced Under the Bed, a television film thriller about a young woman trying to get over a breakup, while befriending a stalker on social media.[41] In association with Blumhouse Productions and GK Films, the company will produce Delirium, a supernatural horror film scheduled for a 2017 release.[42] As of September 2017, Appian Way will produce Roosevelt, a film based on the life of former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt; Leonardo DiCaprio is set to star, with Martin Scorsese directing and Paramount Pictures distributing.[43]

Films[编辑]

Television[编辑]

Documentaries[编辑]

Notes[编辑]

Footnotes[编辑]

  1. ^ A television film thriller, the production is inspired by true events.[41]

References[编辑]

  1. ^ Ievoli, Susan. History Greenlights "frontiersmen" From Executive Producer Leonardo Dicaprio Of Appian Way Productions And Stephen David Entertainment. A&E Networks. 2016-11-14 [2017-06-25]. 
  2. ^ McCarthy, Todd. Review: ‘The Assassination of Richard Nixon’. Variety. 2004-05-17 [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-22). 
  3. ^ The Assassination of Richard Nixon. Cannes Film Festival. [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2013-11-10). 
  4. ^ Santas, Constantine; Wilson, James M.; Colavito, Maria; Baker, Djoymi. The Encyclopedia of Epic Films. Scarecrow Press. 2014: 64. ISBN 978-0-8108-8248-5. 
  5. ^ Winter, Jessica. The Aviator. The Guardian. 2005-06-10 [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-22). 
  6. ^ Thrillingly bumpy ride towards madness. The Daily Telegraph. 2004-12-24 [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-01). 
  7. ^ The Aviator (2004). Box Office Mojo. [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-21). 
  8. ^ The 77th Academy Awards (2005) Nominees and Winners. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2016-01-01). 
  9. ^ Scheck, Frank. The Gardener of Eden. The Hollywood Reporter. 2007-04-26 [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-22). 
  10. ^ Kohli, Gayrajan. Why You Should Watch 'The 11th Hour' With Leonardo DiCaprio. abcofsolar.com. 2014-12-21 [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-22). 
  11. ^ Greensburg Season 3 to Air on Planet Green. Greensburgks.org. [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-22). 
  12. ^ Slavicek, Louise Chipley. Leonardo DiCaprio. Infobase Learning. 2012: 89. ISBN 978-1-4381-4133-6. 
  13. ^ Public Enemies. Metacritic. [2017-06-25]. (原始内容存档于2016-12-13). 
  14. ^ Public Enemies (2009). Box Office Mojo. [2017-06-25]. (原始内容存档于2017-02-07) (英语). 
  15. ^ Crary, David. Advocates of adoption upset by 'Orphan' film. Los Angeles Times. 2009-07-19 [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-22). 
  16. ^ Ochoa, George. Deformed and Destructive Beings: The Purpose of Horror Films. McFarland. 2011: 75. ISBN 978-0-7864-8654-0. 
  17. ^ Shutter Island (2010). Box Office Mojo. [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2016-01-14). 
  18. ^ Bradshaw, Peter. Shutter Island. The Guardian. 2010-03-11 [2015-12-20]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-22). 
  19. ^ Sperling, Nicole. 'Twilight' director Catherine Hardwicke talks new project: 'Red Riding Hood'. Entertainment Weekly. 2010-04-23 [2015-12-21]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-08). 
  20. ^ Pols, Mary. The Top 10 Everything of 2011 – Red Riding Hood. Time. 2011-12-07 [2011-12-21]. (原始内容存档于2011-12-20). 
  21. ^ Red Riding Hood. Box Office Mojo. [2015-12-21]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-16). 
  22. ^ Travers, Peter. Detachment Review. Rolling Stone. 2012-03-15 [2015-12-21]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-22). 
  23. ^ The Ides of March. Rotten Tomatoes. [2017-06-25]. (原始内容存档于2017-06-03). 
  24. ^ French, Philip. The Ides of March – review. The Guardian. 2011-10-29 [2017-07-07]. 
  25. ^ Brooks, Xan. Runner Runner – review. The Guardian. 2013-09-26 [2015-12-21]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-22). 
  26. ^ Kaufman, Amy. 'Frozen' tops 'Catching Fire,' but 'Furnace' generates no heat. Los Angeles Times. 2013-12-08 [2015-12-21]. (原始内容存档于2014-05-04). 
  27. ^ Harding, Nick. Jordan Belfort: The real Wolf of Wall Street and the men who brought him down. The Independent (Independent Print Limited). 2014-01-12 [2015-08-08]. (原始内容存档于2015-09-21). 
  28. ^ Kenya arrests over banned Wolf of Wall Street film. BBC News. 2014-02-13 [2016-06-27]. (原始内容存档于2016-09-10). 
  29. ^ 'The Wolf Of Wall Street' banned in Malaysia and Nepal. NME. [2015-12-21]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-22). 
  30. ^ 2013 Worldwide Grosses. Box Office Mojo. [2015-12-21]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-05). 
  31. ^ Spangler, Todd. Top 20 Most Pirated Movies of 2014 Led by 'Wolf of Wall Street,' 'Frozen,' 'Gravity'. The Hollywood Reporter. 2014-12-28 [2015-12-21]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-13). 
  32. ^ Oscar nominations 2014: full list of nominees. The Daily Telegraph. 2014-03-02 [2015-07-08]. (原始内容存档于2015-07-15). 
  33. ^ Chang, Justin. Film Review: 'The Revenant'. Variety. 2015-12-04 [2015-12-21]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-22). 
  34. ^ The Revenant (2015). Box Office Mojo. [2017-06-23]. (原始内容存档于2017-05-29) (英语). 
  35. ^ Rottenberg, Josh. Oscars 2016: 'The Revenant' and 'Mad Max: Fury Road' lead the pack in Oscar nominations. Orlando Sentinel. 2016-01-14 [2017-06-23]. (原始内容存档于2016-08-18). 
  36. ^ Leonardo DiCaprio's Appian Way Productions Signs Three-Year Deal With Paramount. The Hollywood Reporter. [2016-06-27]. (原始内容存档于2016-05-20). 
  37. ^ Ben Affleck suits up in 1920s attire for first day of filming Live By Night... while Jennifer Garner takes kids to school in Halloween costumes. Daily Mail. [2016-06-28]. (原始内容存档于2016-09-12). 
  38. ^ McClintock, Pamela. Box Office: Why Ben Affleck's 'Live by Night' and Martin Scorsese's 'Silence' Fared So Poorly. The Hollywood Reporter. 2017-01-14 [2017-06-25]. (原始内容存档于2017-01-16). 
  39. ^ Hipes, Patrick. 'The Ivory Game' Trailer: First Look At Netflix’s Latest Leonardo DiCaprio-Produced Docu. Deadline.com. 2016-10-21 [2017-06-25]. (原始内容存档于2017-02-04). 
  40. ^ Moore, William. Evening Standard British Film Awards - The Longlist. London Evening Standard. 2016-11-17 [2016-11-29]. (原始内容存档于2016-11-29). 
  41. ^ 41.0 41.1 McNary, Dave. Lifetime Buys Thriller 'Under the Bed' Starring 'Black Sails' Actress Hannah New (Exclusive). Variety. 2016-12-07 [2017-06-28]. 
  42. ^ Lang, Brent. How Jason Blum Plans to Upend Film Distribution With 'Green Inferno,' 'Delirium'. Variety. 2015-09-17 [2017-06-25]. 
  43. ^ Leo DiCaprio, Martin Scorsese teaming up for Teddy Roosevelt film. NY Daily News. [2017-09-26] (英语). 

External links[编辑]