以色列經濟

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以色列經濟發達。2015年,在聯合國人類發展指數排名中,以色列在188個國家中名列第18,被列入高度開發國家。以色列的主要產業包括了高科技製品、金屬製品、電子和生物醫療儀器、農產品、食品加工、化工、醫藥、運輸器具等。以色列是世界鑽石切割和拋光中心之一。以色列資源貧瘠,主要資源幾乎都依賴進口。以色列在軟體、電訊和半導體產業上也很先進[1]。以色列高水準的大學教育是促進以色列科技和經濟發展的關鍵[2]。以色列科技產業創業風潮盛行,被譽為第二個矽谷[3][4][5]。許多外國企業都收購或投資以色列企業[6][7]。不少美國商業巨頭也在以色列有投資[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]。旅遊業也是以色列重要產業之一。2013年有354萬名外國遊客到訪以色列[18][19]。2010年9月,以色列被邀請加入OECD,是繼日韓後第三個加入此組織的亞洲國家[20]。以色列還和多個國家簽訂了自由貿易協定[21][22]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 存档副本 (PDF). [2013-03-18]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2013-05-13). 
  2. ^ David Adler. Ambitious Israeli students look to top institutions abroad. ICEF. 10 Mar 2014 [20 January 2015]. 
  3. ^ The Intellectual Capital of the State of Israel (PDF). State of Israel Ministry of Industry, Trade, and Labor: 27. November 2007 [March 18, 2013]. 
  4. ^ Israel's technology cluster. The Economist. 19 March 2008 [17 October 2012]. 
  5. ^ Dolmadjian, Katia. Israeli innovators build new 'Silicon Valley'. Agence France-Presse. 28 June 2011 [17 October 2012]. 
  6. ^ Shelach, Shmulik. Apple to set up Israel development center. Globes. 14 December 2011 [10 February 2013]. 
  7. ^ Shelach, Shmulik. Apple opens Ra'anana development center. Globes. 10 February 2013 [10 February 2013]. 
  8. ^ Carlos Slim investing 60 million dollars in an Israeli startup. Israel News. [12 April 2015]. 
  9. ^ Ora Coren. Mexican mogul Carlos Slim eyes investments in Israel. Haaretz. [12 April 2015]. 
  10. ^ Carlos Slim: We want to invest more in Israel. Globes. 2013-11-28 [12 April 2015]. 
  11. ^ Donald Trump Plans World-Class Golf Course in Israel. Algemeiner. May 17, 2013 [9 August 2013]. 
  12. ^ Allison Kaplan Sommer. Microsoft's Bill Gates: Israel is a vital resource for us. Israel 21. Dec 2, 2002 [9 August 2013]. 
  13. ^ Maya Shwayder. Donald Trump, Big In Israel, Endorses Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. IB Times. January 15, 2013 [9 August 2013]. 
  14. ^ Bill Gates pledges new investment in Israel. Wis TV. October 26, 2005 [9 August 2013]. (原始内容存档于2013-11-01). 
  15. ^ Donald Trump to U.S. – "You’re fired!". Wise Money Israel. June 21, 2013 [9 August 2013]. 
  16. ^ David Lev. Buffett: Israel a Top Place for Ideas, Investments. Israel National News. May 2, 2013 [9 August 2013]. 
  17. ^ Israeli Business Investments. Israeli Business Investment.com. [9 August 2013]. (原始内容存档于2013年7月2日). 
  18. ^ Yifa Yaakov. 2013 ‘record year’ for tourism, government says. Times of Israel. January 10, 2014 [12 March 2014]. 
  19. ^ Ziv Reinstein. 2013: Record year for incoming tourism. January 10, 2014 [12 March 2014]. 
  20. ^ Israel's accession to the OECD. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. [15 October 2012]. 
  21. ^ Israel's Free Trade Area Agreements, IL: Tamas, [8 September 2011], (原始内容存档于2011年10月3日) .
  22. ^ Israel signs free trade agreement with Mercosur. Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 19 December 2007 [15 October 2012].