傳播論

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傳播論文化傳播論文化散布理論文化人類學文化地理學上的一個概念,由利奧·費羅貝尼烏斯在1897年首次提出。這一個概念用來描述各種文化要素,如思想、語言、科技及宗教的傳播。雖然文化傳播確實存在,但實際上關於某些文化的傳播程度和範圍至今在學界仍有爭議[1][2][3][4]。其與人類學理論的發展有著深遠影響,一些重要的文化概念如文化圈等,都是文化傳播學派的人物提出來的。“超傳播主義”也是從這一理論中發展出來的,這一理論否認歷史上存在任何形式的平行演化和單獨發明,認爲人類史上所有重大發明都來自于一個文化。[5]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Robert C. Suggs The Island Civilizations of Polynesia, New York: New American Library, pp. 212-224
  2. ^ Kirch, P. (2000). On the Roads to the Wind: An archaeological history of the Pacific Islands before European contact. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000
  3. ^ Barnes, S.S.; 等. Ancient DNA of the Pacific rat (Rattus exulans) from Rapa Nui (Easter Island) (PDF). Journal of Archaeological Science. 2006, 33 (11): 1536. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2006.02.006. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2011-07-19). 
  4. ^ Friedlaender, J.S.; 等. The genetic structure of Pacific Islanders. PLoS genetics. 2008, 4 (1): e19. PMC 2211537. PMID 18208337. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.0040019. 
  5. ^ Legend and lore of the Americas before 1492: an encyclopedia of visitors, explorers, and immigrants, Ronald H. Fritze, 1993, p. 70
  • Frobenius, Leo. Der westafrikanische Kulturkreis. Petermanns Mitteilungen 43/44, 1897/98
  • Kroeber, Alfred L. (1940). "Stimulus diffusion." American Anthropologist 42(1), Jan.–Mar., pp. 1–20
  • Rogers, Everett (1962) Diffusion of innovations. New York: Free Press of Glencoe, Macmillan Company
  • Sorenson, John L. & Carl L. Johannessen (2006) "Biological Evidence for Pre-Columbian Transoceanic Voyages." In: Contact and Exchange in the Ancient World. Ed. Victor H. Mair. University of Hawaii Press, pp. 238–297. ISBN 978-0-8248-2884-4; ISBN 0-8248-2884-4

外部連接[编辑]

  • "Diffusionism and Acculturation" by Gail King and Meghan Wright, Anthropological Theories, M.D. Murphy (ed.), Department of Anthropology, College of Arts and Sciences, The University of Alabama.