按市域人口排列的世界城市列表

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本条目列出了“市域”概念定义下的世界上人口最多的城市。市域city proper)是由法定或政治边界和定义的地方,是常以某种形式的地方政府为特征的行政上认可的城市。 [1][2][3]市域及其边界和人口的数据覆盖郊区[4]

联合国出版物《世界城镇化展望》(World Urbanization Prospects)将市域人口定义为“居住在城市行政边界内或由单一权力机构直接由城市管辖的人口。”(the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city or controlled directly from the city by a single authority)。该书还继续说到:“行政边界所定义的市域包括很大比例的在城市工作或学习的人口居住的郊区。”(city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives.)[4]该定义并准确地描述城市的城区或大都会区。 使用该行政的定义时,市区小于辖区的城市(广域市)会上榜。中国城市管理了远远超出传统的“市区”的区域,延伸到了郊区和鄉村地区。[5]

市域人口[编辑]

排名 城市 照片 人口 定义 总面积
(km²)
人口密度
(人/km²)
国家
1 重庆市 SkylineOfChongqing.jpg 30,165,500[6] 直辖市 82,403[7] 366  中国
2 上海 PudongSkyline-pjt (cropped).jpg 24,183,300[8] 直辖市 6,340.5[9] 3,814  中国
3 北京 View of Beijing.jpg 21,707,000[10] 直辖市 16,411[7] 1,267  中国
4 拉各斯 Lagos Island.jpg 16,060,303[a] Metropolis 1,171.28[12] 13,712  奈及利亞
5 伊斯坦布尔 Halic.png 15,029,231[13] 都會市(Metropolitan municipality) 620.29[14] 24,231  土耳其
6 卡拉奇 14,910,352[15] [16] 3,780 3,944  巴基斯坦
7 广州 Guangzhou skyline.jpg 13,081,000[17] 副省级 7,434[18] 1,760  中国
8 深圳 Shenzhen CBD and River.jpg 12,528,300[19] 副省级 1,992[20] 6,889  中国
9 孟买 Mumbai Downtown.jpg 12,442,373[21] [22] 437.71[23] 28,426  印度
10 莫斯科 Moscow-City (36211143494).jpg 12,229,000[24] 联邦直辖市[25][26] 1,021.75[27] 11,969  俄羅斯
11 圣保罗 MarginalPinheiros.jpg 12,038,000[28] [29] 1,081.05 11,199  巴西
12 金沙萨 Kinshasa-Gombe, from CCIC.JPG 11,462,000[30][31] [32] 473.73[33] 24,195  刚果(金)
13 天津 炫彩津门99海河夜景.jpg 11,249,000[34] 直辖市 11,920[35] 944  中国
14 拉合尔 Kalma Underpass1.jpg 11,126,000[36] 502.55[30] 22,139  巴基斯坦
15 德里 Smog in Dehli edited.jpg 11,034,555[37] 461.83 23,893  印度
16 雅加达 Jakarta City Skyline.jpg 10,624,000[38] 特別首都地域[39] 661.50 16,060  印尼
17 东莞 Dongguan -03.jpg 10,615,000[40] 2,460 4,315  中国
18 首尔 View of YangJe-Cheon.jpg 9,806,000[41] 605.25[42] 16,202  韩国
19 佛山 Downtown of Guicheng.jpg 9,279,000[43][44] 3,797[45] 2,444  中国
20 东京 Skyscrapers of Shinjuku 2009 January (revised).jpg 9,273,000[46] 626.99[46] 14,790  日本
21 成都 Jiuyanqiao.jpg 9,012,000[47] 副省级 14,312[17] 630  中国
22 利马 City of Lima, Peru.jpg 8,894,000[48] [49] 2,672 3,329  秘魯
23 墨西哥城 Ciudad.de.Mexico.City.Distrito.Federal.DF.Paseo.Reforma.Skyline.jpg 8,875,000[50] 607.22[51] 14,616  墨西哥
24 伦敦 Canary Wharf Skyline 2, London UK - Oct 2012.jpg 8,825,001[52] [53] 1,572 5,614  英國
25 德黑兰 Towers in Tehran City at night.jpg 8,694,000[54] 大都會[55] 574.13[56] 15,143  伊朗
26 纽约 Above Gotham.jpg 8,622,698[57] [58] 786.30 10,966  美國
27 班加罗尔 UB City.jpg 8,443,675[59] Metropolis 709 11,909  印度
28 沈阳 Shenyang Qingnian Street.JPG 8,106,171[60] 副省级 12,980 625  中国
29 达卡 GulshanDhaka.jpg 8,063,000[61] 337.54[62] 23,888 孟加拉国 孟加拉国
30 武汉 WuhanSkyline.jpg 8,035,000[63] 副省级[64] 8,494[65] 946  中国
31 波哥大 Centro-Internacional-Bogotá.jpg 7,963,000[66] [67] 428.26[68][69] 18,594  哥伦比亚
32 开罗 Kairo 001.jpg 7,740,000[70] [71] 302.56[72] 25,582  埃及
33 宁波 Juncture of three main rivers in Ningbo China.jpg 7,605,689[73] 副省级 9,816.23 775  中国
34 胡志明市 Một khúc sông Sài Gòn.JPG 7,431,000[74] 中央直辖市 453.60[74] 16,382  越南
35 香港 Hong Kong view from The Peak 01.jpg 7,298,600[75] 特别行政区[76] 1,104.43[77] 6,608  香港
36 南京 Nanjingpanorama001.jpg 7,260,000[78] 副省级 6,582 1,103  中国
37 河内 Hanoi Cityscape.jpg 7,232,700[74] 中央直辖市 3,324.5[74] 2,176  越南
38 长沙 Furong square, changsha.JPG 7,044,118[79] [80] 11,819 596  中国
39 杭州 Hangzhou-yellow-dragon-stad.jpg 7,035,000[81] 副省级 850.83[81] 8,268  中国
40 艾哈迈达巴德 Amdavad Aerial.jpg 7,021,000[82] 351.21 19,991  印度
41 海得拉巴 MindSpace campus in Hyderabad, India.jpg 6,993,262[83] 651.75[84] 11,494  印度
42 巴格达 Haifa street, as seen from the medical city hospital across the tigres.jpg 6,793,000[85] [86] 424.53[87] 16,001  伊拉克
43 金奈 The first Hyatt Hotel in South India.jpg 6,727,000[88] 市法團[89] 426.51[90] 15,772  印度
44 利雅得 Riyadh North Skyline .jpg 6,694,000[91] [92] 410.97[93] 16,288  沙烏地阿拉伯
45 里约热内卢 Vista aérea Centro do Rio de Janeiro RJ.jpg 6,520,000[94] 751.44[95] 8,677  巴西
46 西安 1 xian china wild goose pagoda view.JPG 6,220,000[96] 副省级[97] 10,135 614  中国
47 苏州 Gate of the Orient 东方之门 dong fang zhi men Suzhou photo Christian Gänshirt 2015.JPG 5,983,000[98] [99] 8,488[100] 705  中国
48 苏拉特 GauravPath1.jpg 5,868,000[101] 210.20[102] 27,916  印度
49 曼谷 The Baiyoke Tower II in Bangkok, Thailand.jpg 5,782,000[103] [104] 764.73 7,561  泰國
50 圣地亚哥 Santiago de Chile.jpg 5,561,000[105] [106] 595.49 9,339  智利
51 新加坡 Singapore CBD skyline from Esplanade at dusk.jpg 5,607,000[107] 602.75[107] 9,302  新加坡
52 汕头 China-shantou03.jpg 5,391,028[108] 2,064.42 2,611  中国
53 圣彼得堡 Poema u treh ozer.jpg 5,351,000[109] 直辖市 463.11[27] 11,554  俄羅斯
54 哈尔滨 Kitayskaya Street.jpg 5,299,000[110][111] 副省级 614.31[112] 8,626  中国
55 达累斯萨拉姆 Dar Es Salaam Waterfront (34472394020).jpg 5,257,000[113] [114] 330.52[115] 15,905  坦桑尼亚
56 仰光 Downtown Yangon (2006).jpg 5,214,000[30] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[116] 598.75[117] 8,708  緬甸
57 约翰内斯堡 Johannesburg CBD.jpg 4,949,000[118] 432.84 11,434  南非
58 阿比让 Plateau Centre-est.jpg 4,765,000[30] Department/City District 2,119[119] 2,249  科特迪瓦
59 亚历山大港 Alexandria - Egypt.jpg 4,616,625[120] Governorate 2,300[121][122] 2,007  埃及
60 加尔各答 Calcutta skyline.jpg 4,496,694[123] 市法團 185 24,306  印度
61 安卡拉 Ankara and mosque wza.jpg 4,470,800[124] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[125] 1,910.92[126][127] 2,340  土耳其
62 吉萨 Giza Traffic.JPG 4,239,988[128] Governorate[129] 289.08 14,667  埃及
63 郑州 河南艺术中心.png 4,122,087[130] [131] 1,015.66 4,059  中国
64 洛杉磯 LA Skyline Mountains2.jpg 3,997,189[132] Municipality City[133] 1,213.85 3,276  美國
65 新北市 New Taipei City Hall 20131108.jpg 3,974,589[134] 直轄市 2,052.57[135] 1,927 臺灣 臺灣
66 开普敦 Central Cape Town.jpg 3,740,026[118] Municipality City 2,444.97 1,530  南非
67 横滨 Minato Mirai In Blue.jpg 3,726,167[46] Designated City 437.49 8,517  日本
68 柏林 Berlin Bezirk Mitte 949-831-(118).jpg 3,671,000[136] City State 891.75 4,117  德國
69 釜山 August Afternoon in Haeundae 2.jpg 3,590,000[137] 廣域市 347.49[137] 10,331  韩国
70 厦门 View of Urban Area of Amoy from Mount Riguangyan.jpg 3,531,347[138] 副省级 1,699 2,078  中国
71 吉达 Jeddeh4.jpg 3,456,259[139] Municipality City 1,765[140] 1,958  沙烏地阿拉伯
72 德班 VWestDurban.jpg 3,442,361[118] Municipality City 2,291.31 1,502  南非
73 喀布尔 Kabul central buildings - panoramio.jpg 3,414,100[141] Municipality City 275 12,415  阿富汗
74 卡萨布兰卡 CasablancaFAR.jpg 3,359,818[142] Prefecture 230 14,608  摩洛哥
75 合肥 Hefei Street Scene.jpg 3,352,076[143] [144] 838.52 3,998  中国
76 平壤 0322 Pyongyang Turm der Juche Idee Aussicht.jpg 3,255,388[145] 直辖市 2,113[146] 1,541  朝鲜
77 马德里 Madrid Cuatro Torres Business Area-2.jpg 3,207,247[147] Municipality City 605.77 5,294  西班牙
78 费萨拉巴德 Clock Tower Faisalabad by Usman Nadeem.jpg 3,203,846[148] City District 214 14,971  巴基斯坦
79 艾古莱尼 Germiston CBD.jpg 3,178,470[118] Municipality City 1,975.31 1,609  南非
80 内罗毕 NBO5.jpg 3,138,369[149] Capital District 694.9 4,829  肯尼亚
81 中山 Zhongshan City -02.jpg 3,121,275[150] 1,783.67 1,750  中国
82 普纳 2 Pune Maharashtra India January 2014.jpg 3,115,431[82] 市法團 450.69 6,913  印度
83 亚的斯亚贝巴 Addis Ababa City view.jpg 3,103,673[151] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[152] 526.99 5,889  衣索比亞
84 齋浦爾 World Trade Park Jaipur in 2012.jpg 3,073,350[82] 市法團 485 6,337  印度
85 布宜诺斯艾利斯 Buenos Aires - Puerto Madero 142.jpg 3,054,300[153] 自治市(Ciudad Autónoma 203 15,046  阿根廷
86 温州 Vue générale de Wenzhou.JPG 3,039,439[154] [155] 1,187.88 2,559  中国
87 仁川 Buildings in New Songdo City.jpg 3,002,645[156] 廣域市 328.55 9,139  韩国

参见[编辑]

[编辑]

  1. ^ Metropolitan Lagos consists 16 out of Lagos State's 20 LGA, which excludes: Badagry, Epe, Ibeju-Lekki and Ikorodu.[11]

参考资料[编辑]

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  85. ^ Demographic Statistics of Iraq (2009). Central Statistical Government of Iraq. [5 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于5 March 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  86. ^ The province of Baghdad is divided into nine district, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad. The districts are distributed into 89 Neighborhood Councils.
  87. ^ There are many disputes about Baghdad city (urban) area. The city of Baghdad has the special status of provincial. The demographic information reported to the city proper are non-existent or are the estimates, projections inconclusive. The Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad is a city "federal district – province". Is similar to the case of Cairo Governorate.
  88. ^ Chennai: India Smart Cities Challenge. Official website of Smart Cities Challenge, India. [2016-07-19]. [永久失效連結]
  89. ^ Chennai city is governed by the Chennai Corporation, dividing into three regions – fifteen districts: North (Tiruvottiyur, Manali, Madhavaram, Tondiarpet and Royapuram), South (Valasaravakkam, Alandur, Adyar, Perungudi and Sholinganallur) and Central (Thiru-Vi-Ka Nagar, Ambattur, Anna Nagar, Teynampet and Kodambakkam), which covers 200 wards. Of the total land area, reserved forests cover 2.71 km2 and is concentrated in and around the Guindy National Park region, one of the few national parks in the world located within a city.
  90. ^ Expanded Chennai Corporationto be divided into 3 regions. The Hindu. [22 March 2014]. 
  91. ^ Composition of Population (2012) (PDF). Arriyadh Development Authority. [4 March 2014]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于23 August 2013).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  92. ^ Riyadh is divided into 15 branch municipalities, in addition to the Diplomatic Quarter. Each branch municipality in turn contains several districts, amounting to over 130 in total, though some districts are divided between more than one branch municipality. The branch municipalities are Al-Shemaysi, Irqah, Al-Ma'athar, Al-Olayya, Al-Aziziyya, Al-Malaz, Al-Selayy, Nemar, Al-Neseem, Al-Shifa, Al-'Urayja, Al-Bat'ha, Al-Ha'ir, Al-Rawdha, and Al-Shimal ("the North").
  93. ^ Arriyadh Development Authority (Investment_Arriyadh_2013)
  94. ^ IBGE divulga as estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2016. IBGE. [12 December 2016] (葡萄牙语). 
  95. ^ Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (2013). [5 October 2014]. (原始内容存档于10 October 2012). 
  96. ^ 西安市2015年国民经济和社会发展统计公报. www.xatj.gov.cn. [2016-05-12]. (原始内容存档于4 June 2016).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  97. ^ The sub-provincial city of Xi'an has direct jurisdiction over 9 districts (区 qu) and 4 counties (县 xian). The city proper based on the districts of Xīnchéng, Bēilín and Liánhú considered "core districts" + Inner suburbs (districts): Bàqiáo, Wèiyāng and Yàntǎ.
  98. ^ Suzhou (Statistics 2013) (PDF). Sztjj.gov.cn. [20 April 2014]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于19 April 2014). 
  99. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Gūsū, Wúzhōng, Sūzhōu Gōngyèyuán (Industrial Park), Xiàngchéng and Sūzhōu Gāo Xīnjìshù Chǎnyè Kāifāqū (New District)
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  102. ^ Demographics: Surat Municipal Corporation 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期4 April 2009.
  103. ^ Table 1 Population by sex, household type and household by type, average size of private household by region and area: 2010. Statistic tables, NSO website. National Statistics Office. [18 September 2012]. (原始内容存档于23 May 2013).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  104. ^ Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet เขต, also sometimes wrongly called amphoe อำเภอ as in the other provinces, derived from Pali khetta, cognate to Sanskrit kṣetra), which are further subdivided into 169 khwaeng แขวง, roughly equivalent to tambon ตำบล in the other provinces.
  105. ^ Chile – Santiago (Census 2012). [1 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于2 March 2014). 
  106. ^ The province of Santiago is divided into thirty-two districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Santiago. But the district of Lo Barnechea is rural (mountains) and is not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Santiago is generally considered to be formed by thirty-one districts (Province of Santiago), the district of Puente Alto (Province of Cordillera), and the district of San Bernardo (Province of Maipo).
  107. ^ 107.0 107.1 Population & Land Area (Mid-Year Estimates). Statistics Singapore. [4 December 2015]. (原始内容存档于29 November 2015).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  108. ^ 现将汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查分区县常住人口[2]数据公布如下:. 汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查 主要数据公报[1]. [30 January 2014]. (原始内容存档于24 April 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  109. ^ Rosstat. Оценка численности постоянного населения на 1 января 2017 г. (俄文)
  110. ^ 黑龙江省2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. [3 February 2014]. 
  111. ^ All city proper districts except Sōngběi; namely Dàolǐ, Nángǎng, Dàowài, Píngfáng, Xiāngfang; see Harbin#Administrative divisions
  112. ^ 中国年鉴信息网--中国规模最大、实力最强的研究报告提供商!. Harbin Yearbook. China Yearbook. [3 February 2014]. 
  113. ^ Pinda, Mizengo Peter. Welcome to the 2012 Tanzania Population and Housing Census WebPage.. Census General Report (pdf); available by clicking “Population Distribution by Administrative Units”. National Bureau of Statistics of Tanzania. [28 December 2013]. (原始内容存档于5 January 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  114. ^ Dar es Salaam is divided into five districts, governed as municipal councils, and so all of the city's suburbs or wards are affiliated with them.
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  116. ^ Yangon is administered by the Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC). The city proper is divided into four districts: Western District, Eastern District, Southern District and Northern District. The districts combined have a total of 33 townships.
  117. ^ Third Regional EST Forum, Presentation of Myanmar. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  118. ^ 118.0 118.1 118.2 118.3 Census (2011). Statistics South Africa. [23 March 2014]. 
  119. ^ Presentation. District Autonome D'Abidjan. [17 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于21 March 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  120. ^ Estimated Population by Governorate. CAPMAS. (原始内容存档于31 December 2013).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  121. ^ Egypt: Administrative Units. GeoHive. [4 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于16 January 2012). 
  122. ^ The city of Alexandria has an area of approximately 400 square kilometres. Egyptian officials provides information at governorate level. In the case of "city proper" provides information at intervals of many years. It is impossible to assess the population (official) reported in the city proper area.
  123. ^ Kolkata (West Bengal, India) - Population Statistics and Location in Maps and Charts - City Population. Citypopulation.de. [19 July 2016]. 
  124. ^ Turkey: Ankara City. citypopulation.de. [25 October 2015]. 
  125. ^ The province of Ankara is divided into twenty five districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Ankara. The city proper (urban area) of Ankara is generally considered to be formed by eight districts (Sincan, Yenimahalle, Etimesgut, Keçiören, Pursaklar, Altındağ, Mamak, Çankaya). Here, Gölbaşı district is excluded, because it is rural.
  126. ^ Yenimahalle district, whose area is not given by citypopulation.de, covers 274 km2
  127. ^ Districts of Turkey. statoids. [25 October 2015]. 
  128. ^ EGYPT: Greater Cairo (2006). citypopulation.de. [20 February 2014]. 
  129. ^ All districts that are listed as being in Greater Cairo and are contiguous; namely Ad-Duqī, Al-Ahrām; Al-'Ajūzah; Al-Badrashayn; Al-Ḥawāmidiyah; Al-Jīzah; Al-Jīzah; Al-'Umrāniyah; Al-Warrāq; Awsīm; Būlāq al-Dakrūr; Imbābah; Kirdāsah.
  130. ^ [[Zhengzhou#Administration and demography|副省级)]] (Census 2010)
  131. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Zhōngyuán, Èrqī, Guǎnchéng Huízú, Jīnshuǐ and Huìjì
  132. ^ Census Estimates (2016). United States Census Bureau. [25 May 2017]. 
  133. ^ Los Angeles City is divided into over 80 districts and neighborhoods.
  134. ^ TAIWAN: Administrative Division (Census 2013). CityPopulation.De. [23 March 2014]. 
  135. ^ New Taipei City. New Taipei City Government. [18 October 2011]. (原始内容存档于9 July 2012).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
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  139. ^ Saudi Census-2010. Central Departament of Statistics Saudi Government. [4 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于1 December 2013). 
  140. ^ Area and Population. Jeddah Municipality. [4 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于21 April 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
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  142. ^ Morocco: Grand Casablanca - Settat. citypopulation.de. [2018-07-03]. (as of 2014-09-01). 
  143. ^ 合肥市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报: 合肥市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公 报[1]. Baidu. [15 February 2014]. 
  144. ^ The prefecture-level city of Hefei administers 9 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 1 County-city and 4 counties. The city proper based on the districts of Luyang, Yaohai, Shushan and Baohe considered "core districts".
  145. ^ United Nations Statistics Division; Preliminary results of the 2008 Census of Population of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea conducted on 1–15 October 2008 (pdf-file) 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期25 March 2009. Retrieved on 1 March 2009.
  146. ^ PYONGYANG 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期17 July 2014.
  147. ^ Municipal Register: Last data published: Population at 1st January (2013). Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE – Spain). [3 March 2014]. 
  148. ^ Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Population of Major Cities - Census 2017 (PDF). (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2017-08-29). 
  149. ^ Kenya (Census 2009). Geohive. [3 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于3 March 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  150. ^ Archived copy. [2014-03-14]. (原始内容存档于14 March 2014). 
  151. ^ Population Size of Towns by Sex, Region, Zone and Wereda: July 2013 (PDF). Central Statistical Agency – CSA. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2015-09-23). 
  152. ^ based on the districts of Akaki Kaliti-Sub City, Nefas Silk-Lafto-Sub City, Kolfe Keraniyo-Sub City, Gulele-Sub City, Lideta-Sub City, Kirkos-Sub City, Arada-Sub City, Addis Ketema-Sub City, Yeka-Sub City, Bole-Sub City considered "districts". [2014-01-29]. (原始内容存档于2014-02-14). 
  153. ^ Argentina: Provinces and Agglomerations. citypopulation.de. [20 October 2015]. 
  154. ^ 1103-浙江省温州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报: 温州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. Baidu. [3 March 2014]. 
  155. ^ Based on the following districts: Lucheng, Longwan, Ouhai; see Administration
  156. ^ 연령별 인구현황 [Population by Age]. egov.go.kr. (原始内容存档于29 November 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)

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