按市域人口排列的世界城市列表

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本条目列出了“市域”概念定义下的世界上人口最多的城市。市域city proper)是由法定或政治边界和定义的地方,是常以某种形式的地方政府为特征的行政上认可的城市。 [1][2][3]市域及其边界和人口的数据覆盖郊区[4]

联合国出版物《世界城镇化展望》(World Urbanization Prospects)将市域人口定义为“居住在城市行政边界内或由单一权力机构直接由城市管辖的人口。”(the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city or controlled directly from the city by a single authority)。该书还继续说到:“行政边界所定义的市域包括很大比例的在城市工作或学习的人口居住的郊区。”(city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives.)[4]该定义并准确地描述城市的城区或大都会区。 使用该行政的定义时,市区小于辖区的城市(广域市)会上榜。中国城市管理了远远超出传统的“市区”的区域,延伸到了郊区和鄉村地区。[5]

市域人口[编辑]

排名 城市 照片 人口 定义 总面积
(km²)
人口密度
(人/km²)
国家/地区
1 重慶 A View of Chongqing Central Business District.jpg 32,054,200[6] 直辖市 82,300[7] 389  中国
2 上海 Shanghai Skyline from a tour boat (Pudong).jpg 24,281,400[8] 直辖市 6,340.5[9] 3,830  中国
3 北京 Skyline of Beijing CBD from the southeast (20210907074131).jpg 21,893,000[10] 直辖市 16,411[7] 1,273  中国
4 成都 Chengdu Tianfu Software Park.jpg 20,938,000[11] 副省级 14,335 1,461  中国
5 广州 Guangzhou Twin Towers.jpg 18,676,600[12] 副省级 7,434.4[13] 2,512  中国
6 深圳 Commercial area of futian to east2020.jpg 17,560,000[14] 副省级 2,050[15] 8,566  中国
7 拉各斯 Lagos Island.jpg 16,060,303[a] Metropolis 1,171.28[17] 13,712  奈及利亞
8 伊斯坦堡 Halic.png 15,029,231[18] 都會市 620.29[19] 24,231  土耳其
9 喀拉蚩 KHIURBANSKYLINE.jpg 14,910,352[20] [21] 3,780 3,944  巴基斯坦
10 天津 炫彩津门99海河夜景.jpg 13,866,000[11] 直辖市 11,920[22] 1,163  中国
11 苏州 Gate of the Orient 东方之门 dong fang zhi men Suzhou photo Christian Gänshirt 2015.JPG 12,748,200[23] [24] 8,567.32[25] 1,488  中国
12 孟买 Mumbai Downtown.jpg 12,442,373[26] [27] 437.71[28] 28,426  印度
13 武汉 WuhanSkyline.jpg 12,326,500[29] 副省级[30] 8,569.15[31] 1,438  中国
14 莫斯科 Moscow-City (36211143494).jpg 12,229,000[32] 联邦直辖市[33][34] 1,021.75[35] 11,969  俄羅斯
15 圣保罗 MarginalPinheiros.jpg 12,038,000[36] [37] 1,081.05 11,199  巴西
16 西安 1 xian china wild goose pagoda view.JPG 12,002,000[38] 副省级[39] 10,135 1,184  中国
17 杭州 Hangzhou-yellow-dragon-stad.jpg 11,936,000[40] 副省级 16,853.57[40] 708  中国
18 金夏沙 Kinshasa-Gombe, from CCIC.JPG 11,462,000[41][42] [43] 473.73[44] 24,195  刚果民主共和国
19 拉合尔 Kalma Underpass1.jpg 11,126,000[20] 502.55[41] 22,139  巴基斯坦
20 德里 Smog in Dehli edited.jpg 11,034,555[45] 461.83 23,893  印度
21 雅加达 Jakarta City Skyline.jpg 10,624,000[46] 特別首都地域[47] 661.50 16,060  印度尼西亞
22 东莞 Dongguan -03.jpg 10,615,000[48] 2,460 4,315  中国
23 郑州 10,136,000[49] [50] 7,567.18 1,339  中国
24 长沙 Furong square, changsha.JPG 10,047,900[51] [52] 11,820 850  中国
25 东京 Skyscrapers of Shinjuku 2009 January (revised).jpg 9,640,700[53] 大都會 627.57[53] 15,362  日本
26 首尔 Seoul (175734251).jpeg 9,588,711[54] 特別市 605.25[55] 15,843  韩国
27 哈尔滨 Kitayskaya Street.jpg 9,513,000[56][57] 副省级 56,308[58] 169  中国
28 佛山 Downtown of Guicheng.jpg 9,279,000[59][60] 3,797[61] 2,444  中国
29 南京 Nanjingpanorama001.jpg 9,314,700[62] 副省级 6,587.31 1,414  中国
30 瀋阳 Shenyang Qingnian Street.JPG 9,071,000[63] 副省级 12,980 699  中国
31 利马 City of Lima, Peru.jpg 8,894,000[64] [65] 2,672 3,329  秘魯
32 墨西哥城 Ciudad.de.Mexico.City.Distrito.Federal.DF.Paseo.Reforma.Skyline.jpg 8,875,000[66] 607.22[67] 14,616  墨西哥
33 伦敦 Canary Wharf Skyline 2, London UK - Oct 2012.jpg 8,825,001[68] 大都會[69] 1,572 5,614  英国
34 德黑兰 Towers in Tehran City at night.jpg 8,694,000[70] 大都會[71] 574.13[72] 15,143  伊朗
35 纽约 Above Gotham.jpg 8,622,698[73] [74] 786.30 10,966  美國
36 邦加罗尔 UB City.jpg 8,443,675[75] Metropolis 709 11,909  印度
37 达卡 GulshanDhaka.jpg 8,063,000[76] 337.54[77] 23,888  孟加拉国
38 宁波 Juncture of three main rivers in Ningbo China.jpg 8,005,000[78] 副省级 9,816.23 815  中国
39 波哥大 Centro-Internacional-Bogotá.jpg 7,963,000[79] [80] 428.26[81][82] 18,594  哥伦比亚
40 开罗 Kairo 001.jpg 7,740,000[83] [84] 302.56[85] 25,582  埃及
41 胡志明市 Một khúc sông Sài Gòn.JPG 7,431,000[86] 中央直辖市 453.60[86] 16,382  越南
42 香港 Hong Kong view from The Peak 01.jpg 7,298,600[87] 特别行政区[88] 1,104.43[89] 6,608 中华人民共和国香港
43 河内 Hanoi Cityscape.jpg 7,232,700[86] 中央直辖市 3,324.5[86] 2,176  越南
44 阿默达巴德 Amdavad Aerial.jpg 7,021,000[90] 351.21 19,991  印度
45 海得拉巴 MindSpace campus in Hyderabad, India.jpg 6,993,262[91] 651.75[92] 11,494  印度
46 巴格达 Haifa street, as seen from the medical city hospital across the tigres.jpg 6,793,000[93] [94] 424.53[95] 16,001  伊拉克
47 清奈 The first Hyatt Hotel in South India.jpg 6,727,000[96] 市法團[97] 426.51[98] 15,772  印度
48 利雅德 Riyadh North Skyline .jpg 6,694,000[99] [100] 410.97[101] 16,288  沙烏地阿拉伯
49 里约热内卢 Vista aérea Centro do Rio de Janeiro RJ.jpg 6,520,000[102] 751.44[103] 8,677  巴西
50 苏拉特 GauravPath1.jpg 5,868,000[104] 210.20[105] 27,916  印度
51 曼谷 The Baiyoke Tower II in Bangkok, Thailand.jpg 5,782,000[106] [107] 764.73 7,561  泰國
52 圣地亚哥 Santiago de Chile.jpg 5,561,000[108] [109] 595.49 9,339  智利
53 新加坡 Singapore CBD skyline from Esplanade at dusk.jpg 5,607,000[110] 602.75[110] 9,302  新加坡
54 汕头 China-shantou03.jpg 5,391,028[111] 2,064.42 2,611  中国
55 圣彼得堡 Poema u treh ozer.jpg 5,351,000[112] 直辖市 463.11[35] 11,554  俄羅斯
56 三蘭港 Dar Es Salaam Waterfront (34472394020).jpg 5,257,000[113] [114] 330.52[115] 15,905  坦桑尼亚
57 仰光 Downtown Yangon (2006).jpg 5,214,000[41] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[116] 598.75[117] 8,708  緬甸
58 约翰尼斯堡 Johannesburg CBD.jpg 4,949,000[118] 432.84 11,434  南非
59 阿必尚 Plateau Centre-est.jpg 4,765,000[41] Department/City District 2,119[119] 2,249  科特迪瓦
60 亚历山大港 Alexandria - Egypt.jpg 4,616,625[120] Governorate 2,300[121][122] 2,007  埃及
61 加尔各答 Calcutta skyline.jpg 4,496,694[123] 市法團 185 24,306  印度
62 安卡拉 Ankara and mosque wza.jpg 4,470,800[124] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[125] 1,910.92[126][127] 2,340  土耳其
63 吉萨 Giza Traffic.JPG 4,239,988[128] Governorate[129] 289.08 14,667  埃及
64 新北市 New Taipei Skyline 2019.png 4,007,814[130] 直轄市 2,052.57[131] 1,927  中華民國
65 洛杉磯 LA Skyline Mountains2.jpg 3,997,189[132] Municipality City[133] 1,213.85 3,276  美國
66 开普敦 Central Cape Town.jpg 3,740,026[118] Municipality City 2,444.97 1,530  南非
67 横滨 Minato Mirai In Blue.jpg 3,726,167[53] 437.49 8,517  日本
68 柏林 Berlin Bezirk Mitte 949-831-(118).jpg 3,671,000[134] 城市邦 891.75 4,117  德國
69 釜山 August Afternoon in Haeundae 2.jpg 3,590,000[135] 廣域市 347.49[135] 10,331  韩国
70 厦门 View of Urban Area of Amoy from Mount Riguangyan.jpg 3,531,347[136] 副省级 1,699 2,078  中国
71 吉达 Jeddeh4.jpg 3,456,259[137] Municipality City 1,765[138] 1,958  沙烏地阿拉伯
72 德本 VWestDurban.jpg 3,442,361[118] Municipality City 2,291.31 1,502  南非
73 喀布尔 Kabul central buildings - panoramio.jpg 3,414,100[139] Municipality City 275 12,415  阿富汗
74 卡萨布兰卡 CasablancaFAR.jpg 3,359,818[140] Prefecture 230 14,608  摩洛哥
75 合肥 Hefei Street Scene.jpg 3,352,076[141] [142] 838.52 3,998  中国
76 平壤 0322 Pyongyang Turm der Juche Idee Aussicht.jpg 3,255,388[143] 直辖市 2,113[144] 1,541  朝鲜
77 马德里 Madrid Cuatro Torres Business Area-2.jpg 3,207,247[145] Municipality City 605.77 5,294  西班牙
78 费萨拉巴德 Clock Tower Faisalabad by Usman Nadeem.jpg 3,203,846[20] City District 214 14,971  巴基斯坦
79 艾古莱尼 Germiston CBD.jpg 3,178,470[118] Municipality City 1,975.31 1,609  南非
80 奈洛比 NBO5.jpg 3,138,369[146] Capital District 694.9 4,829  肯尼亚
81 中山 Zhongshan City -02.jpg 3,121,275[147] 1,783.67 1,750  中国
82 浦纳 2 Pune Maharashtra India January 2014.jpg 3,115,431[90] 市法團 450.69 6,913  印度
83 阿迪斯阿贝巴 Addis Ababa City view.jpg 3,103,673[148] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[149] 526.99 5,889  衣索比亞
84 齋浦爾 World Trade Park Jaipur in 2012.jpg 3,073,350[90] 市法團 485 6,337  印度
85 布宜诺斯艾利斯 Buenos Aires - Puerto Madero 142.jpg 3,054,300[150] 自治市(Ciudad Autónoma 203 15,046  阿根廷
86 温州 Vue générale de Wenzhou.JPG 3,039,439[151] [152] 1,187.88 2,559  中国
87 仁川 Buildings in New Songdo City.jpg 3,002,645[153] 廣域市 328.55 9,139  韩国

参见[编辑]

[编辑]

  1. ^ Metropolitan Lagos consists 16 out of Lagos State's 20 LGA, which excludes: Badagry, Epe, Ibeju-Lekki and Ikorodu.[16]

参考资料[编辑]

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  149. ^ based on the districts of Akaki Kaliti-Sub City, Nefas Silk-Lafto-Sub City, Kolfe Keraniyo-Sub City, Gulele-Sub City, Lideta-Sub City, Kirkos-Sub City, Arada-Sub City, Addis Ketema-Sub City, Yeka-Sub City, Bole-Sub City considered "districts". [2014-01-29]. (原始内容存档于2014-02-14). 
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