国际和平局

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國際和平局诺贝尔奖得主
International Peace Bureau
IPB Logo.svg
簡稱IPB
標語裁軍促進發展(Disarmament for Development)
成立時間1891年,​131年前​(1891
類型NGO
目標獻給沒有戰爭的世界(Dedicated to a world without war)
坐標52°31′21″N 13°23′01″E / 52.522454°N 13.383641°E / 52.522454; 13.383641坐标52°31′21″N 13°23′01″E / 52.522454°N 13.383641°E / 52.522454; 13.383641
網站www.ipb.org

国际和平局(IPB:International Peace Bureau) 成立于1891年[1],是世界上最早成立的国际和平组织,1910年获得诺贝尔和平奖[2][3]。1913年,亨利·拉方丹也以国际和平局局長的身份获得诺贝尔和平奖[4][5]。截至2012年,共有12名国际和平局成员獲得诺贝尔和平奖[6]

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Over a Century of Peace-Making. International Peace Bureau. [2012-02-14]. (原始内容存档于2013-04-15).  引用错误:带有name属性“IPB history”的<ref>标签用不同内容定义了多次
  2. ^ Award Ceremony Speech (1910). Nobel Foundation. [2011-10-06]. (原始内容存档于2011-10-06). 
  3. ^ The Nobel Peace Prize 1910. Nobel Foundation. [2011-10-06]. (原始内容存档于2017-10-07). 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Lundestad, Geir. The Nobel Peace Prize, 1901–2000. Nobel Foundation. 2001-03-15 [2011-10-06]. (原始内容存档于2013-05-30).  引用错误:带有name属性“Lundestad”的<ref>标签用不同内容定义了多次
  5. ^ The Nobel Peace Prize 1913. Nobel Foundation. [2011-10-06]. (原始内容存档于2018-01-19). 
  6. ^ IPB Nobel Prize Winners. Nobel Foundation. [2011-10-06]. (原始内容存档于2012-07-18). .
  7. ^ Award Ceremony Speech (1910). Nobel Foundation. [2011-10-06]. 
  8. ^ The Nobel Peace Prize 1910. Nobel Foundation. [2011-10-06]. 
  9. ^ The Nobel Peace Prize 1913. Nobel Foundation. [2011-10-06]. 
  10. ^ IPB Nobel Prize Winners. Nobel Foundation. [2011-10-06]. (原始内容存档于2012-07-18). .
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 IPB - Who we are | IPB - International Peace Bureau. [2020-06-22] (美国英语). 
  12. ^ Homepage. demilitarize.org. [2020-06-22] (美国英语). 
  13. ^ IPB - Who we are | IPB - International Peace Bureau. [2020-06-22] (美国英语). 
  14. ^ Who We Are. Global Campaign on Military Spendin. International Peace Bureau. [November 6, 2018]. 
  15. ^ What We Do. Global Campaign on Military Spendin. International Peace Bureau. [November 6, 2018]. 
  16. ^ GCOMS (Global Campaign on Military Spending). Centre Delàs. Centre Delàs. [November 6, 2018]. 
  17. ^ Who we are -. demilitarize.org. [2020-06-22] (美国英语). 
  18. ^ Nuclear Weapons | IPB – International Peace Bureau. [2020-06-22] (美国英语). 
  19. ^ 19.0 19.1 Sean MacBride Peace Prize. International Peace Bureau. International Peace Bureau. [November 6, 2018]. 
  20. ^ 20.0 20.1 IPB Unveils the Winners of Séan MacBride Peace Prize 2017. Centre Delàs. Centre Delàs. September 7, 2017 [November 6, 2018]. 
  21. ^ Nordlinger, Jay. Peace, They Say: A History of the Nobel Peace Prize, the Most Famous and Controversial Prize in the World需要免费注册. Encounter. 2012: 221. 
  22. ^ International Peace Bureau Awards Sean MacBride Peace Prize 2013. Pax Christi International. Pax Christi International. [November 6, 2018]. 
  23. ^ Bosnian wins MacBride prize. The Irish Times (Dublin). August 27, 1996 [November 7, 2018]. 
  24. ^ MacBride Prize for Hume. The Irish Times (Dublin). October 14, 1998 [November 7, 2018]. 
  25. ^ Barbara Gladysch erhält den MacBride-Friedenspreis 1999 [Barbara Gladysch receives the MacBride Peace Prize 1999]. Peace Forum (Bonn: Netzwerk Friedenskooperative (Network of the German Peace Movement)). Winter 1999 [November 7, 2018] (德语). 
  26. ^ Peace Bureau to Award MacBride Prize to Indian Anti-Nuclear Activists. [7 November 2018]. (原始内容存档于25 February 2004). 
  27. ^ Peace Bureau Awards Prize to Dr Rosalie Bertell. CADU News (Campaign Against Depleted Uranium). Winter 2001 [November 7, 2018]. 
  28. ^ Irwin, Abrams; Gungwu, Wang. Iraq War and Its Consequences, The: Thoughts of Nobel Peace Laureates and Eminent Scholars. World Scientific. 2003: 131. ISBN 9789814338103. 
  29. ^ Mayors for Peace Receives Sean MacBride Peace Prize Awarded by the International Peace Bureau(IPB). Mayors for Peace. Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation. [November 7, 2018]. 
  30. ^ UNU Council Chair Dhanapala Wins IPB Peace Prize. United Nations University. United Nations University. September 2007 [November 7, 2018]. 
  31. ^ Ms.Jacqueline Cabasso, the Mayors for Peace Coordinator in North America won 2008 Sean MacBride Peace Prize. Mayors for Peace. Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation. n.d. [November 7, 2018]. 
  32. ^ International Peace Bureau Awards Pioneering Peace Educator, Dr. Betty A. Reardon, the 2009 Sean MacBride Peace Prize. [2018-11-07]. (原始内容存档于2010-07-13).  无效|url-status=bot: unknown (帮助)
  33. ^ Binalakshmi Nepram Receives Sean MacBride Peace Prize for 2010 in Oslo. Heinrich Böll Stiftung India. Heinrich Boell Foundation. September 23, 2010 [November 7, 2018]. 
  34. ^ Hanaa Edwar from the Iraqi Al-Amal Association Awarded the Sean MacBride Peace Prize 2011 by International Peace Bureau. [2018-11-07]. (原始内容存档于2012-08-15).  无效|url-status=bot: unknown (帮助)
  35. ^ International Peace Bureau awards the Sean MacBride PeacePrize 2011 to Hanaa Edwar (Iraqi women's rights and democracy activist) and Peter Becker (German anti-nuclear lawyer) (PDF). [2018-11-07]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2011-12-02).  无效|url-status=bot: unknown (帮助)
  36. ^ International Peace Bureau to Award 2012 Sean MacBride Peace Prize to Nawal El-Sadaawi (Egypt) and Lina Ben Mhenni (Tunisia). Action from Ireland. Action from Ireland. November 8, 2012 [November 6, 2018]. 
  37. ^ International Peace Bureau awards the Sean MacBride Peace Prize 2013 to US whistleblower Bradley Manning. Canadian Voice of Women for Peace. Canadian Voice of Women for Peace. July 23, 2013 [November 6, 2018]. 
  38. ^ MacBride Peace Prize to the Marshall Islands. Abolition 2000. Abolition 2000. August 5, 2014 [November 6, 2018]. 
  39. ^ International Peace Bureau to Award the 2015 Macbride Prize to Two Island Communities: Lampedusa (Italy) and Gangjeon Village, Jeju Island (S. Korea) (PDF). International Peace Bureau. International Peace Bureau. August 24, 2015 [November 6, 2018]. 
  40. ^ IPB to Award Sean MacBride Peace Prize 2016 to Colin Archer. Pressenza. Pressenza. November 11, 2016 [November 6, 2018]. 
  41. ^ Press Release: Seán MacBride Peace Prize 2018 (PDF). International Peace Bureau. International Peace Bureau. September 12, 2018 [November 11, 2018]. 
  42. ^ Sean MacBride Peace Prize | IPB - International Peace Bureau. [2020-06-23] (美国英语). 
  43. ^ Sean MacBride Peace Prize | IPB - International Peace Bureau. [2022-06-22] (美国英语). 
  44. ^ 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 44.4 44.5 44.6 Structure | IPB - International Peace Bureau. [2020-06-09] (美国英语). 
  45. ^ Nobel Peace Prize Laureates. International Peace Bureau. [2016-03-01]. (原始内容存档于2016-04-15). 
  46. ^ Structure | IPB – International Peace Bureau. [2020-06-22] (美国英语). 
  47. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1901-2000". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 1 Mar 2017. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/themes/peace/lundestad-review/index.html>

参考文献[编辑]

  • Gobat, Albert,《Développement du Bureau international permanent de la paix》(国际和平局发展史),Bern,1910年。
  • Herz, Ulrich,《The International Peace Bureau: History, Aims, Activities》(国际和平局:历史、目标、活动). Geneva,1969年。
  • From Nobel Lectures, Peace 1901-1925, Editor Frederick W. Haberman, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1972.
  • Gobat, Albert, Développement du Bureau international permanent de la paix. Bern, 1910.
  • Herz, Ulrich, The International Peace Bureau: History, Aims, Activities. Geneva, 1969.
  • From Nobel Lectures, Peace 1901-1925, Editor Frederick W. Haberman, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1972.

外部链接[编辑]