埃米爾·特奧多爾·科赫爾

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Emil Theodor Kocher
Emil Theodor Kocher.jpg
埃米爾·特奧多爾·科赫爾
出生(1841-08-25)1841年8月25日
 瑞士伯恩
逝世1917年7月27日(1917歲-07-27)(75歲)
 瑞士伯恩
知名于甲狀腺治療的發展
医疗生涯
行业外科醫生
机构伯恩大學
著名荣誉諾貝爾生理學或醫學獎(1909年)

埃米爾·特奧多爾·科赫爾Emil Theodor Kocher,1841年8月25日-1917年7月27日)出生於伯恩,是一位瑞士科學家。曾在蘇黎世、柏林、倫敦與維也納接受教育或進行研究,在1865年得到博士學位。

1909年,因為對甲狀腺的治療、生理學與病理學研究而獲得諾貝爾生理學或醫學獎

備註[编辑]

  1. ^ While the dissertation was published in 1866 and the HLS refers to 1866 as date of promotion and 1865 as date of completing his studies, all other sources point to 1865 as the date where Kocher obtained his doctorate
  2. ^ Choong (2009) claims that Kocher became assistant in Bern already in 1866 but according to Bonjour, Kocher was then still in Berlin
  3. ^ Several alternative spellings to Marie Witschi-Courant exist, for example Maria Witschi (ref hls), Witchi (ref choong2009), Witchi-Cournant (ref tan2008), Maria Witschi but in letters "Marie" (ref: Descriptor页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
  4. ^ The Bernese Burgerbibliothek give 1850–1925 as her living years and also Bonjour 1981 writes (pg 86) that she was nineteen in 1869 but does not give a date of death

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Kocher, Emil Theodor (1841–1917) in the Burgerbib. [6 December 2012]. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Koelbing, Huldrych M.F. Kocher, Theodor im Historischen Lexikon der Schweis. Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz. [6 December 2012]. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Gautschi, OP.; Hildebrandt, G.; Kocher, ET. Emil Theodor Kocher (25/8/1841-27/7/1917)--A Swiss (neuro-)surgeon and Nobel Prize winner.. Br J Neurosurg. Jun 2009, 23 (3): 234–236. PMID 19533456. S2CID 1622440. doi:10.1080/02688690902777658. 
  4. ^ Kocher, Jakob Alexander (1814–1893) in the Burgerbib. [6 December 2012]. 
  5. ^ 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.33 5.34 5.35 5.36 5.37 5.38 5.39 5.40 5.41 5.42 5.43 5.44 5.45 Bonjour, Edgar. Theodor Kocher. Berner Heimatbücher 40/41 2nd (2., stark erweiterte Auflage 1981). Bern: Verlag Paul Haupt. 1981 [1st. pub. in 1950 (http://d-nb.info/363374914)]. ISBN 978-3258030296 (德语). 
  6. ^ Bonjour, Edgar. Theodor Kocher. Schweizer Monatshefte : Zeitschrift für Politik, Wirtschaft, Kultur. 1950–1951, 30. doi:10.5169/seals-159844 (德语). 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 Choong, C.; Kaye, AH. Emil theodor kocher (1841–1917).. J Clin Neurosci. Dec 2009, 16 (12): 1552–1554. PMID 19815415. S2CID 13628110. doi:10.1016/j.jocn.2009.08.002. 
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 8.2 Kocher Biography on nobelprize.org. [6 December 2012]. 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Hildebrandt, G.; Surbeck, W.; Stienen, MN. Emil Theodor Kocher: the first Swiss neurosurgeon.. Acta Neurochir (Wien). Jun 2012, 154 (6): 1105–1115; discussion 1115. PMID 22492296. S2CID 12972792. doi:10.1007/s00701-012-1341-1. 
  10. ^ Tan, SY.; Shigaki, D. Emil Theodor Kocher (1841–1917): thyroid surgeon and Nobel laureate. (PDF). Singapore Med J. Sep 2008, 49 (9): 662–663. PMID 18830536. 
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 Gemsenjäger, Ernst. Milestones in European Thyroidology (MET) Theodor Kocher ( 1841–1917). European Thyroid Association. 2011 [6 December 2012]. (原始内容存档于9 January 2014). 
  12. ^ 12.0 12.1 Chiesa, F.; Kocher, ET. The 100 years Anniversary of the Nobel Prize Award winner Emil Theodor Kocher, a brilliant far-sighted surgeon.. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. Dec 2009, 29 (6): 289. PMC 2868208可免费查阅. PMID 20463831. 
  13. ^ 13.0 13.1 Morris, J. B.; Schirmer, W. J. The "right stuff": Five Nobel Prize-winning surgeons. Surgery. 1990, 108 (1): 71–80. PMID 2193425. 
  14. ^ Hintzsche, E. August Fetscherin (1849–1882), unjustly forgotten general practitioner. Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift. 1970, 100 (17): 721–727. PMID 4924042. 
  15. ^ 15.0 15.1 15.2 Schlich, Thomas. Die Erfindung der Organtransplantation: Erfolg und Scheitern des chirurgischen Organersatzes (1880–1930). Frankfurt/Main: Campus Verlag. 1998: 35–91 [5 December 2012]. ISBN 9783593359403. 
  16. ^ Ulrich, Tröhler. Towards endocrinology: Theodor Kocher's 1883 account of the unexpected effects of total ablation of the thyroid.. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation www.jameslindlibrary.org. [5 December 2012]. (原始内容存档于18 July 2013). 
  17. ^ Kocher, Theodor. Ueber Kropfexstirpation und ihre Folgen. Archiv für Klinische Chirurgie: 254–337. [6 December 2012]. (原始内容存档于19 May 2011). 
  18. ^ Schültke, Elisabeth. Theodor Kocher's craniometer. Neurosurgery (United States). May 2009, 64 (5): 1001–1004; discussion 1004–5. PMID 19404160. doi:10.1227/01.NEU.0000344003.72056.7F. 
  19. ^ Kocher, Theodor; Stiles, Harold Jalland. Text-book of operative surgery. London : Adam and Charles Black. 7 January 1895 [7 January 2018] –通过Internet Archive. 
  20. ^ Berühmte Berner und Bernerinnen - Emil Theodor Kocher. [6 December 2012]. (原始内容存档于29 November 2010). 
  21. ^ Whonamedit – Hayazo Ito. [6 December 2012]. 
  22. ^ Berchtold Weber: Historisch-topographisches Lexikon der Stadt Bern-Kochergasse 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期25 April 2009., 1976, retrieved 6. September 2010
  23. ^ Kreis, Georg. Bonjour, Edgar. HLS-DHS-DSS.CH. [7 January 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-01-07). 
  24. ^ "Kocher". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  25. ^ (2087) Kocher. [2022-08-05]. (原始内容存档于2020-08-20). 
  26. ^ Medical Definition of KOCHER'S FORCEPS. www.Merriam-Webster.com. [7 January 2018]. (原始内容存档于2016-08-10). 
  27. ^ MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY – FROM CRAFTS TO HIGH-TECH. www.swiss-medtech.ch. [10 May 2022]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-02). 
  28. ^ Kocher's Point. Operative Neurosurgery. [2020-08-22]. (原始内容存档于2022-06-19).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  29. ^ Niederle, B. Surgery of the Biliary Tract: Old Problems New Methods, Current Practice. Springer Science & Business Media. 2012-12-06: 36 [2022-08-05]. ISBN 978-94-009-8213-0. (原始内容存档于2021-11-25).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  30. ^ APA Dictionary of Psychology. American Psychological Association. [2020-08-22]. (原始内容存档于2018-04-27).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  31. ^ 31.0 31.1 31.2 Cadogan, Mike. Emil Theodor Kocher • Medical Eponym Library. Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog. 2020-03-01 [2020-08-22]. (原始内容存档于2021-12-06).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  32. ^ Kocher, Theodor – Biographical entry – Plarr's Lives of the Fellows Online. [29 December 2012]. (原始内容存档于2018-01-07). 

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