新約蒲草紙抄本列表

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蒲草紙抄本 P37的一面。

新約蒲草紙抄本是指被謄寫在蒲草紙上部份新約的複本。到目前為止,已經發現了超過120份像這樣的蒲草紙抄本,它們普遍被認為是新約聖經原文最早的證據。[1]

新約聖經抄本的重要性到了二十世紀才顯現。最初的分類是由Caspar René Gregory發明,賦予每份蒲草紙抄本一個哥特體字母,再加上數字編號。編號不是依據抄本的年代,而是依據登記的先後次序。[2] 在1900年以前,只有9份蒲草紙抄本已知,當中只有1份被引用(11,由康斯坦丁·馮·蒂申多夫)。這9份蒲草紙抄本當中,除了 15擁有完整的一面,其他抄本都是單獨的殘片。[3] 二十世紀的發現帶來了已知最早的新約聖經手稿片段。[4] Kenyon 在1912年發現了14份,[5] Aland在著作Kurzgefasste第一次出版時列舉了76份(1963年),1989年時已知有96份,2008年時已知有124份。到現在已知總共有129份蒲草紙抄本。

最重要的蒲草紙抄本是徹斯·貝蒂蒲草紙抄本, 45(徹斯·貝蒂蒲草紙抄本第一號)包含了福音書46徹斯·貝蒂蒲草紙抄本第二號)包含了保羅書信;以及47(徹斯·貝蒂蒲草紙抄本第三號)包含了啟示錄約翰書信。這些抄本的年代都是在三世紀以前。[2]

這些發現也使得抄本更完整,使學者們可以檢驗這些早期手稿的文本字符。[6]

不是所有的抄本都僅包含新約文本:59, 60, 63, 80 的文本附有注釋; 2, 3 和44 是經題; 50, 5578 是護符;而 42, 10, 12, 42, 43, 6299 屬於其他類的文本,如註腳、詞彙、歌曲。[7]

所有的蒲草紙抄本都有被Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece引用。

所有已編號的新約蒲草紙抄本[编辑]

  • P編號是格雷戈里 - 奧蘭標準系統。
  • 定年的估計結果以50年為級距呈現。
  • 內容以最接近的章節標示,有時候將經文列出。因為許多的蒲草紙抄本是小片段,而不是整個章節。例如, 包含約翰福音18章40節中的5節。
淡棕色底色的抄本屬於 Oxyrhynchus Papyri
淡青色底色的抄本屬於 Bodmer Papyri
淡粉紅色底色的抄本屬於 Chester Beatty Papyri
編號 年代 內容 研究機構 參考號碼 城市, 地區 國家
250 Matthew 1 University of Pennsylvania P. Oxy. 2; E 2746 Philadelphia
Pennsylvania
United States
550 John 12 National Archaeological Museum Inv. 7134 Florence Italy
600 Luke 7,10 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 2323 Vienna Austria
175-250 Luke 1-6 National Library of France Suppl. Gr. 1120 Paris France
250 John 1,16,20 British Library P. Oxy. 208. 1781; Inv. 782. 2484 London UK
350 John 10,11 National and University Library Pap. copt. 379. 381. 382. 384 Strasbourg France
300(?) Luke 4 Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine Petrov 553 Kiev Ukraine
350 Acts 4-6 Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Inv. 8683 Berlin Germany
250 1 John 4 Houghton Library, Harvard P. Oxy. 402; Inv. 3736 Cambridge
Massachusetts
United States
350 Romans 1 Houghton Library, Harvard P. Oxy. 209; Inv. 2218 Cambridge
Massachusetts
United States
550 1 Corinthians 1-7 Russian National Library Gr. 258A Saint Petersburg Russia
250 Hebrews 1 Morgan Library Pap. Gr. 3; P. Amherst 3b New York City United States
250 Hebrews 2-5,10-12 British Library
Laurentian Library
P. Oxy. 657; Inv. 1532 v
PSI 1292
London
Florence
UK
Italy
450 1 Corinthians 1-3 Saint Catherine's Monastery 14 Sinai Egypt
250 1 Corinthians 7-8 Egyptian Museum P. Oxy. 1008; JE 47423 Cairo Egypt
300 Philippians 3-4 Egyptian Museum P. Oxy. 1009; JE 47424 Cairo Egypt
350 Hebrews 9 Cambridge University Library P. Oxy. 1078; Add. 5893 Cambridge UK
300 Revelation 1 † British Library P. Oxy. 1079; Inv. 2053v London UK
400 Matthew 10-11 Bodleian Library P. Oxy. 1170; Gr. bibl. d. 6 (P) Oxford UK
250 James 2-3 † Princeton University Library P. Oxy. 1171; AM 4117 Princeton
New Jersey
United States
200 Matthew 12 Muhlenberg College P. Oxy. 1227; Theol. Pap. 3 Allentown
Pennsylvania
United States
250 John 15-16 † Glasgow University Library P. Oxy. 1228; MS 2-X.I Glasgow UK
250 James 1 † University of Illinois P. Oxy. 1229; G. P. 1229 Urbana, Illinois United States
350 Revelation 5-6 † Franklin Trask Library
Andover Newton Theological School
P. Oxy. 1230; OP 1230 Newton
Massachusetts
United States
350 Matthew 18-19 Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Inv. 16388 Berlin Germany
600 Romans 1 † (Joseph S) Bridwell Library
Southern Methodist University
P. Oxy. 1354 Dallas, Texas United States
250 Romans 8-9 † Cambridge University Library P. Oxy. 1355; Add. 7211 Cambridge UK
250 John 6 † Palestine Institute Museum
Pacific School of Religion
P. Oxy. 1596; Pap. 2 Berkeley
California
United States
250 Acts 26 † Bodleian Library P. Oxy. 1597; Gr. bibl. g. 4 (P) Oxford UK
250 1 Ths 4-5; 2 Ths 1 Ghent University Library P. Oxy. 1598; Inv. 61 Ghent Belgium
650 Romans 12 † John Rylands University Library P. Ryl. 4; Gr. P. 4 Manchester UK
200 Titus 1:11-15; 2:3-8 † John Rylands University Library P. Ryl. 5; G. P. 5 Manchester UK
= 550 Acts 7 † Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 17973, 26133, 35831, 39783 Vienna Austria
650 1 Co 16; 2 Co 5,10-11 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 39784 Vienna Austria
350(?) Matthew 25 Laurentian Library PSI 1 Florence Italy
550 John 3 Laurentian Library PSI 3 Florence Italy
300 Matthew 26 University of Michigan P. Mich. 137; Inv. 1570 Ann Arbor
Michigan
United States
300 Acts 18-19 University of Michigan P. Mich. 138; Inv. 1571 Ann Arbor
Michigan
United States
250 John 8 Green Collection P. Oxy. 1780; Inv. 8864 Oklahoma City
Oklahoma
United States
250 Romans 1-4,6,9 Institute for Papyrology
University of Heidelberg
P. Bad. 57; Inv. 45 Heidelberg Germany
750 Acts 17-22 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. K. 7541-48 Vienna Austria
700 Luke 1-2 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. K. 8706 Vienna Austria
600 Revelation 2,15-16 British Library Inv. 2241 London UK
600 Matthew 17-18,25 Metropolitan Museum of Art Inv. 14. 1. 527, 1 fol New York City United States
250 Mt 20-21,25-26; Mk 4-9,11-12;

Lk 6-7,9-14; Jn 4-5,10-11; Acts 4-17

Chester Beatty Library
Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
BP I
Pap. g. 31974
Dublin
Vienna
Ireland
Austria
200 Ro 5-6,8-16; 1 Co; 2 Co;

Gal; Eph; Php; Col; 1 Th; Heb

Chester Beatty Library
University of Michigan
BP II
Inv. 6238
Dublin
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Ireland
United States
250 Revelation 9-17 Chester Beatty Library BP III Dublin Ireland
250 Acts 23 Laurentian Library PSI 1165 Florence Italy
250 Ephesians 4-5 Yale University Library P. 415 New Haven
Connecticut
United States
300 Acts 8,10 Yale University Library P. 1543 New Haven
Connecticut
United States
400 Galatians 1 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2157 Oxford UK
125 John 18:31-33; 18:37-38 John Rylands University Library Gr. P. 457 Manchester UK
250 Matthew 26; Acts 9-10 University of Michigan Inv. 6652 Ann Arbor
Michigan
United States
500 James 2-3 Princeton University Library P. Princ. 15; Garrett Depots 7742 Princeton
New Jersey
United States
600 John 1 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 26214 Vienna Austria
500 Acts 1 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 19918 Vienna Austria
400 Acts 4-5 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 26020 Vienna Austria
= 550 Acts 15 † Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 17973, 26133, 35831, 39783 Vienna Austria
650 John 1-2,11-12,17-18,21 Morgan Library P. Colt 3 New York City United States
650 John 16-19 Morgan Library P. Colt 4 New York City United States
700 Ro 16; 1 Co 1,5; Php 3; Col 1,4;

1 Th 1; Tit 3; Phm

Morgan Library P. Colt 5 New York City United States
350 Matthew 11 Oslo University Library Inv. 1661 Oslo Norway
500 John 3-4 Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Inv. 11914 Berlin Germany
= 200 Matthew 3,5,26 Magdalen College
Fundación Sant Lluc Evangelista
Gr. 18
Inv. I
Oxford
Barcelona
UK
Spain
250 1 Thessalonians 1-2 Girolamo Vitelli Papyrological Institute PSI 1373 Florence Italy
200 John Bodmer library P. Bodmer II Cologny, Geneva Switzerland
650(?) 1 Corinthians 4-5 Russian National Library Gr. 258B Saint Petersburg Russia
250 Luke 22 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2383 Oxford UK
250 Matthew 2-3,11-12,24 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2384 Oxford UK
350 Matthew 19 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2385 Oxford UK
300 1 Peter; 2 Peter; Jude Bodmer library P. Bodmer VII, VIII Cologny, Geneva Switzerland
650 Matthew 25-26 Bodmer library P. Bodmer L Cologny, Geneva Switzerland
650 Acts; James; 1 Pe 1-3; 2 Pe 2-3;

1 Jo; 2 Jo; 3 Jo

Bodmer library P. Bodmer XVII Cologny, Geneva Switzerland
175-225 Luke 3-18,22-24; John 1-15 Vatican Apostolic Library P. Bodmer XIV, XV Vatican City Vatican City
550 John 4 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. G. 36102 Vienna Austria
200 Matthew 23 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2683 and 4405 Oxford UK
300 Jude Sackler Library P. Oxy. 2684 Oxford UK
650 Hebrews 10 Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Inv. 6774 Berlin Germany
250 John 3 Fundación Sant Lluc Evangelista Inv. 83 Barcelona Spain
350 1 Peter 2-3 Professor Sergio Daris, University of Trieste Inv. 20 Trieste Italy
400 Luke 7 National and University Library Gr. 2677 Strasbourg France
550 Matthew 20,23-24 Catholic University of Leuven Library P. A. M. Kh. Mird 16, 29 Leuven Belgium
550 Mark 2,6; John 5,17 Catholic University of Leuven Library P. A. M. Kh. Mird 4, 11 Leuven Belgium
400 Revelation 9-10 National and University Library Gr. 1028 Strasbourg France
350 Matthew 5 Institut für Altertumskunde页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
University of Cologne
Theol. 5516 Cologne Germany
250 Philemon Institut für Altertumskunde页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
University of Cologne
Theol. 12 Cologne Germany
350 Mark 2 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart Inv. 69.24 Milan Italy
350 Hebrews 6 Laurentian Library PL III/292 Florence Italy
150 John 18:36-19:1; 19:1-7 † Sackler Library P. Oxy. 3523; 65 6 B. 32/M (3-5)a Oxford UK
250 Acts 2:30-37;
2:46-3:2
Università degli Studi di Milano
Macquarie University
P. Mil. Vofl. Inv. 1224
P. Macquarie inv. 360
Milan
Sydney
Italy
Australia
300 Ephesians 1; 2 Thessalonians 1 Egyptian Museum PNarmuthis 69.39a/229a Cairo Egypt
450 John 13 † Girolamo Vitelli Papyrological Institute PSI 108 Florence Italy
500 Romans 6 Egyptian Museum P. Cair. 10730 Cairo Egypt
250 John 5 Laurentian Library PL II/31 Florence Italy
550 Matthew 3 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek Pap. K 7244 Vienna Austria
600 Luke 14 Chester Beatty Library BP XVII Dublin Ireland
150(?) Revelation 1 Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale P. IFAO inv. 237b Cairo Egypt
400 Glossary, words and phrases from:

Ro, 2 Co, Gal and Eph

Chester Beatty Library BP XXI (Ac. 1499), fol 11-14 Dublin Ireland
300 James 3-5 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4449 Oxford UK
250 Matthew 3-4 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4401 Oxford UK
300 Matthew 4 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4402 Oxford UK
200 Matthew 13-14 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4403 Oxford UK
150 Matthew 21:34-37; 21:43,45? Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4404 Oxford UK
500 Matthew 27-28 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4406 Oxford UK
250 John 1 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4445 Oxford UK
250 John 17 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4446 Oxford UK
250 John 17/18 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4447 Oxford UK
250 John 21 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4448 Oxford UK
300 Matthew 10:13-15,25-27 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4494 Oxford UK
250 Luke 17 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4495 Oxford UK
450 Acts 26-27 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4496 Oxford UK
250 Romans 2 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4497 Oxford UK
250 Hebrews 1 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4498 Oxford UK
300 Revelation 2-3,5-6,8-15 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4499 Oxford UK
600 Hebrews 2-3 Österreichische Nationalbibliothek P. Vindob. G 42417 Vienna Austria
400 2 Corinthians 7 University of Hamburg Inv. 1002 Hamburg Germany
250 Romans 15-16 Institut für Altertumskunde页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
University of Cologne
Inv. 10311 Cologne Germany
250 John 1 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4803 Oxford UK
350 John 1 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4804 Oxford UK
250 John 19 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4805 Oxford UK
400 John 21 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4806 Oxford UK
350 1 Corinthians 14-15 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4844 Oxford UK
550 2 Corinthians 11 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4845 Oxford UK
300 1 Peter 1:23-2:5; 2:7-12 Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4934 Oxford UK
350 Hebrews 13:12-13.19-20 Girolamo Vitelli Papyrological Institute PSI inv. 1479 Florence Italy
450 Acts 10-17 † Sackler Library P. Oxy. 4968 Oxford UK
600 John 9-10,12 Metropolitan Museum of Art Inv 14.1.527 New York City USA
250 1 Corinthians 7-10 Green Collection USA
300 Hebrews 9,19 Green Collection USA
250 Romans 9,22 Green Collection USA

所含內容統計[编辑]

新約書卷的蒲草紙抄本證據分布
新約書卷 總共 早期 新約書卷  總共 早期
馬太福音 23 11 提摩太前書 0 0
馬可福音 3 2 提摩太後書 0 0
路加福音 10 6 提多書 2 1
約翰福音 30 19 腓立門書 2 1
使徒行傳 14 7 希伯來書 8 4
羅馬書 10 5 雅各書 6 4
歌林多前書 8 3 彼得前書 3 1
歌林多後書 4 2 彼得後書 2 1
加拉太書 2 1 約翰一書 2 1
以弗所書 3 3 約翰二書 1 0
腓立比書 3 2 約翰三書 1 0
歌羅西書 2 1 猶大書 3 2
帖撒羅尼加前書 4 3 啟示錄 7 4
帖撒羅尼加後書 2 2

注釋: "早期" 抄本表示四世紀或更早以前的抄本,約有一半的蒲草紙抄本是"早期"抄本。有些抄本包含了新約全書以外的內容,因此以上統計的抄本數目並不能直接對應到抄本總數。[8]

參見[编辑]

列表
  • Categories of New Testament manuscripts
  • List of artifacts significant to the Bible
  • List of Egyptian papyri by date
  • List of New Testament uncials
  • List of New Testament minuscules
  • List of New Testament lectionaries
  • List of New Testament Latin manuscripts
  • List of New Testament Church Fathers
其他條目

注釋[编辑]

  1. ^ Nestle-Aland 1996
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Law 2012, p. 95
  3. ^ Aland 1996, pp. 83-84, 87
  4. ^ 52, 90, 98104 all dating to the 2nd century
  5. ^ Kenyon, F. G., Handbook to the Textual Criticism of the New Testament[1], London2, 1912, p. 129.
  6. ^ 66, 7275 of the Bodmer Papyri are notable in this regard.
  7. ^ Aland 1996, p. 85
  8. ^ NOT Aland 1996, p. 85

參考資料[编辑]

外部連結[编辑]