澳洲淡水鱷

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澳洲淡水鱷
化石时期:早更新世-现今[1]
Australia Cairns 18.jpg
保护状况
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
纲: 爬行纲 Reptilia
目: 鱷目 Crocodilia
科: 鱷科 Crocodylidae
属: 鱷屬 Crocodylus
种: 澳洲淡水鱷 C. johnstoni
二名法
Crocodylus johnstoni
Krefft, 1873[3]
Crocodylus johnstoni range.png
黑色部分為澳洲淡水鱷的分佈
異名[4][5]
  • Crocodilus johnsoni
    Krefft, 1873
  • Crocodilus (Philas) johnstoni
    Gray, 1874
  • Philas johnstoni
    Wells & Wellington, 1984
  • Crocodylus johnstoni
    Cogger, 2000

澳洲淡水鱷(學名:Crocodylus johnstoni)是一種中小型鱷魚,原產於澳洲。牠們的體型比同是住在澳洲、性情較兇猛的灣鱷細小得多。雖然在受威脅之下會襲擊人類,但牠們並沒有強大的咬合力以咬死人類。

分佈地[编辑]

澳洲淡水鱷出現在澳洲西部及北部,主要棲身於淡水濕地河流等。雖然牠們可以忍受海水,但沒有如灣鱷一樣的適應能力。成年的澳洲淡水鱷主要進食鳥類魚類兩棲類爬蟲類蝙蝠等小動物。

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Crocodylus johnsoni Krefft 1873 (crocodile). PBDB. 
  2. ^ 错误:使用{{Cite iucn}}时缺少“|id=”参数
  3. ^ Crocodylus johnstoni. ITIS. 
  4. ^ ... johnstoni means "of Johnstone", derived from the name of the first European to discover and report it to Krefft. Unfortunately Krefft misspelled the name "johnsoni " in his initial description and his subsequent correction was ignored until 1983 when the nomenclature was reviewed thoroughly by Hal Cogger (Cogger 1983). Although the majority of scientific literature, including all Australian Federal, State and Territory legislation has been using "johnstoni " correctly since then, the uncorrected version is still popular especially in the US on the basis of a later taxonomic review (King and Burke 1989) that ignored Cogger's revision. http://crocodilian.com/cnhc/csp_cjoh.htm页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆) Crocodilian Species List, Crocodylus johnstoni (KREFFT, 1873).
  5. ^ "Crocodylus johnsoni ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.