紐姆記譜法

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额我略圣咏垂怜曲的现代四线纽姆记谱。

紐姆記譜法或稱紐姆譜,是以“纽姆”为基本元素的记谱方式。纽姆“Neuma”源于希腊语“νεύμα neûma”意为记号、点头或举手示意的动作,二说源自“πνεύμα”意为气息,又或“νόμος”意为旋律。纽姆谱是一種早期的記譜法用于记录额我略圣咏,大約形成於9世紀,並且於10世紀發展出四線譜,到了12世紀,發展出標記音符時間長短的方法。

相關文獻[编辑]

  • Graduale triplex (1979). Tournai: Desclée& Socii. ISBN 2-85274-094-X, a special edition of the Graduale Romanum with chant notation in three forms, one above the other, for easy comparison: Laon, St. Gall, and square note
  • Liber usualis (1953). Tournai: Desclée& Socii.
  • Paléographie musicale, ISBN 2-85274-219-5, facsimiles of early adiastamatic chant manuscripts
  • Apel, Willi. Gregorian Chant. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. 1990. ISBN 0-253-20601-4. 
  • Constantin Floros, "Universale Neumenkunde" (Universal Theory of Neumes); three-volume covering all major styles and schools of neumatic musical notation in three major divisions: Byzantine, Gregorian and Slavic.* Hiley, David (1990). Chant. In Performance Practice: Music before 1600, Howard Mayer Brown and Stanley Sadie, eds., pp. 37-54. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. ISBN 0-393-02807-0
  • Hiley, David. Western Plainchant: A Handbook. Clarendon Press. 1995. ISBN 0-19-816572-2. 
  • Mahrt, William P. (2000). Chant. In A Performer's Guide to Medieval Music, Ross Duffin, ed., pp. 1-22. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-33752-6
  • McKinnon, James, ed. Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Prentice Hall. 1990. ISBN 0-13-036153-4. 
  • Wagner, Peter. (1911) Einführung in die Gregorianischen Melodien. Ein Handbuch der Choralwissenschaft. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel.
  • Wilson, David. Music of the Middle Ages. Schirmer Books. 1990. ISBN 0-02-872951-X. 

外部連結[编辑]