認知再建構

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認知再建構(Cognitive restructuring)是學習識別及質疑非理性或適應不良的思想(稱為認知扭曲)的心理治療方式[1]。認知扭曲包括有全有全無思考英语splitting (psychology)魔術性思維英语magical thinking、過度推論、放大英语Magnification (psychology)[1]情緒化推理,這些行為常出現在許多精神疾患[2]。認知再建構中包括許多策略,例如苏格拉底式的质疑、思想紀錄及引導想像英语guided imagery。像认知行为疗法(CBT)及理性情緒行為治療法英语rational emotive behaviour therapy(REBT)都有用到認知再建構。而不少研究也指出以認知再建構為基礎的療法有不錯的效果[3][4][5]

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參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Gladding, Samuel. Counseling: A Comprehensive Review. 6th. Columbus: Pearson Education Inc., 2009.
  2. ^ Ryan C. Martin; Eric R. Dahlen. Cognitive emotion regulation in the prediction of depression, anxiety, stress, and anger. Personality and Individual Differences英语Personality and Individual Differences. 2005, 39 (November 2005): 1249–1260. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2005.06.004. 
  3. ^ Cooper P.J.; Steere J. A comparison of two psychological treatments for bulimia nervosa: Implications for models of maintenance. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 1995, 33 (8): 875–885. doi:10.1016/0005-7967(95)00033-t. 
  4. ^ Harvey L.; Inglis S.J.; Espie C.A. Insomniacs' reported use of CBT components and relationship to long-term clinical outcome. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2002, 40: 75–83. doi:10.1016/s0005-7967(01)00004-3. 
  5. ^ Taylor S.; Woody S.; Koch W.J.; McLean P.; Paterson R.J.; Anderson K.W. Cognitive restructuring in the treatment of social phobia. Behavior Modification. 1997, 21 (4): 487–511. doi:10.1177/01454455970214006. 

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