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進行中武裝衝突列表

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正在發生戰爭或武裝衝突的地區[1],统计至2021年1月
  每年有至少10,000人喪生的武裝衝突
  每年有1,000至9,999人喪生的武裝衝突
  每年有100至999人喪生的武裝衝突
  每年有少於100人喪生的武裝衝突

以下是进行中武裝冲突列表,包括全世界范围内正在发生并持续造成因暴力而死亡的战争和武装冲突。在此表中可以查询到战争或冲突的名称、区域與造成的死亡人数。

注意:

  • 武装冲突包括政府或非政府的两个或两个以上有组织武装团体之间使用武装力量。
  • 死亡数字既包括平民伤亡也包括武装人员伤亡。
  • 曾发生过但已经不再造成人员伤亡的战争不在此列出,关于这些战争请参见历史上的战争列表
  • 列出的冲突在当前或过去的日历年中总计至少有100例累计死亡,并且至少有1例死亡。
  • 由于缺乏信息,致死总数可能不准确或不可用。带加号的数字表示最少死亡人数(例如455+表示至少有455人死亡)。
  • 没有因国家或准军事暴力而蓄意和系统性死亡的领土争端或抗议运动不被视为武装冲突。

2017年-2018年造成10,000人以上死亡[编辑]

以下列表中的冲突在今年或去年造成至少一万人直接暴力死亡。

始年 战事 大陆 国家 累计死亡人数 2017年死亡人数 2018年死亡人数
1978 阿富汗戰爭 (1978年至今) 亚洲  阿富汗 1,240,000-2,000,000[2] 13,997[3][4][5][6][7][8] 9,019[9]
2003 伊拉克战争 亚洲  伊拉克 268,000[10] 13,187[10] 2,139[9]
2006 墨西哥毒品戰爭 北美  墨西哥 126,000+[11][12][a] 14,771[13][b] 7,667[14]
2011 叙利亚内战 亚洲  叙利亚 185,984-498,593[15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24] 39,000[25] 12,344[9]

2017年-2018年造成1,000-9,999人死亡[编辑]

以下列表中的冲突在今年或去年造成1,000-9,999人直接暴力死亡。
乌普萨拉冲突数据计划Uppsala Conflict Data Program(UCDP)把一年內喪生人數達1,000人或以上的衝突列為戰爭。[26]

始年 战事 大陆 国家 累计死亡人数 2017年死亡人数 2018年死亡人数
1948 缅甸内战 亚洲  緬甸 130,000[27]-210,000[28] 6,700+[29][30][31][32] 37+[33][34]
1969 摩洛冲突 亚洲  菲律賓 120,000[35] 1,384[n 1] 11[n 2]
1973 奥罗莫冲突 非洲  衣索比亞 1,600-8,900[56] 1,011[57] 131[9]
1991 索马里内战 非洲  索馬利亞
 肯尼亚
500,000[58] 5,154[57][c] 1,143[9][59][d]
1998 尼日利亚族群冲突 非洲  奈及利亞 17,156[n 3] 1,097[57] 810[9]
2002 马格里布叛乱 非洲  阿尔及利亚
 布吉納法索
 利比亞
 马里
 尼日尔
 突尼西亞
17,649[61][64][57][65][66] 2,835[57][e] 575[9][f]
2003 达尔富尔战争 非洲  苏丹 178,363[67] 1,109[57] 13[9]
2009 博科圣地叛乱 非洲  奈及利亞
 喀麦隆
 尼日尔
 乍得
51,567+[68][69] 3,110[57][g] 620[9][h]
2011 利比亚危机 非洲  利比亞 29,859-42,253[61][70][71][66] 1,564[57] 210[9]
2011 也门危机 亚洲  葉門
 沙烏地阿拉伯
19,266[72][73][74][75][76][77]-45,766[78][79] 1,438+[80][81][i] 6,875[9][j]
2011 西奈半岛动乱 非洲  埃及 4,544+[61] 1,342[57] 299[9]
2011 南科尔多凡冲突 非洲  苏丹 7,000+[61][82] 1,225[57] 68[9]
2011 南苏丹种族暴力 非洲  南蘇丹
 衣索比亞
50,000-300,000[n 4] 3,646[57][k] 370[9][l]
2012 中非內戰 非洲  中非 7,200+[61] 1,723[57] 320[9]

2016年-2017年造成100-999人死亡[编辑]

以下列表中的冲突在今年或去年造成100-999人直接暴力死亡。

始年 战事 大陆 国家 累计死亡人数 2016年死亡人数 2017年死亡人数
1947 克什米尔冲突 亚洲  印度
 巴基斯坦
43,910[86]–47,000[87] 289[88][89] 158[90][91]
1948 俾路支斯坦冲突 亚洲  巴基斯坦
 伊朗
4,100+[92][93] 633[94] 143[95][96][m]
1960 泰國南部動亂 亚洲  泰國 6,543+[97] 116[98] 33[98]
1963 印度东北部冲突 亚洲  印度 25,000+[27] 160[99] 61[99]
1964 以巴冲突2021年以巴衝突 亚洲  巴勒斯坦
 以色列
24,000[100] 120[101][102] 29[101][102]
1964 哥倫比亞內戰 南美  哥伦比亚 220,000[103] 156[104] 12[105][106]
1967 纳萨尔毛派叛乱 亚洲  印度 13,832+[107][108] 433[109] 205[109]
1984 土耳其-库尔德冲突
  • 库土冲突 (2015年至今)
亚洲  土耳其
 伊拉克
 叙利亚
45,000+[n 5] 698
(2017年)[114][n]
266
(2018年)[115][9][o]
1988 纳戈尔诺-卡拉巴赫冲突 亚洲  亞美尼亞
 阿尔察赫
 阿塞拜疆
27,287+[n 6] 189–369[n 7] 21[n 8]
1989 巴基斯坦宗派主义 亚洲  巴基斯坦 5,457[146] 137[146] 123[146]
1989 孟加拉国内部冲突 亚洲  孟加拉国 1,432[147][148] 139[147][148] 65[147][148]
1995 奧加登叛亂 非洲  衣索比亞 1,400-11,000[56] 156[64] 27[57]
1996 民主同盟军叛乱 非洲  刚果民主共和国 3,144[61] 428[64] 45[57]
2004 基伍冲突 非洲  刚果民主共和国
 布隆迪
1,600,000[149] 607[64] 296[57][p]
2004 巴基斯坦西北部战争 亚洲  巴基斯坦 60,854[150] 643[151] 344[95]
2009 蘇丹游牧民族衝突 非洲  苏丹 5,000+[來源請求] 459[64] 116[57]
2009 北高加索叛亂 欧洲  俄羅斯 3,366[152] 202[153] 56[n 9]
2011 南北苏丹冲突 非洲  南蘇丹
 苏丹
1,500+[162]
2013 西奈半島動亂 非洲  埃及 670[61][163] 129[64] 52[57]
2013 RENAMO 叛乱 非洲  莫桑比克 327+[61][164] 108[64] 9[57]
2013 巴特瓦-卢巴冲突 非洲  刚果民主共和国 236[61] 108[64] 88[57]
2014 顿巴斯战争 欧洲  烏克蘭 10,090+[165][166] 902[167][168] 57[165][q]
2015 蒲隆地動亂 非洲  布隆迪 1,044[169] 461[64] 84[57]
2015 土耳其-伊斯蘭國衝突 亚洲  土耳其 339[170] 160[n 10] 39[175]
2016 卡穆伊納恩薩普叛亂英语Kamwina Nsapu rebellion 非洲  刚果民主共和国 678+ 160[64] 518[57][r]

2016年-2017年造成小于100人死亡[编辑]

以下列表中的冲突在今年或去年造成1-99人直接暴力死亡。

始年 战事 大陆 国家 累计死亡人数 2016年死亡人数 2017年死亡人数
1922 胡齐斯坦的阿拉伯分离主义 亚洲  伊朗 200–339[來源請求] 4[176][177] 3[178][179]
1946 伊朗的库尔德分离主义 亚洲  伊朗 13,100+–35,000[n 11] 74–149+[n 12] 9[194][195][196][197]
1963 巴布亞衝突 亚洲  印度尼西亞 150,000–400,000[n 13] 4[202] 1[203]
1969 菲律宾共产主义叛乱 亚洲  菲律賓 43,388+[204] 99[205] 39[206][38]
1975 卡宾达战争 非洲  安哥拉 30,000[207] 84[64] 52[57]
1980 秘鲁国内冲突 南美  秘魯 70,000[208] 10[209] 3[210]
1982 卡萨芒斯冲突 非洲  塞内加尔 5,000[211] 10[64]
1987 聖主抵抗軍叛亂 非洲  刚果民主共和国
 中非
 南蘇丹
 苏丹
100,000+[212] 39[64][s] 25[57][t]
1989 新疆衝突 亚洲  中华人民共和国 860+[100] 10[n 14] 11[n 15]
1999 伊圖里衝突英语Ituri conflict 非洲  刚果民主共和国 60,000+[218] 83[64] 28[57]
2004 尼日尔河三角洲冲突 非洲  奈及利亞 2,300+[219][220] 34[64]
2011 叙利亚内战对黎巴嫩的影响 亚洲  黎巴嫩 820+[來源請求] 24[n 16] 40+[n 17]
2015 突尼斯的伊斯兰国叛乱 非洲  突尼西亞 159+[來源請求] 82[64] 4[57]
2016 Pool War 非洲  刚果共和国 115 82[64] 33[57][235]

死亡人數(按國家)[编辑]

本节详细介绍了2014年、2015年和2016年各国与武装冲突有关的死亡人数。

2014年、2015年和2016年因為衝突死亡最多的15個國家的死亡人數。
2014[61][236] 2015[n 18] 2016[n 19]
排名 国家 死亡人数 国家 死亡人数 国家 死亡人数
1  叙利亚 76,021  叙利亚 55,219  叙利亚 49,742
2  南蘇丹 50,000[237]  阿富汗 36,345  伊拉克 23,898
3  伊拉克 24,000[10][238]  伊拉克 24,113  阿富汗 23,539
4  阿富汗 14,638  奈及利亞 10,677  墨西哥 12,224
5  奈及利亞 11,360  墨西哥 8,122  索馬利亞 5,575
6  墨西哥 7,504[239]  葉門 6,425  奈及利亞 4,684
7  巴基斯坦 5,496  巴基斯坦 4,612[240]  苏丹 3,891
8  烏克蘭 4,771  烏克蘭 4,344  南蘇丹 3,544
9  索馬利亞 4,447  索馬利亞 4,087  利比亞 2,865
10  苏丹 3,892  南蘇丹 3,258  土耳其 2,013
11  中非 3,347  苏丹 3,216  巴基斯坦 1,803
12  利比亞 2,825  埃及 2,836  埃及 1,707
13  以色列/ 巴勒斯坦 2,365  利比亞 2,706  刚果民主共和国 1,565
14  葉門 1,500  刚果民主共和国 1,699  葉門 1,375
15  喀麦隆 1,366  喀麦隆 1,429  衣索比亞 1,114
16  刚果民主共和国 1,235  尼日尔 986  烏克蘭 902
17  埃及 1,176  緬甸 881  印度 879

参见[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ 截至2015年有80,000人,或截至2013年有120,000人,加上2016/2017數字。
  2. ^ 55,691減去2016年終的40,920。
  3. ^ 4,969人在索馬里,185人在肯尼亞。
  4. ^ 1,102人在索馬里,41人在肯尼亞。
  5. ^ 129人在阿爾及利亞,93人在布基納法索,1564人在利比亞,926人在馬里,101人在尼日爾,32人在突尼斯。
  6. ^ 22人在阿爾及利亞,18人在布基納法索,210人在利比亞,314人在馬里,5人在尼日爾,6人在突尼斯。
  7. ^ 2,335人在尼日利亞,404人在喀麥隆,225人在乍得,145人在尼日爾。
  8. ^ 530人在尼日利亞,52人在喀麥隆,23人在乍得,15人在尼日爾。
  9. ^ 1,319人在也門,119人在沙特阿拉伯。
  10. ^ 6,171人在也門,699人在沙特阿拉伯。
  11. ^ 3,528人在南蘇丹,118人在埃塞俄比亞。
  12. ^ 全數在南蘇丹。
  13. ^ 133 in Pakistan, 10 in Iran
  14. ^ 652人在土耳其,46人在伊拉克,在敘利亞的人數歸入敘利亞內戰傷亡。
  15. ^ 242人在土耳其,24人在伊拉克,在敘利亞的人數歸入敘利亞內戰傷亡。
  16. ^ 296 in DRC, 0 in Burundi
  17. ^ Civilian casualties only
  18. ^ 517 in DRC, 1 in Angola
  19. ^ 19 in CAR, 13 in DRC, 7 in Sudan
  20. ^ 15 in CAR, 10 in DRC, 0 in Sudan

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  217. ^ Knife-wielding attackers kill five in China's Xinjiang: govt. [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2017-10-11). 
  218. ^ "Eastern DR Congo rebels to disarm"页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), BBC, Published: 2006/11/30 01:39:24 GMT, By Karen Allen, BBC News, Bunia
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  220. ^ ACLED Version 6 (1997–2015). [21 January 2016]. (原始内容存档于2016年1月18日). 
  221. ^ Lebanese Army kills 4 militants on northeast border. The Daily Star Newspaper – Lebanon. [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2016-01-07). 
  222. ^ Renewed fighting in Lebanon Palestinian refugee camp kills one. 路透社. 2 April 2016 [2017-07-09]. (原始内容存档于2019-05-19). 
  223. ^ Senior Fatah official, passer-by killed in explosion in south Lebanon camp. The Daily Star. 12 April 2016 [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2019-05-22). 
  224. ^ Bomb blast in Lebanon's Bekaa Valley kills one, wounds 11: Red Cross. Reuters. 31 August 2016 [2017-07-09]. (原始内容存档于2017-08-23). 
  225. ^ Lebanese Army Arrest Terrorists Involved in Attack on Military Post. Al Manar. 7 December 2016 [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2016-12-20). 
  226. ^ Explosion kills local official in northern Lebanon: NNA. Reuters. 28 December 2016 [2017-07-09]. (原始内容存档于2017-06-04). 
  227. ^ Daesh militant reported killed in Arsal. The Daily Star Newspaper – Lebanon. [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2017-10-12). 
  228. ^ Suspected Daesh militant killed in east Lebanon. The Daily Star Newspaper – Lebanon. [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2017-10-12). 
  229. ^ Daesh militant killed near northeast Lebanon border. The Daily Star Newspaper – Lebanon. [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2017-10-12). 
  230. ^ Syrian teenager shot dead in Arsal incident. The Daily Star Newspaper – Lebanon. [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2017-10-12). 
  231. ^ Hezbollah targets Daesh post along Lebanon's northeastern border. Press TV. [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2017-08-21). 
  232. ^ Death toll rises to 8 amid ongoing clashes in Lebanon's Ain al-Hilweh refugee camp. Ma'an News. [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2017-10-11). 
  233. ^ Lebanese Army Intensifies ‘Preemptive’ Strikes against Extremists in Arsal. Asharq Al-Awsat. (原始内容存档于2017-04-28). 
  234. ^ Lebanon: Army raids Arsal refugee camps, one killed. Al Jazeera. 30 June 2017 [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2019-05-14). 
  235. ^ Congo-Brazzaville : nouveaux accrochages, soldats tués… La traque du pasteur Ntumi s’enlise dans le Pool. 21 April 2017 [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2018-02-11) (法语). 
  236. ^ Death Toll in 2014's Bloodiest Wars Sharply Up on Previous Year (PDF). Project for the Study of the 21st Century. 17 March 2015 [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2016-03-04). 
  237. ^ South Sudan is dying, and nobody is documenting these deaths. 法新社. 11 March 2016 [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-13). 
  238. ^ Iraq 2014: Civilian deaths almost doubling year on year. Iraq Body Count. 1 January 2015 [2 January 2015]. (原始内容存档于2019-05-19). Combining the 17,000 civilian deaths recorded by IBC with the above wide range of combatant deaths of 4,000–30,000, suggests a total of between 21,000 and 47,000 people have been killed in war-related violence in Iraq during 2014. 
  239. ^ Leo Zuckermann – 25 meses del sexenio de Peña: 19,944 ejecuciones. Excélsior. [26 February 2015]. (原始内容存档于2015-02-23). 
  240. ^ Think tank reports: 2015 witnessed significant decline in violence. The Express Tribune. 2 January 2016 [2017-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2016-10-28). 

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