高功能自閉症

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高功能自閉症
症状人際關係交往困難,沟通障礙, 興趣受限,行爲重複。
併發症社會孤立,就業問題,家庭壓力,霸凌自我傷害[1]
常見始發於2到3歲[2][3]
病程長期
类型自閉症光譜, 自閉症
肇因基因英语Heritability of autism和環境因素
診斷方法根據行為和發展史
相似疾病或共病亞斯伯格症候群注意力不足過動症妥瑞症焦慮躁鬱症强迫症
治療行為治療, 言語治療, 精神药物[4][5][6]
藥物抗精神病藥英语Atypical antipsychotics, 抗抑郁药, 兴奋剂(相關症狀)[7][8][9]
分类和外部资源
醫學專科精神病学
ICD-10无值

高功能自閉症(英語:High-functioning autism,簡稱HFA),指智商中等或更高患者所患有的自閉症,該類自閉症患者多數具有語言能力,學習能力較佳、自閉傾向較不明顯;但語言理解與表達力、人際互動與聊天的能力仍有困難。

參見[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Autism spectrum disorder - Symptoms and causes. Mayo Clinic. [2019-07-13]. (原始内容存档于14 July 2019) (英语).  已忽略未知参数|url-status= (帮助)
  2. ^ NIMH " Autism Spectrum Disorder. nimh.nih.gov. October 2016 [20 April 2017]. (原始内容存档于21 April 2017).  已忽略未知参数|url-status= (帮助)
  3. ^ American Psychiatric Association. Autism Spectrum Disorder. 299.00 (F84.0). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. 2013: 50–59. ISBN 978-0-89042-559-6. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596. 
  4. ^ Myers SM, Johnson CP. Management of children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics. November 2007, 120 (5): 1162–82 [2019-05-24]. PMID 17967921. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-2362. (原始内容存档于2019-03-23).  已忽略未知参数|url-status= (帮助); 已忽略未知参数|doi-access= (帮助)
  5. ^ Sanchack, KE; Thomas, CA. Autism Spectrum Disorder: Primary Care Principles.. American Family Physician. 15 December 2016, 94 (12): 972–79. PMID 28075089. 
  6. ^ Sukhodolsky, DG; Bloch, MH; Panza, KE; Reichow, B. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety in children with high-functioning autism: a meta-analysis.. Pediatrics. November 2013, 132 (5): e1341–50. PMC 3813396. PMID 24167175. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-1193. 
  7. ^ Ji N, Findling RL. An update on pharmacotherapy for autism spectrum disorder in children and adolescents. Current Opinion in Psychiatry. March 2015, 28 (2): 91–101. PMID 25602248. doi:10.1097/YCO.0000000000000132. 
  8. ^ Oswald DP, Sonenklar NA. Medication use among children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. June 2007, 17 (3): 348–55. PMID 17630868. doi:10.1089/cap.2006.17303. 
  9. ^ Jaeggi, S. M.; Buschkuehl, M.; Jonides, J.; Perrig, W. J. From the Cover: Improving fluid intelligence with training on working memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2008, 105 (19): 6829–33. Bibcode:2008PNAS..105.6829J. PMC 2383929. PMID 18443283. doi:10.1073/pnas.0801268105. 

外部連結[编辑]

病友團體[编辑]