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CentOS

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CentOS
Centos full.svg
CentOS 7.0 GNOME.png
CentOS 7.0 運行 GNOME
开发者 CentOS
Lance Davis
作業系統家族 Unix-like (RHEL/Linux)
運作狀態 正作開發
源码模式 開放原始碼
初始版本 2004年5月14日 03:32:38 (UTC) (2004-05-14T03:32:38Z)
最新版本 7-1511(2015年12月14日,​4個月前​(2015-12-14
更新方式 yum
软件包管理系统 RPM
内核类别 整塊性核心
默认用户界面 GNOME/KDE
许可证 多重(GPL等)
官方網站 centos.org

CentOSCommunity Enterprise Operating System)是Linux發行版之一,它是來自於Red Hat Enterprise Linux依照開放原始碼規定釋出的原始碼所編譯而成。由於出自同樣的原始碼,因此有些要求高度穩定性的伺服器以CentOS替代商業版的Red Hat Enterprise Linux使用。兩者的不同,在於CentOS並不包含封閉原始碼軟體。CentOS 对上游代码的主要修改是为了移除不能自由使用的商标。[1]2014年,CentOS宣布与Red Hat合作[2],但CentOS将会在新的委员会下继续运作,并不受RHEL的影响[3]

CentOS和RHEL一样,都可以使用Fedora EPEL来补足软件。

處理器架構[编辑]

CentOS有下列處理器平台的版本:

  • Intel x86及相容架構(32位元)(CentOS 7 的32位元版本由AltArch SIG提供支援)[4]
  • Intel Itanium(64位元)(新版本不再支援)
  • x86-64 (AMD64和Intel 64,64位元)
  • PowerPC G3及G4(測試版)(新版本不再支援)
  • IBMeServer z系列及S/390大型主機(新版本不再支援)
  • 龙芯Loongson)采用的MIPS架构(32位、64位)[5]
  • AArch64(ARM架構中的ARMv8或ARM64,64位元)(由AltArch SIG提供支援)[6]


另外有限度的支援兩款舊型處理器:

版本[编辑]

CentOS版本號有兩個部份,一個主要版本和一個次要版本,主要和次要版本號分別對應於RHEL的主要版本與更新套件,CentOS採取從RHEL的原始碼套件來構建。例如CentOS 4.4構建在RHEL 4.0的更新第4版。

自2006年中,CentOS 4.4版本開始(前身為RHEL 4.0更新第4版),Red Hat采用了和CentOS完全相同的版本约定,例如:Red Hat 4.5。

發佈歷史[编辑]

資料來源為 CentOS WikiDistrowatch CentOS

版本 平台 RHEL 版本 發佈日期 RHEL 發佈日期
2 i386 2.1 2004-05-14[7] 2002-05-17[8]
3.1 i386, x86_64, ia64, s390, s390x 3 2004-03-19[9] 2003-10-23[8]
3.4 - Server CD i386, x86_64, ia64, s390, s390x 3.4 2005-01-23 -
3.7 i386, x86_64, ia64, s390, s390x 3.7 2006-04-11[10] -
3.8 i386, x86_64 3.8 2006-08-25[11] 2006-07-20
3.9 i386, x86_64, ia64, s390, s390x 3.9 2007-07-26[12] 2007-06-15
4 i386, x86_64, various 4 2005-03-09[13] 2005-02-14[14]
4.6 i386, x86_64, ia64, alpha, s390, s390x, ppc (beta), sparc (beta) 4.6 2007-12-16[15] 2007-11-16[16]
4.7 i386, x86_64 4.7 2008-09-13[17] 2008-07-24[18]
4.7 - Server CD i386, x86_64 4.7 2008-10-17[19] -
4.8 i386, x86-64 4.8 2009-08-21[20] 2009-05-18[21]
4.9 i386, x86-64 4.9 2011-03-02[22] 2011-02-16[23]
5 i386, x86_64 5 2007-04-12[24] 2007-03-14[25]
5.1 i386, x86_64 5.1 2007-12-02[26] 2007-11-07[27]
5.1 - LiveCD i386 5.1 2008-02-18[28] -
5.2 i386, x86_64 5.2 2008-06-24[29] 2008-05-21[30]
5.2 - LiveCD i386 5.2 2008-07-17[31] -
5.3 i386, x86_64 5.3 2009-03-31[32] 2009-01-20[33]
5.3 - Live CD i386 5.3 2009-05-27[34] -
5.4 i386, x86_64 5.4 2009-10-21[35] 2009-09-02[36]
5.5 i386, x86_64 5.5 2010-05-14[37] 2010-03-31[38]
5.5 - LiveCD i386, x86-64 5.5 2010-05-14[37] -
5.6 i386, x86-64 5.6 2011-04-08[39] 2011-01-13[40]
5.7 i386, x86-64 5.7 2011-09-13[41] 2011-07-21[42]
5.8 i386, x86-64 5.8 2012-03-07[43] 2012-02-21[44]
5.9 i386, x86-64 5.9 2013-01-17[45] 2013-01-07[46]
5.10 i386, x86-64 5.10 2013-10-19[47] 2013-10-01[48]
5.11 i386, x86-64 5.11 2014-09-30[49] 2014-09-16[50]
6 i386, x86-64 6 2011-07-10[51] 2010-11-10[52]
6.0 - LiveCD i386, x86-64 6.0 2011-07-25[53] -
6.0 - LiveDVD i386, x86-64 6.0 2011-07-27[54] -
6.0 - MinimalCD i386, x86-64 6.0 2011-07-28[55] -
6.1 i386, x86-64 6.1 2011-12-09[56] 2011-05-19[57]
6.1 - LiveCD i386, x86-64 6.1 2011-12-09[58] -
6.1 - LiveDVD i386, x86-64 6.1 2011-12-09[59] -
6.1 - MinimalCD i386, x86-64 6.1 2011-12-09[60] -
6.2 i386, x86-64 6.2 2011-12-20[61] 2011-12-06[62]
6.2 - LiveCD i386, x86-64 6.2 2011-12-20[63] -
6.2 - LiveDVD i386, x86-64 6.2 2011-12-20[63] -
6.2 - MinimalCD i386, x86-64 6.2 2011-12-20[61] -
6.3 i386, x86-64 6.3 2012-07-09[64] 2012-06-21[65]
6.4 i386, x86-64 6.4 2013-03-09[66] 2013-02-21[67]
6.5 i386, x86-64 6.5 2013-12-01[68] 2013-11-21[69]
6.6 i386, x86-64 6.6 2014-10-28[70] 2014-10-14[71]
6.7 i386, x86-64 6.7 2015-08-07[72] 2015-07-22[73]
7-1406 x86-64 7.0 2014-07-07[74] 2014-06-10[75]
7-1503 x86-64 7.1 2015-03-31[76] 2015-03-06[77]
7-1503-AArch64 AArch64 7.1 2015-08-04[78] 2015-03-06[79]
7-1503-i386 i386 7.1 2015-10-12[80] 2015-03-06[81]
7-1511 x86-64 7.2 2015-12-14[82] 2015-11-19[83]

按照CentOS 5和6 RHEL的生命週期策略與上游供應商的改變也將支持為10年。

支援時程[编辑]

發行版本 完整更新 維護更新
3 2006-07-20 2010-10-31
4 2009-03-31 2012-02-29
5 Q1 2014 2017-03-31
6 Q2 2016 2020-11-30
7 Q4 2019 2024-06-30

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ CentOS Project. About CentOS (英文). CentOS 2, 3, 4 and 5 are built from publicly available open source SRPMS; CentOS mainly changes packages to remove upstream vendor branding and artwork. 
  2. ^ CentOS Project joins forces with Red Hat. [2014-01-08]. 
  3. ^ CentOS Governance. [2014-01-08]. 
  4. ^ AltArch SIG: x86. 
  5. ^ 龙芯操作系统. [2014-12-02]. 
  6. ^ AArch64. 
  7. ^ John Newbigin. CentOS-2 Final finally released. 2004-05-14 [2008-06-01]. 
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 Red Hat. Red Hat Enterprise Linux Errata Support Policy. [2008-06-01]. 
  9. ^ Lance. CentOS 3.1 has now been released. 2004-03-19 [2008-06-01]. 
  10. ^ CentOS Team. CentOS 3.7 for all Architectures is released. 2006-04-11 [2008-10-21]. 
  11. ^ CentOS Team. CentOS 3.8 for i386 and x86_64 is released. 2006-08-25 [2008-10-21]. 
  12. ^ CentOS Team. CentOS 3.9 is released for i386 and x86_64. 2007-07-26 [2008-10-21]. 
  13. ^ DistroWatch.com. Distribution Release: CentOS 4. 2005-03-09. 
  14. ^ DistroWatch.com. Distribution Release: Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4. 2005-02-14. 
  15. ^ DistroWatch.com. Distribution Release: CentOS 4.6. 2007-12-16 [2008-11-10]. 
  16. ^ DistroWatch.com. Distribution Release: Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.6. 2007-11-16 [2008-11-10]. 
  17. ^ Johnny Hughes. CentOS 4.7 is released for i386 and x86_64. 2008-09-13 [2008-09-14]. 
  18. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux team. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.7 GA Announcement. 2008-07-24 [2008-09-14]. 
  19. ^ Karanbir Singh. CentOS 4.7 Server CD - i386 Released. 2008-10-17 [2009-01-23]. 
  20. ^ Johnny Hughes. CentOS 4 i386 and x86_64 release of CentOS-4.8. 2009-08-21. 
  21. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux team. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.8 GA Announcement. 2009-05-18 [2011-03-12]. 
  22. ^ Johnny Hughes. CentOS 4 i386 and x86_64 release of CentOS-4.9. 2011-03-02. 
  23. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux team. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.9 GA Announcement. 2011-02-16. 
  24. ^ Karanbir Singh. Release for CentOS-5 i386 and x86_64. 2007-04-12 [2008-06-01]. 
  25. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux team. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 Now Available. 2007-03-15 [2008-06-01]. 
  26. ^ Karanbir Singh. Release for CentOS-5.1 i386 and x86_64. 2007-12-02 [2008-06-01]. 
  27. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux team. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.1 General Availability Announcement. 2007-11-07 [2008-06-01]. 
  28. ^ Patrice Guay. CentOS 5 i386 - The CentOS-5.1 i386 Live CD is released. 2008-02-18 [2009-03-25]. 
  29. ^ Karanbir Singh. Release for CentOS-5.2 i386 and x86_64. 2008-06-24 [2009-02-03]. 
  30. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux team. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.2 General Availability Announcement. 2008-05-21 [2009-01-22]. 
  31. ^ Patrice Guay. CentOS 5 i386 - The CentOS-5.2 i386 Live CD is released. 2008-07-17 [2009-02-03]. 
  32. ^ Karanbir Singh. Release for CentOS-5.3 i386 and x86_64. 2009-04-01 [2009-04-01]. 
  33. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux team. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.3 General Availability Announcement. 2009-01-20 [2009-01-22]. 
  34. ^ [CentOS-announce] CentOS 5 i386 - The CentOS-5.3 i386 Live CD is released. CentOS mailing list. [2009-06-22].  Authors list列表中的|first1=缺少|last1= (帮助)
  35. ^ Singh, Karanbir. [CentOS-announce] Release for CentOS-5.4 i386 and x86_64. 21 Oct 2009 [2009-10-24].  参数|title=值左起第1位存在delete character (帮助)
  36. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux team. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4 GA Announcement. 2009-09-02 [2009-09-22]. 
  37. ^ 37.0 37.1 Singh, Karanbir. [CentOS-announce] Release for CentOS-5.5 i386 and x86_64. lists.centos.org. 14 May 2010 [2010-05-15].  参数|title=值左起第1位存在delete character (帮助)
  38. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 (Tikanga) announcement mailing-list. [rhelv5-announce] Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.5 GA Announcement. 2010-03-31 [2010-05-15].  参数|title=值左起第1位存在delete character (帮助)
  39. ^ Release for CentOS-5.6 i386 and x86_64. [2011-04-08]. 
  40. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.6 Now Available. [2011-01-13]. 
  41. ^ Release for CentOS-5.7 i386 and x86_64. 2011-09-13 [2011-09-13]. 
  42. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.7 Release Notes. [2011-07-21]. 
  43. ^ Release for CentOS-5.8 i386 and x86_64. 2012-03-07 [2012-03-08]. 
  44. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.8 Release Notes. [2012-02-21]. 
  45. ^ Release for CentOS-5.9 i386 and x86_64. 2013-01-17 [2013-01-17]. 
  46. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.9 Release Notes. [2013-01-07]. 
  47. ^ Release for CentOS-5.10 i386 and x86_64. 2013-10-19 [2013-10-19]. 
  48. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.10 Release Notes. [2013-10-01]. 
  49. ^ Release for CentOS-5.11 i386 and x86_64. 2014-09-30 [2014-09-30]. 
  50. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.11 Release Notes. [2014-09-16]. 
  51. ^ Release for CentOS-6.0 i386 and x86_64. 2011-07-10 [2011-07-10]. 
  52. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux team. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Now Available. 2010-11-10 [2010-11-10]. 
  53. ^ Karanbir Singh. Release for CentOS-6.0 LiveCD i386 and x86_64. 2011-07-25 [2011-07-25]. 
  54. ^ Karanbir Singh. Release for CentOS-6.0 LiveDVD i386 and x86_64. 2011-07-27 [2011-07-28]. 
  55. ^ Karanbir Singh. Release for CentOS-6.0 Minimal i386 and x86_64. 2011-07-28 [2011-07-29]. 
  56. ^ Release for CentOS-6.1 i386 and x86_64. 2011-12-09 [2011-12-09]. 
  57. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux team. Red Hat Delivers Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.1. 2011-05-19 [2011-05-19]. 
  58. ^ Karanbir Singh. Release for CentOS-6.1 LiveCD i386 and x86_64. 2011-12-09 [2011-12-10]. 
  59. ^ Karanbir Singh. Release for CentOS-6.1 LiveDVD i386 and x86_64. 2011-12-09 [2011-12-10]. 
  60. ^ Karanbir Singh. Release for CentOS-6.1 Minimal i386 and x86_64. 2011-12-09 [2011-12-10]. 
  61. ^ 61.0 61.1 Release for CentOS-6.2 i386 and x86_64. 2011-12-20 [2011-12-20]. 
  62. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux team. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.2 Release Notes. 2011-12-06 [2011-12-06]. 
  63. ^ 63.0 63.1 CentOS 6.2 Release Notes. 2011-12-20 [2011-12-20]. 
  64. ^ Release for CentOS-6.3 i386 and x86_64. 2012-07-09 [2012-07-09]. 
  65. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux團隊. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.3 Release Notes. 2012-06-21 [2013-06-21]. 
  66. ^ Release for CentOS-6.4 i386 and x86_64. 2013-03-09 [2013-03-09]. 
  67. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux團隊. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 Release Notes. 2013-02-21 [2013-02-21]. 
  68. ^ Release for CentOS-6.5 i386 and x86_64. 2013-12-01 [2013-12-01]. 
  69. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux團隊. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.5 Release Notes. 2013-11-21 [2013-11-21]. 
  70. ^ Release for CentOS-6.6 i386 and x86_64. 2014-10-28 [2014-10-28]. 
  71. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux團隊. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.6 Release Notes. 2014-10-14 [2014-10-14]. 
  72. ^ Release for CentOS Linux 6.7 i386 and x86_64. 2015-08-07 [2015-08-07]. 
  73. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux團隊. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.7 Release Notes. 2015-07-22 [2015-07-22]. 
  74. ^ Release for CentOS-7 on x86_64. 2014-07-07 [2014-07-07]. 
  75. ^ Red Hat Enterprisse Linux 7 Release Note. Red Hat. 2014-06-10 [2014-06-10]. 
  76. ^ Release for CentOS Linux 7 (1503 ) on x86_64. 2015-03-31 [2015-03-31]. 
  77. ^ Red Hat Enterprisse Linux 7.1 Release Note. Red Hat. 2015-03-06 [2015-03-06]. 
  78. ^ Release for CentOS 7 on AArch64. 2015-08-04 [2015-10-21]. 
  79. ^ Red Hat Enterprisse Linux 7.1 Release Note. Red Hat. 2015-03-06 [2015-03-06]. 
  80. ^ CentOS Linux 7 for 32-bit x86 (i386) Architecture. 2015-10-12 [2015-10-21]. 
  81. ^ Red Hat Enterprisse Linux 7.1 Release Note. Red Hat. 2015-03-06 [2015-03-06]. 
  82. ^ Release for CentOS Linux 7 (1511) on x86_64. 2015-12-14 [2015-12-14]. 
  83. ^ Red Hat Enterprisse Linux 7.2 Release Note. Red Hat. 2015-11-19 [2015-11-19]. 

外部連結[编辑]