按市區人口排列世界城市列表

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按市區人口排列世界城市列表的數據主要是根據2009年考克斯出版的《人口統計》。[1]市區面積和人口基本不是依照行政區,而是依照人口密集的城市群確定的,澳大利亞是根據每平方千米400人的密集區,美國是根據每平方英里1000人的密集區確定的。城市面積是根據衛星照片和地圖城市化情況確定的,有的也根據小面積的精確人口推算,美國、澳大利亞、加拿大法國英國有人口統計數據,印度的統計數據則沒有應用,因為這個數據是根據行政區域統計的,也包括廣大的農村人口,其數據來源按字母標示如下:

A: 根據國家權威統計數據;
B: 根據地圖或衛星照片估計的面積數據;
C: 根據聯合國NUTS-3、-4、-5統計的人口數據;
D: 根據聯合國城市化估計的城市群人口數據;
E: 根據國家權威統計的人口數據估計的城市群人口數據;
F: 其他方法估計的人口數據;
G: 根據最後統計數據和增長速度估計的人口數據;
H: 根據國家權威統計幾個區域的數據結合。

其中「A」和「H」的數據最為可靠,「C」數據一般也可靠,「D」和「E」的數據則不太可靠,「F」和「G」的數據誤差較大。

這個表和聯合國排列的城市群有一定的差別,因為聯合國的數據有的是行政區域的數據,而有的則是市區的,不太統一。

本列表對已經連在一起的城市群仍然分開排列,如對美國的波士頓-華盛頓城市帶日本太平洋工業帶,不同國家緊鄰的城市也分開排列,除非是勞動力可以越過國境自由流動,這種現象只有在歐盟中才存在(如法國的里爾比利時科爾特賴克)。

2012年市區人口超過2百萬的前30城市排列[編輯]

名次 城市 國家/地區 人口 面積 (km2) 密度
(/km2)
年增長率

(%/yr)

數據來源

人口/面積

1 東京東京都會區[2]  日本 36,700,000 7,835 4,684 0.11 C / B
2 雅加達[3]  印尼 23,345,000 2,720 8,580 2.39 F / B
3 首爾仁川[4]  韓國 22,547,000 1,943 10,120 0.05 C / B
4 德里[5]  印度 22,242,000 1,425 13,920 2.00 C / B
5 上海[6]  中國大陸 20,860,000 2,072 7,070 1.45 C / B
6 馬尼拉[7]  菲律賓 20,767,000 1,425 14,090 2.39 C / B
7 喀拉蚩[8]  巴基斯坦 20,711,000 881 10,970 2.55 G / B
8 紐約市[9]  美國 20,295,000 11,264 1,890 0.43 H / H
9 聖保羅[10]  巴西 20,186,000 2,590 7,530 0.72 C / B
10 墨西哥城[11]  墨西哥 19,463,000 2,137 8,700 0.55 C / B
11 北京  中國大陸 17,311,000 2,616 4,890 1.51 C / B
12 大阪(大阪都會區京阪神[12]  日本 17,011,000 2,720 6,360 0.03 C / B
13 孟買 [13]  印度 16,910,000 777 26,255 1.87 C / B
14 廣州佛山[14]  中國大陸 16,827,000 2,590 4,580 1.68 E / B
15 莫斯科[15]  俄羅斯 15,512,000 4,533 3,020 0.04 C / B
16 達卡[16]  孟加拉國 15,414,000 344 29,620 2.76 C / B
17 洛杉磯[17]  美國 14,900,000 5,812 2,570 1.14 H / H
18 開羅[18]  埃及 14,718,000 1,269 13,420 1.50 E / B
19 加爾各答  印度 15,250,000 984 15,500 1.85 A / B
20 布宜諾斯艾利斯[19]  阿根廷 12,925,000 2,590 4,990 0.41 A / B
21 伊斯坦堡  土耳其 11,330,000 1,256 9,020 1.03 E / B
22 里約熱內盧  巴西 12,043,000 1,580 7,220 0.54 C / B
23 深圳[14]  中國大陸 11,885,000 1,295 10,990 1.66 F / B
24 拉各斯[20]  奈及利亞 11,547,000 971 9,460 2.89 C / B
25 巴黎  法國 10,755,000 3,043 3,440 0.07 E / B
26 名古屋中京圈[21]  日本 10,027,000 3,302 2,810 0.11 C / B
27 芝加哥[22]  美國 9,121,000 5,952 1,580 0.63 H / H
27 利馬 秘魯 秘魯 9,121,000 648 12,210 1.01 C / B
29 金夏沙[23]  剛果民主共和國 9,046,000 622 13,730 4.31 D / B
30 天津 [24]  中國大陸 8,922,000 1,295 6,440 1.41 C / B

包括各國城市[編輯]

  • 中國(包括香港):31個
  • 美國(包括波多黎各):21個
  • 印度:15個
  • 巴西:10個
  • 日本、中華民國:5個
  • 德國、印度尼西亞、墨西哥、巴基斯坦、南非:各4個
  • 加拿大、哥倫比亞、義大利、韓國、土耳其、英國:各3個
  • 澳大利亞、埃及、伊朗、奈及利亞、波蘭、俄羅斯、沙烏地阿拉伯、西班牙、敘利亞、越南:各2個

注釋[編輯]

  1. ^ World Urban Areas (500,000+): Population, Density
  2. ^ Includes large areas of Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba and Saitama prefectures and small areas of Gunma, Tochigi and Ibaraki prefectures. Excludes urban areas of Utsunomiya (500,000; 88 km2) and Mito (500,000; 246 km2).
  3. ^ Various international sources limit their population estimates to DKI Jakarta itself (the natinal capital district). However, the urbanization of Jakarta extends into the regencies of Tangerang, Bekasi, Bogor and Karawang and the separate cities of Bekasi, Depok and Bogor. Demographia continues to use the 「Jakarta」 name instead of Jabodetabek because of its familiarity.
  4. ^ Includes satellite cities in Gyeonggi Province such as Suwon, Goyang, Seongnam, Bucheon and Ansan which are treated as separate urban agglomerations by the United Nations.
  5. ^ Includes Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Noida and Gurgaon.
  6. ^ Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Nanjing and Changzhou are treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Yangtze River Delta economic zone. Urban areas of Shaoxing (600,000; 254 km2) and Zhuji (500,000; 104 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Shaoxing, Kunshan-Taicang (875,000; 401 km2) within the prefectrual level city of Suzhou, Huangyan (500,000; 65 km2) and Taizhou (350,000; 41 km2) within the prefectrure-level city of Taizhou, Wuxi (1,650,000; 389 km2), Ningbo (1,505,000; 570 km2), Yangzhou (675,000; 49 km2), Jiaxing (675,000; 130 km2), Huzhou (645,000; 111 km), Nantong (605,000; 85 km2) and Zhenjiang (480,000; 36 km2) are also excluded.
  7. ^ The population is higher than other agglomeration estimates (such as the United Nations), tend to be limited to Metro Manila, which is a province level jurisdiction. The continuous urbanization of Manila extends outward into Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Rizal and Quezon provinces. The Demographia population estimate is a 「build-up」 of municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration).
  8. ^ The population is lower than other estimates (such as the United Nations), which include metropolitan area population not within the continuously developed urban area.
  9. ^ Demographia defines urban area of New York as a combination of New York–Newark, BridgeportStamford, New Haven, Trenton, Danbury and Hightstown urbanized areas. New York and Philadelphia (same with Philadelphia urbanized area) are treated as separate urban areas. Urban areas of Hartford (852,000; 1,216 km2), AllentownBethlehem (576,000; 750 km2), Springfield (574,000; 800 km2), Harrisburg (363,000; 540 km2), Poughkeepsie (352,000; 686 km2), Lancaster (324,000; 517 km2), Reading (240,000; 261 km2), Atlantic City (227,000; 313 km2), York (193,000; 307 km2), Waterbury (189,000; 254 km2) and NorwichNew London (173,000; 319 km2) are also excluded.
  10. ^ Excludes urban area of Santos (1,425,000; 207 km2).
  11. ^ Excludes urban areas of Toluca (1,250,000; 220 km2) and Cuernavaca (675,000; 171 km2).
  12. ^ Includes Nara and Himeji. United Nations estimates separate Osaka–Kobe and Kyoto and exclude both Nara and Himeji. Excludes urban area of Ōtsu (700,000; 389 km2).
  13. ^ Includes Kalyan, Bhiwandi and Panvel. A large part of the municipality of Mumbai is rural, composed of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park and thus not included in the urban area.
  14. ^ 14.0 14.1 Hong Kong in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Shenzhen are treated as separate urban areas because of the lack of freedom of labor movement without trade, immigration or customs barriers. Guangzhou–Foshan, Shenzhen and Dongguan are also treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Pearl River Delta economic zone. Likewise, urban areas of JiangmenXinhui (930,000; 130 km2) and Taishan (350,000; 21 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jiangmen, Huizhou–Huiyang (900,000; 93 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Huiyang, Zhuhai (530,000; 117 km2), Zhongshan (410,000; 130 km2) and Zhaoqing (310,000; 41 km2) as well as urban area of Macau (525,000; 23 km2) in the Macau Special Administrative Region are excluded. Population estimates for Shenzhen and Dongguan are based upon press and other reports on the actual popuation, since the national census excludes millions of residents who do not have permanent resident status.
  15. ^ The population estimate is suspect, due to the lack of readily available data for local areas outside the city jurisdiction (Moscow Oblast). Demographia is indebted to Richard Forstall, who has provided local authority area population data for portions of Moscow Oblast within the Moscow urban areas. Other estimates (such as the United Nations estimate) include only the municipality of Moscow, which includes only part of the urban footprint.
  16. ^ The population is lower than other estimates (such as the United Nations), which include metropolitan area population not within the continuously developed urban area. The Demographia population estimate is determined from accumulating smaller area population data from national census data within the urban footprint.
  17. ^ Combination of Los Angeles–Long BeachSanta Ana, RiversideSan Bernardino and Mission Viejo urbanized areas. Excludes urban areas of Oxnard (338,000; 196 km2), LancasterPalmdale (264,000; 234 km2), IndioPalm Springs (255,000; 255 km2), TemeculaMurrieta (230,000; 248 km2), Thousand Oaks (211,000; 223 km2), VictorvilleHesperia (200,000; 321 km2), Santa Barbara (196,000; 155 km2), Santa Clarita (170,000; 141 km2), Hemet (117,000; 108 km2) and Simi Valley (112,000; 70 km2).
  18. ^ Includes the Governorate of Al-Qahirah (Cairo) and the cities of Al-Jizah (Giza) and Shubra al-Khaymah (Shubra El-Kheima)
  19. ^ Excludes urban area of La Plata (675,000; 228 km2) which has been included in the 2007 edition (13,460,000; 2,979 km2 in total).
  20. ^ Higher population estimates are indicated by some source. The Demographia population estimate is determined from accumulating smaller area population data from the 2006 census. Excludes urban area of Ikorodu (525,000; 130 km2) within Lagos State.
  21. ^ Includes Toyohashi.
  22. ^ Combination of Chicago, Kenosha and Round Lake BeachMcHenryGrayslake urbanized areas. Excludes urban areas of Milwaukee (1,309,000; 1,261 km2), South Bend (276,000; 404 km2), Rockford (270,000; 360 km2), Elkhart (131,000; 201 km2) and Racine (130,000; 119 km).
  23. ^ Excludes urban area of Brazzaville (1,420,000; 142 km2) in the Republic of the Congo.
  24. ^ The population is lower than other estimates (such as the United Nations), which include metropolitan area population not within the continuously developed urban area. The Demographia population estimate is a 「build-up」 of sub-municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration). Excludes urban area of Tangshan (1,665,000; 277 km2).

外部連結[編輯]

參見[編輯]