- Consonants can be geminated, including /l/ (spelled as ll, but not pronounced as in Spanish) (Andrews 2003, p. 33).
- No Nahuatl word begins with /l/ or /ʔ/ (Andrews 2003, p. 29; Karttunen 1992, p. XI).
- Before e and i.
- All other cases.
- Before vowels.
- /n/ is Nahuatl's most weakly pronounced consonant (Lockhart 2001, p. 112).
- The Nahuatl /o/ is different from every English vowel, but the nearest equivalents are the vowel of coat (for most English dialects) and the vowel of saw.
- The only exception is vocative forms, in which case the final syllable is stressed.
- Andrews 2003, p. 655-658