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音素 转写 英语近似发音
ʔ h[2] "oh-oh"中间停顿部分
j y yellow
k qu,[3] c[4] scan
cu,[5] uc[4] squall
l l[2] leave
ɬ l (清辅音前) play; Welsh ll
m m man
n n[6] nose
p p span
s c,[3] z[4] sack
ʃ x shoe
t t stand
t͡ɬ tl somewhat cheer
t͡ʃ ch choo
t͡s tz cats
w hu[5], uh[4] witch
ʍ hu[5], uh[4] which (如 "hwich")
音素 转写 英语近似发音
a a bra
ā (长音的 a)
e e met
ē mate
i i city
ī see
o o go[7]
ō go
ˈ 主要发生在倒数第二个音节[8]
´ 提高音调来发音
例子: CVC-CVC-CV tlal-huac-tli
现代 变体
Huītzilopōchtli, xiuhpōhualli Vītzilopōchtli, xiuhpōvalli
huīpīlli, huei teocalli uīpīlli, uei teocalli
aztecah, azo, zaoc, za açtecah, aço, çaoc, ça
iyo, in, ipan, itzcuīntli yyo, yn, ypan, ytzcuīntli
cuahuitl, macuahuitl quahuitl, maquahuitl
tlahtohqueh tlàtòquê
  1. ^ Consonants can be geminated, including /l/ (spelled as ll, but not pronounced as in Spanish) (Andrews 2003, p. 33).
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 No Nahuatl word begins with /l/ or /ʔ/ (Andrews 2003, p. 29; Karttunen 1992, p. XI).
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Before e and i.
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 All other cases.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 Before vowels.
  6. ^ /n/ is Nahuatl's most weakly pronounced consonant (Lockhart 2001, p. 112).
  7. ^ The Nahuatl /o/ is different from every English vowel, but the nearest equivalents are the vowel of coat (for most English dialects) and the vowel of saw.
  8. ^ The only exception is vocative forms, in which case the final syllable is stressed.
  9. ^ Andrews 2003, p. 655-658