齿龈边近音

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齿龈边近音
l
国际音标编号 155
编码
HTML码 十进制 l
Unicode 十六进制 U+006C
X-SAMPA音标 l
ASCII音标 l
声音
龈后边音
齿边音

齒齦邊音( alveolar lateral approximant、dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants)是輔音的一種,用於一些口語中。齒齦邊音、齒邊音、和齒齦後邊音在國際音標的符號都是l,X-SAMPA音標的符號則是l

齒齦邊音基本上是一種濁音濁齒齦邊近音)。 清齒齦邊近音/l̥/這個發音,在藏緬語族很常見,但其他地區極罕見。 這一種清齒齦邊近音跟濁齒齦邊近音對立,發音方式差別在於發音的中途。 並沒有一種語言以本音跟清齒齦邊擦音 [ɬ]相對立。

特徵[编辑]

齒齦邊音的特徵:

  • 發音部位是齒齦,即舌尖抵住上齒齦脊發音。
  • 本輔音是口腔輔音(口音),表示發音時空氣從只從口裡流出。


此音見於漢語[编辑]

普通話中有此音,出現在字首,拼音以l表示,即注音符號ㄌ。

粵語中亦有此音,亦是出現在字首。留意許多有懶音的粵語使用者有時無法正確分辨字首的輔音[n]和[l],當遇上較難讀的[n]時會以[l]取代。


大部分用拉丁字母的語言都是以字母l來代表。如英語中的lip、last;法語的immeuble、anglais等。

此音見於其他語言[编辑]

韓語中,收尾音'ㄹ'、'ㄴ'緊接之後的子音'ㄹ',即為該音。例如:한라산(漢拏山)、골라("挑選"的使役語態)。

日語中的r,雖然常被非母語使用者讀成[l](兩者相差不算遠),但更正確的应为齒齦後邊閃音

软颚化齿龈边近音[编辑]

Dark L
ɫ
国际音标编号 209
编码
HTML码 十进制 l​ˠ
Unicode 十六进制 U+006C U+02E0
X-SAMPA音标 5 or l_G or l_?\
ASCII音标 l<vzd>
声音

软颚化齿龈边近音是齒齦邊音的一个变体,其国际音标符号[ɫ]也是由相应的齒齦邊音符号[l]中间再加一个波浪线组成。

參考文獻[编辑]

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