赛斯

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赛斯资料英语:Seth Material)是一系列的通灵记录与著作,由美国灵媒珍·罗伯兹从1963年开始口述给其丈夫,直至她于1984年逝世为止。赛斯资料据称是来自于一个叫做赛斯(Seth)的灵体,它已不再轮回。罗伯兹表示,赛斯借用她的身体,然后借由她的身体说话。[1]赛斯资料被认为是新时代(New Age)哲学的基石,在新时代运动圈里是第二次世界大战之后除了《奇迹课程》之外最具影响力的通灵作品。[2]哲学教授Jon Klimo在其书中表示,赛斯资料能将通灵的概念带入广大的公众阅听之中。[3]

其他的灵媒作者也陆续写了号称通灵自赛斯的资料,特别是在罗伯兹过世之后。这些作者有创立赛斯-荷米斯基金会(Seth-Hermes Foundation)的汤玛斯·马萨里(Thomas Massari),他说他早在1972年即与赛斯通灵,另一位灵媒作者琴·卢米斯(Jean Loomis),她是康乃狄克州宝瓶座中心(Aquarian Center)的主任。[4]美国各地出现了专门与赛斯资料共同合作的研究团队。[5]

芝加哥大学美国宗教史教授凯萨琳·阿勒本尼斯(Catherine L. Albanese)在1970年代指出,赛斯资料开启了美国全国上下关注通灵趋势的纪元,而且也是崛起的新时代运动自我认同的来源。[6]约翰·纽波特(John P. Newport)研究新时代思想对社会的冲击,指出赛斯资料的中心思想是每个人都能创造自己的实相(Reality,即境遇)。这是新时代运动里首次明确出现在赛斯资料里的基本概念。[7]根据布拉德利大学研究宗教的历史学者罗伯特·富勒(Robert C. Fuller),赛斯人格填补了心灵引导的角色,他称之为“非教会的美国灵性”(unchurched American spirituality),其主题涵盖了轮回业报自由意志、古代形上学的智慧、“基督意念”(Christ consciousness)。[8]

历史[编辑]

1963年晚期,珍·罗伯兹和其丈夫罗伯特·霸兹(Robert Butts)以通灵板为实验器材,撰写一本有关超感官知觉的书。[9]根据罗伯兹和霸兹,他们于1963年12月2日开始接收来自一男性人格的连贯信息,此人格后来被确认为赛斯。不久之后,罗伯兹说她在脑中聆听这些信息。她开始不用通灵板写下听到的信息,而她最后也舍弃通灵板不用了。直到1984年罗伯兹过世为止,这二十一年间她持续接收赛斯资料(但其中一年因病而空缺)。通灵时她会进入出神状态,据称代表了赛斯本人传达信息。[10]

根据罗伯兹的说法,赛斯人格形容自己是“不再聚焦物质的能量人格元素”[11],独立于罗伯兹的潜意识之外,虽然罗伯兹曾表达她对赛斯来历的怀疑[12],而且常说赛斯的的教导仅是“理论”[13]。赛斯人格说,他已完成了尘世的轮回,在毗邻的存在层次(或“实相系”、“宇宙”)对我们说法。赛斯人格形容自己是一位“教师”[14],又说赛斯资料的信息会交给每一代的人类[来源请求]

灵媒爱德加·凯西于出神状态时用古代的句法说话,且内容含糊不清。罗伯兹跟他不一样,当赛斯上身时,她的句法风格现代而内容清晰。赛斯附体时,罗伯兹经常坐在安乐椅上,偶尔吸烟、啜饮啤酒或葡萄酒。然后,她通常已记不得赛斯附体时的说法内容,因而要阅读听写纪录或让人告诉她赛斯说了什么[15]

概要[编辑]

赛斯资料的核心思想是以意识创造物质实相的理论为基础的[16],指出每个人都可以透过思想、信念和期许创造自己的实相[5][17][18][19][20],而且吾人在当下就可以通过威力之点(point of power)影响事物的变化。[18]

赛斯资料探讨的形上学概念包山包海,包括上帝的本质在内,说它“一切万有”(All That Is)[19][21],有时也会提到“多次元上帝”(The Multidimensional God)(现身于平行宇宙或可能存在的宇宙中)[22];物质实相的本质[22]宇宙的起源[21]基督的故事[8];灵魂的进化、死亡和重生的所有面向,包括轮回业报前世濒死经验、“护卫灵”(guardian spirits)、高升至“较高意识”的层次[8][18][20][23];生命的目的和善恶的本质;受苦的目的[20];多次元实相[24]、平行生命[5]、超个人层次[18][23]

自我的本质[编辑]

根据赛斯资料,整个自我或“存有”(entity)是完形的,由内在自我(inner self)和多种自我所构成。赛斯资料假定此一存有通过过去的存有(有形或无形的)而存在,同时也因所有当下的化身自我(incarnated selves)和可能存在的对应面而存在[5],而轮回则是赛斯资料的核心原则[23]

阿姆斯特丹大学荷米斯哲学教授福特·汉拿赫夫(Wouter Hanegraaff)表示,罗伯兹对自我本质的观点(以赛斯的身分)影响了其他的新纪元著者(他们有些人使用“较高自我”这个词指涉相同的概念),而且罗伯兹使用的术语也为某些著者所采用[25]。汉拿赫夫说,赛斯使用各种词汇诠释“自我”,包括“存有”(entity)、“全我”(whole self)、“超灵”((over)soul)[25]

实相[编辑]

赛斯资料说,所有的个体都创造了自身的境遇,并于共同的尘世环境经历境遇。这类似“责任承担”的教义。“你创造你的实相”这句话表达了这个概念[20],而此概念可能源自于赛斯资料。内在自我负责建构、维持个体的肉身和当下的物质环境,而外在自我的期许、态度和信念则决定了事件的开展。外在自我就是人类所认知的自己[18]

赛斯书探讨一个概念,即物质环境乃由个体占有者(包括动物在内)的内在自我所建构、维持[26]。内在自我在物质实相里投射出“整体”(en masse),而物质实相则充满了个体所需的能量。所有的事件也是以这种方式产生的[20]

著作集成[编辑]

  • Roberts, Jane (1966). How To Develop Your ESP Power. Publisher: Federick Fell. (Later retitled and reprinted as The Coming of Seth.) ISBN 978-0-8119-0379-0.
  • Roberts, Jane (1970). The Seth Material. Reprinted, 2001 by New Awareness Network. ISBN 978-0-9711198-0-2 .
  • Roberts, Jane and Robert F. Butts (1972). Seth Speaks: The Eternal Validity of the Soul. Reprinted 1994 by Amber-Allen Publishing. ISBN 978-1-878424-07-5.
  • Roberts, Jane (1974). The Nature of Personal Reality. Prentice-Hall. Reprinted 1994, Amber-Allen Publishing. ISBN 978-1-878424-06-8.
  • Roberts, Jane (1975). Adventures in Consciousness: An Introduction to Aspect Psychology. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-013953-5.
  • Roberts, Jane (1975). Dialogues of the Soul and Mortal Self in Time. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-208538-0. Poetry.
  • Roberts, Jane (1976). Psychic Politics: An Aspect Psychology Book. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-731752-3.
  • Roberts, Jane (1977). The "Unknown" Reality Vol. 1. Prentice-Hall. Reprinted 1997, Amber-Allen Publishing. ISBN 978-1-878424-25-9.
  • Roberts, Jane (1979). The "Unknown" Reality Vol. 2. Prentice-Hall. Reprinted 1997, Amber-Allen Publishing. ISBN 978-1-878424-26-6 .
  • Roberts, Jane (1977). The World View of Paul Cezanne: A Psychic Interpretation. ISBN 978-0-13-968859-1.
  • Roberts, Jane (1978). The Afterdeath Journal of An American Philosopher: The World View of William James. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-018515-0.
  • Roberts, Jane (1979). Emir's Education in the Proper Use of Magical Powers. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 978-1-57174-142-4. Children's literature.
  • Roberts, Jane (1979). The Nature of the Psyche: Its Human Expression. Prentice-Hall. Reprinted 1996, Amber-Allen Publishing. ISBN 978-1-878424-22-8 .
  • Roberts, Jane (1981). The Individual and the Nature of Mass Events. Prentice-Hall, ISBN 0134572599. Reprinted 1994, Amber-Allen Publishing, ISBN 978-1-878424-21-1.
  • Roberts, Jane (1995). The Oversoul Seven Trilogy. Amber-Allen Publishing. ISBN 978-1-878424-17-4. Edition: Paperback; May 1, 1995 (originally published as three separate books: The Education of Oversoul 7 (1973); The Further Education of Oversoul Seven (1979); Oversoul Seven and the Museum of Time (1984).
  • Roberts, Jane (1981). The God of Jane: A Psychic Manifesto. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 978-0-01-335749-0. Reprinted 2000, Moment Point Press. ISBN 978-0-9661327-5-5.
  • Roberts, Jane (1982). If We Live Again, Or, Public Magic and Private Love. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-450619-7. Poetry.
  • Roberts, Jane (1986). Dreams, Evolution and Value Fulfillment. Prentice-Hall, two volumes, ISBN 978-0-13-219452-5 and ISBN 978-0-13-219460-0.
  • Roberts, Jane (1986). Seth, Dreams and Projections of Consciousness. Stillpoint Publishing.
  • (1993). A Seth Reader. Vernal Equinox Press. Compendium edited by Richard Roberts. ISBN 978-0-942380-15-6.
  • Roberts, Jane (1995). The Magical Approach : Seth Speaks About the Art of Creative Living. Amber-Allen Publishing. ISBN 978-1-878424-09-9.
  • Roberts, Jane (1997). The Way Toward Health. Robert F. Butts (Foreword), Amber-Allen Publishing. ISBN 187842430.
  • Roberts, Jane (2006). The World View of Rembrandt. New Awareness Network. ISBN 978-0-9768978-2-8.
  • Roberts, Jane (1997 and after). The Early Sessions (Sessions 1 through 510 of the Seth Material). New Awareness Network. Edited by Robert Butts. Nine volumes. ISBN 978-0-9652855-0-6.
  • Roberts, Jane (2003). The Personal Sessions. New Awareness Network. Deleted session material. Seven volumes. ISBN 978-0-9711198-4-0.
  • Roberts. Jane. The Early Class Sessions. New Awareness Network. Two volumes.

他人撰写的赛斯书籍[编辑]

  • Watkins, Susan M. Conversations with Seth. Moment Point Press, 2005, 2006, two volumes. ISBN 978-1-930491-05-2 and ISBN 978-1-930491-09-0 (original version published: Vol. 1 (1980), Vol 2 (1981).
  • Dahl, Lynda Madden (1995). Ten Thousand Whispers. Moment Point Press. ISBN 978-1-889964-06-5.
  • Stack, Rick. Out-Of-Body Adventures : 30 days to the Most Exciting Experience of Your Life. Contemporary Books. ISBN 978-0-8092-4560-4.
  • Ashley, Nancy. Create Your Own Reality : A Seth Workbook. Prentice-Hall Press, 1984. ISBN 978-0-13-189127-2.
  • Ashley, Nancy. Create Your Own Happiness: A Seth Workbook. Prentice-Hall Press, 1988. ISBN 978-0-13-189226-2.
  • Ashley, Nancy. Create Your Own Dreams: A Seth Workbook. Prentice-Hall Press, 1990. ISBN 978-0-13-189382-5.
  • Norman Friedman. Bridging Science and Spirit: Common Elements in David Bohm's Physics, The Perennial Philosophy and Seth. Living Lake Books, 1994. ISBN 978-0-9636470-0-9.
  • Norman Friedman. The Hidden Domain: Home of the Quantum Wave Function, Nature's Creative Source. Woodbridge Group, 1997. ISBN 978-1-889964-09-6.
  • Susan M. Watkins. Speaking of Jane Roberts: Remembering the Author of the Seth Material. Moment Point Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-9661327-7-9.
  • Rich Kendall. The Road To Elmira. Rich Kendall Books, 2011. ISBN 978-0-9835776-0-7; ISBN 978-0-9835776-0-7.
  • (Soon to be published). Seth: The Ultimate Guide. New World View Publishing. Compendium edited by Paul Helfrich.

批评[编辑]

查尔斯·厄普敦(Charles Upton)在其专门批判新纪元运动的《敌基督的系统》(The System of Antichrist)一书中指称,罗伯兹多重化自我的作法实则出自对死亡的恐惧,而赛斯资料只不过是因误解基督教和东方宗教而来的。厄普敦也认为,“赛斯的教训里可以发现秘传教义的确切痕迹”[22]。特瑞·侯里(Terry Holley)、克尔文·毕斯那(E Calvin Beisner)和罗伯特·柏曼(Robert M Bowman Jr)所著的《占星学和灵媒现象》(Astrology and Psychic Phenomena)特别著重阐述东方神秘主义及其哲学所隐含的影响。他们说,“身为夫君的罗伯特·霸兹承认赛斯的想法和各类宗教、哲学乃至神秘教义之间都存在相似性。这些思想从近东、中东、到远东……例如,我们的确读了一些佛教、印度教、禅宗、道教的资料,更不要说萨满教、巫毒教和奥比巫术了。”[27]心理学家兼超心理学批判家詹姆斯·阿勒卡克(James E. Alcock)下结论:“从所有的赛斯思想来看,赛斯资料只能被看作是微不足道的。人们有的是时间和才能扮演好骗局的角色,但我们又无从分辨骗局的可能性和潜意识产物的可能性--不管怎么样,这些因素也没有足够的理由让我们考虑超自然力量介入的可能性。”[28]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Roberts, Jane. ESP Power. 2000; Stack, Rick. Out-Of-Body Adventures. 1988; Hathaway, Michael R. The Complete Idiot's Guide to Past Life Regression. 2003, p. 208; Watkins, Susan. Conversations With Seth, Book 2: 25th Anniversary Edition. 2006.
  2. ^ Talbot, Michael. The Holographic Universe, 1991; Hanegraff, Wouter J. New Age Religion and Western Culture: Esotericism in the Mirror of Secular Thought, SUNY Press, 1998, pp. 122–126; Hammer, Olav. Claiming Knowledge: Strategies of Epistemology from Theosophy to the New Age. BRILL, 2004, p. 342; Upton, Charles. The System of Antichrist: Truth and Falsehood in Postmodernism and the New Age. Sophia Perennis, 2005, pp. 169–173.
  3. ^ Klimo, Jon. Channeling: Investigations on Receiving Information from Paranormal Sources. North Atlantic Books 1998, p. 22.
  4. ^ Fuller, Robert C. Spiritual, But Not Religious: Understanding Unchurched America. Oxford University Press, 2001, p. 187; Newport, John P. The New Age Movement and the Biblical Worldview: Conflict and Dialogue. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing 1998, p. 165; Klimo, Jon. Channeling: Investigations on Receiving Information from Paranormal Sources. North Atlantic Books 1998, p. 62.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Larson, Bob. Larson's Book of World Religions and Alternative Spirituality. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. 2004, p. 484.
  6. ^ Albanese, Catherine L. A Republic of Mind and Spirit: A Cultural History of American Metaphysical Religion. Yale University Press 2007, p. 501.
  7. ^ Newport, John P. The New Age Movement and the Biblical Worldview: Conflict and Dialogue. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing 1998, p. 165.
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 8.2 Fuller, Robert C. Spiritual, But Not Religious: Understanding Unchurched America. Oxford University Press 2001, p. 60.
  9. ^ ESP Power, by Jane Roberts (2000) (introductory essay by Lynda Dahl). ISBN 978-0-88391-016-0
  10. ^ Other Lives, Other Selves: A Jungian Psychotherapist Discovers Past Lives, by Roger Woolger (1988). ISBN 978-0-553-34595-7
  11. ^ Chapter 1, Session 511, Seth Speaks: The Eternal Validity of the Soul, by Jane Roberts (1972).
  12. ^ Klimo, Jon. Channeling: Investigations on Receiving Information from Paranormal Sources. North Atlantic Books. 1998: 30. ISBN 1-55643-248-8. 
  13. ^ Chapter 10, The Seth Material, by Jane Roberts (1970).
  14. ^ Chapter 1, Session 511, and Chapter 2, Session 514, Seth Speaks: The Eternal Validity of the Soul, by Jane Roberts (1972).
  15. ^ Tyler, Paula J.; Fran Stagg. New Age Metaphysics: An Introduction for Young Adults. Ozark Mountain Publishing. 1987: 40. ISBN 0-9617920-0-0. 
  16. ^ Chapter 1, Seth Speaks, by Jane Roberts (1972); "Consciousness creates form. It is not the other way around".
  17. ^ Clarke, Peter Bernard. New Religions in Global Perspective. Routledge. 2006: 25. ISBN 0-415-25748-4. 
  18. ^ 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 Leskowitz, Eric D. Transpersonal Hypnosis: Gateway to Body, Mind, and Spirit. CRC Press. 1999: 107, 163, 173. ISBN 0-8493-2237-5. 
  19. ^ 19.0 19.1 Bruce, Alexandra. Beyond the Bleep: The Definitive Unauthorized Guide to What the Bleep Do We Know!?. The Disinformation Company. 2005: 116–117. ISBN 1-932857-22-2. 
  20. ^ 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 Wolf, Joachim. Understanding the Grand Design: Spiritual Reality's Inner Logic. Trafford Publishing. 2003: 136–7,163,176–8. ISBN 1-55395-567-6. 
  21. ^ 21.0 21.1 Hanegraaff, Wouter J. New Age Religion and Western Culture: Esotericism in the Mirror of Secular Thought. SUNY Press. 1998: 122–4,125,126. ISBN 0-7914-3854-6. 
  22. ^ 22.0 22.1 22.2 Upton, Charles. The System of Antichrist: Truth and Falsehood in Postmodernism and the New Age. Sophia Perennis. 2005: 169–173. ISBN 0-900588-38-1. 
  23. ^ 23.0 23.1 23.2 Neff, Joanna Neff. Soul Retrieval: Return to Wholeness. Trafford Publishing. 2003: 59, 63. ISBN 1-4120-1613-4. 
  24. ^ Brennan, Barbara Ann. Hands of Light. Bantam. 1987: 243. ISBN 0-553-34539-7. 
  25. ^ 25.0 25.1 Hanegraaff, Wouter J. New Age Religion and Western Culture: Esotericism in the Mirror of Secular Thought. SUNY Press. 1998: 214. ISBN 0-7914-3854-6. 
  26. ^ Session 610, The Nature of Personal Reality, by Jane Roberts (1974). ISBN 978-0-13-610576-3
  27. ^ Kole, Andre; E Calvin Beisner, Robert M Bowman Jr, Terry Holley Astrology and Psychic Phenomena Zondervan Publishing House 1989 ISBN 978-0-310-48921-4 p.51
  28. ^ Kole, Andre; E Calvin Beisner, Robert M Bowman Jr, Terry Holley Astrology and Psychic Phenomena Zondervan Publishing House 1989 ISBN 978-0-310-48921-4 p.52

外部链接[编辑]

参见[编辑]