仙人掌属

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索
 
仙人掌属
滨海生仙人掌(Opuntia littoralis var. vaseyi)
滨海生仙人掌Opuntia littoralis var. vaseyi
科學分類
界: 植物界 Plantae
(未分级) 被子植物分支 angiosperms
(未分级) 真双子叶植物分支 eudicots
(未分级) 核心真双子叶植物分支 core eudicots
目: 石竹目 Caryophyllales
科: 仙人掌科 Cactaceae
亞科: 圆扇仙人掌亚科 Opuntioideae
族: 仙人掌族 Opuntieae
屬: 仙人掌属 Opuntia
Mill.

参见正文

異名

参见正文

仙人掌属目前分类只包括约200[1]圆柱状仙人掌被单独分为一个圆柱仙人掌属Cylindropuntiais),其他圆筒状仙人掌如以前分在Austrocylindropuntia属、Corynopuntia属和Micropuntia中的种类都包括在本中。

仙人掌属植物一般具有扁平的绿色叶状,来完成光合作用退化成刺,有两种,一种大刺和另一种小刺毛,果实浆果,可以食用,作为水果,许多品种的叶状茎也可以作为蔬菜食用。仙人掌属植物多数生长在美洲,只有少数品种生长在其他热带地区。

主要品種[编辑]

在圓柱柱狀仙人掌(Cylindropuntia fulgida)前面的仙人掌屬植物
Opuntia diploursina near Lake Mead
Opuntia fragilis (little prickly pear)
Opuntia humifusa (Eastern prickly pear cactus) in bloom atop Sugarloaf Hill in the Hudson Highlands of New York State
Opuntia polyacantha (Panhandle prickly pear)

以前曾被列在仙人掌屬中,现在單獨分列的屬[编辑]

参考文献[编辑]

  • Behan, Jeff (1995): The bug that changed history. Boatman's Quarterly Rreview 8(2). HTML fulltext
  • Bwititi, P.; Musabayane, C.T. & Nhachi, C.F.B. (2000): Effects of Opuntia megacantha on blood glucose and kidney function in streptozotocin diabetic rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 69(3): 247-252. doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(99)00123-3 PMID 10722207 (HTML abstract)
  • Cota-Sánchez, J. Hugo (2002): Taxonomy, distribution, rarity status and uses of Canadian Cacti. Haseltonia 9: 17-25[2] PDF abstract
  • Frati-Munari, A.C.; Fernandez-Harp, J.A.; de la Riva, H.; Ariza-Andraca, R. & del Carmen Torres, M. (1983): Effects of nopal (Opuntia sp.) on serum lipids, glycemia and body weight. Archivos de investigacion medica 14(2): 117-125. PMID 6314922 [Article in English, Spanish]
  • Ott, Jonathan (1995): Ayahuasca Additive Plants. In: Ayahuasca Analogues: Pangaean Entheogens.
  • Pittler, Max H.; Verster, Joris C. & Ernst, Edzard (2005): Interventions for preventing or treating alcohol hangover: systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Brit. Med. J. 331(7531): 1515-1518. doi:10.1136/bmj.331.7531.1515 PMID 16373736 PDF fulltext
  • Portillo M., Liberato & Vigueras G., Ana Lilia (1988): Natural Enemies of Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus Costa): Importance in Mexico. Journal of the Professional Association for Cactus Development 3: 43-49. PDF fulltext
  • Rayburn, Keith M.D.; Martinez, Rey; Escobedo, Miguel; Wright, Fred & Farias, Maria (1998): Glycemic Effects of Various Species of Nopal (Opuntia sp.) in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Texas Journal of Rural Health 16(1): 68-76.
  • Trenary, Klaus (1997): Visionary Cactus Guide: Opunita [sic]. Retrieved 2007-OCT-15.
  • Wiese, Jeff; McPherson, Steve; Odden, Michelle C. & Shlipak, Michael G. (2004): Effect of Opuntia ficus indica [sic] on Symptoms of the Alcohol Hangover. Arch. Intern. Med. 164(12): 1334-1340. PDF fulltext

注释[编辑]

外部链接[编辑]