潮熱

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Hot flash
分类和外部资源
醫學專科 婦科學(Gynecology)

潮热(英語:hot flash)多发于女性更年期时,因為體內的雌二醇減少而引起臉紅、皮膚發紅(因發熱等原因)英语Flushing (physiology)的一种生理症狀。 導致潮熱的因素可能不只一種,然而常見的因素是:於更年期時,體內的荷爾蒙下降而引起。 遇到潮熱的人大多會感受到燥熱、多汗和心跳快速等,而且每次潮熱大概會持續2~30分鐘不等。


症狀和徵兆[编辑]

遇到潮熱的人(常見於處在更年期近更年期的人)大多會感受到燥熱、多汗心跳快速等。每次潮熱大概會持續2~30分鐘不等,且兩個潮熱的間隔可以趨近零秒。

嚴重的潮熱可能導致晚上睡眠品質變差,進而引起失眠、影響心情專注力、和其他生理問題。 出現在深夜的潮熱也被稱為「夜裡盜汗( "night sweats")」。這是因為雌激素在體內的濃度通常在深夜時分最低。有些女性可能遇到「夜裡盜汗( "night sweats")」但其他時候卻無潮熱發生的狀況。 [1]

年輕女性[编辑]

如果年輕女性遇到潮熱,則可能是腦下垂體出問題的徵兆,應該盡速至神經科求診。 如果是手術關係導致提前停經,則潮熱的強度可能會高於自然停經的女性且持續到自然停經的年紀。 [2]

男性[编辑]

男性出現潮紅的原因可能有很多。潮紅對男性來說可能是低睪丸素的徵兆。 [3] 另一個可能的徵兆則是:andropause英语andropause、或「男性更年期」。[4] 罹患前列腺癌睾丸癌的男性也可能遇到潮熱。在那些正在以抗雄激素治療的人來說,潮熱出現的機率也會大增,因為這會讓睪丸素的濃度降到與睪丸被閹割後睪丸素水平附近。[5] 例如太監等曾被閹割的人也較有可能遇到潮熱。 [6][7][8] 當然還有其他病症(ailment not aliment)可能導致男性潮紅。飲食也有可能在潮紅中扮演一個腳色。[4]

種類[编辑]

中醫觀點[编辑]

潮热中医学病症,发热起伏如潮水之涨退有时。 本症有虚实之分:实者为阳盛所致,如热病过程中,有日晡潮热、谵语、腹满而硬、脉沉实有力等症,治宜泄热、通腑为主;虚者为阴虚所致,如疲劳,有两颧发赤、手足心热、盗汗等,治宜滋阴清热。

針灸[编辑]

曾有建議指出针灸可以緩解出現在乳癌婦女或患有攝護腺癌(prostate cancer)男性的潮熱;然而其證據品質不高。(參見:Wikipedia:可靠來源_(醫學) [39][40]

参见[编辑]

  • 低血糖(Hypoglycemia)可能也會導致類似的症狀

参考资料[编辑]

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外部連結[编辑]