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美林猪笼草

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美林猪笼草
Nepenthes merrilliana lower pitcher.jpg
美林猪笼草的下位笼
保护状况
科学分类 编辑
界: 植物界 Plantae
演化支 被子植物 Angiosperms
演化支 真双子叶植物 Eudicots
目: 石竹目 Caryophyllales
科: 猪笼草科 Nepenthaceae
属: 猪笼草属 Nepenthes
种: 美林猪笼草 N. merrilliana
二名法
Nepenthes merrilliana
Macfarl. (1911)[1]
異名

同物异名

异物同名

美林猪笼草学名Nepenthes merrilliana)是菲律宾特有的热带食虫植物[6]其捕虫笼的大小可与马来王猪笼草N. rajah媲美,是猪笼草属中捕虫笼最大的猪笼草之一。[6][7]

美林猪笼草原产于棉兰老岛中北部和迪纳加特岛[7]薩馬島[8]附近。还不确定是否存在于棉兰老岛南部。[7]其生长于沿海森林地区的陡峭斜坡上[9],海拔为0至1100米。 [10]

美林猪笼草与苏里高猪笼草N. surigaoensis之间存在着密切的近缘关系,在很长一段时间内都被认为是该物种的同物异名[3]除此之外,美林猪笼草也与萨马岛猪笼草N. samar之间存在着密切的近缘关系。[11]

自然杂交种[编辑]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Macfarlane, J.M. 1911. New species of Nepenthes. Contributions from the Botanical Laboratory of the University of Pennsylvania 3(3): 207–210. (plates I–II)
  2. ^ Elmer, A.D.E. 1915. Nepenthaceae. [pp. 2785–2787] In: Two hundred twenty six new species—II. Leaflets of Philippine Botany 8: 2719–2883.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Danser, B.H. 1928. 26. Nepenthes Merrilliana MACF.. In: The Nepenthaceae of the Netherlands Indies. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg, Série III, 9(3–4): 249–438.
  4. ^ Jebb, M.H.P. & M.R. Cheek 1997. A skeletal revision of Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae). Blumea 42(1): 1–106.
  5. ^ Cheek, M.R. & M.H.P. Jebb 2001. Nepenthaceae. Flora Malesiana 15: 1–157.
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 夏洛特. 食蟲植物觀賞&栽培圖鑑. 台北: 商周出版. 2007: 60. ISBN 978-986-124-850-9. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 McPherson, S.R. 2009. Pitcher Plants of the Old World. 2 volumes. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 Robinson, A. 2012. Nepenthes merrilliana on Samar. Carnivorous Plants in the tropics, June 29, 2012.
  9. ^ Clarke, C.M., R. Cantley, J. Nerz, H. Rischer & A. Witsuba. Nepenthes merrilliana. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2000 [11 May 2006].  Listed as Vulnerable (VU D2 v2.3).
  10. ^ McPherson, S.R. & V.B. Amoroso 2011. Field Guide to the Pitcher Plants of the Philippines. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.
  11. ^ Cheek, M. & M. Jebb 2013. Nepenthes samar (Nepenthaceae), a new species from Samar, Philippines. Blumea 58(1): 82–84. doi:10.3767/000651913X673513
  12. ^ Mann, P. 1998. A trip to the Philippines. Carnivorous Plant Newsletter 27(1): 6–11.
  • Bauer, U., C.J. Clemente, T. Renner & W. Federle 2012. Form follows function: morphological diversification and alternative trapping strategies in carnivorous Nepenthes pitcher plants. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25(1): 90–102. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2011.02406.x
  • Beveridge, N.G.P., C. Rauch, P.J.A. Keßler, R.R. van Vugt & P.C. van Welzen 2013. A new way to identify living species of Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae): more data needed! Carnivorous Plant Newsletter 42(4): 122–128.
  • Cantley, R. 2000. Nepenthes of the Philippines. [video] The 3rd Conference of the International Carnivorous Plant Society, San Francisco, USA.
  • Cheek, M. & M. Jebb 2013. Nepenthes ramos (Nepenthaceae), a new species from Mindanao, Philippines. Willdenowia 43(1): 107–111. doi:10.3372/wi.43.43112
  • Co, L. & W. Suarez 2012. Nepenthaceae. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines.
  • (德文) Gronemeyer, T. 2008. Nepenthes auf den Philippinen – Ein Reisebericht. Das Taublatt 60(1): 15–27.
  • (德文) Gronemeyer, T. & V. Heinrich 2008. Wiederentdeckung von Nepenthes surigaoensis am Naturstandort auf den Philippinen. Das Taublatt 60(1): 28–33.
  • Kurata, S. & M. Toyoshima 1972. Philippine species of Nepenthes. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 26(1): 155–158. Abstract
  • Macfarlane, J.M. 1927. The Philippine species of Nepenthes. The Philippine Journal of Science 33(2): 127–140.
  • (印尼文) Mansur, M. 2001. Koleksi Nepenthes di Herbarium Bogoriense: prospeknya sebagai tanaman hias.PDF In: Prosiding Seminar Hari Cinta Puspa dan Satwa Nasional. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Bogor. pp. 244–253.
  • (德文) McPherson, S. & T. Gronemeyer 2008. Die Nepenthesarten der Philippinen Eine Fotodokumentation. Das Taublatt 60(1): 34–78.
  • Meimberg, H., A. Wistuba, P. Dittrich & G. Heubl 2001. Molecular phylogeny of Nepenthaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid trnK intron sequence data. Plant Biology 3(2): 164–175. doi:10.1055/s-2001-12897
  • (德文) Meimberg, H. 2002. Molekular-systematische Untersuchungen an den Familien Nepenthaceae und Ancistrocladaceae sowie verwandter Taxa aus der Unterklasse Caryophyllidae s. l..PDF Ph.D. thesis, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich.
  • Meimberg, H. & G. Heubl 2006. Introduction of a nuclear marker for phylogenetic analysis of Nepenthaceae. Plant Biology 8(6): 831–840. doi:10.1055/s-2006-924676
  • (日文) Oikawa, T. 1992. Nepenthes merrilliana Macf.. In: Muyū kusa – Nepenthes無憂草 – Nepenthes. [The Grief Vanishing.] Parco Co., Japan. pp. 58–59.

扩展阅读[编辑]

維基共享資源中有關美林猪笼草的多媒體資源 維基物種中有關美林猪笼草的數據