鑪的同位素

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主要的鑪同位素
同位素 衰變
丰度 半衰期 (t1/2) 類型 產物
261Rf syn 70 [1] >80% α 257Noennobelium-257
<15% ε 261Lrenlawrencium-261
<10% SF -
263Rf syn 15 分鐘[1] <100% SF -
~30% α 259Noennobelium-259
265Rf syn 1.0+1.2
−0.3
 分鐘
[2][3]
SF -
266Rf syn 23 ? SF -
267Rf syn 1.3 小時[1] SF -
←Lr103 Db105

同位素均具有放射性。

圖表[编辑]

符號 Z(p N(n 同位素質量(u 半衰期 衰變
方式
[4][n 1]
衰變
產物
原子核
自旋
激發能量
253Rf 104 149 253.10044(44)# 13(5) ms SF (51%) (various) (7/2)(+#)
α (49%) 249No
253mRf 200(150)# keV 52(14) µs
[48(+17−10) µs]
SF (various) (1/2)(−#)
254Rf 104 150 254.10005(30)# 23(3) µs SF (99.7%) (various) 0+
α (.3%) 250No
255Rf 104 151 255.10127(12)# 1.64(11) s SF (52%) (various) (9/2−)#
α (48%) 251No
256Rf 104 152 256.101152(19) 6.45(14) ms SF (96%) (various) 0+
α (6%) 252No
257Rf 104 153 257.102918(12)# 4.7(3) s α (79%) 253No (1/2+)
β+ (18%) 257Lr
SF (2.4%) (various)
257mRf 114(17) keV 3.9(4) s (11/2−)
258Rf 104 154 258.10343(3) 12(2) ms SF (87%) (various) 0+
α (13%) 254No
259Rf 104 155 259.10560(8)# 2.8(4) s α (93%) 255No 7/2+#
SF (7%) (various)
β+ (.3%) 259Lr
260Rf 104 156 260.10644(22)# 21(1) ms SF (98%) (various) 0+
α (2%) 256No
261Rf 104 157 261.10877(5) 68 s[5] α (76%) 257No 9/2+#
β+ (14%) 261Lr
SF (10%) (various)
261mRf 70(100)# keV 1.9(4) s[6] SF (73%) (various) 3/2+#
α (27%) 257No
262Rf 104 158 262.10993(24)# 2.3(4) s SF (99.2%) (various) 0+
α (.8%) 258No
262mRf 600(400)# keV 47(5) ms SF (various) high
263Rf 104 159 263.1125(2)# 11(3) min SF (70%) (various) 3/2+#
α (30%) 259No
264Rf 104 160 264.11388(39)# 1# h SF (various) 0+
265Rf[n 2] 104 161 265.11668(39)# 1.0 min[7] SF (various)
266Rf[n 3][n 4] 104 162 266.11817(50)# 10# h 0+
267Rf[n 5] 104 163 267.12179(62)# 1.3 h SF (various)
268Rf[n 3][n 6] 104 164 268.12397(77)# 1# h 0+

備註:畫上#號的數據代表沒有經過實驗的證明,只是理論推測而已,而用括號括起來的代表數據不確定性。

同位素列表
鐒的同位素 鑪的同位素 𨧀的同位素

註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ Abbreviations:
    EC: Electron capture
    SF: Spontaneous fission
  2. ^ Not directly synthesized, occurs in decay chain of 285Fl
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Discovery of this isotope is unconfirmed
  4. ^ Not directly synthesized, occurs in decay chain of 282Nh
  5. ^ Not directly synthesized, occurs in decay chain of 287Fl
  6. ^ Not directly synthesized, occurs in decay chain of 288Mc

参考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Sonzogni, Alejandro. Interactive Chart of Nuclides. National Nuclear Data Center: Brookhaven National Laboratory. [2008-06-06]. 
  2. ^ Ellison, P.; Gregorich, K.; Berryman, J.; Bleuel, D.; Clark, R.; Dragojević, I.; Dvorak, J.; Fallon, P.; Fineman-Sotomayor, C.; 等. New Superheavy Element Isotopes: . Physical Review Letters. 2010, 105 (18): 182701. Bibcode:2010PhRvL.105r2701E. PMID 21231101. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.182701.  参数|title=值左起第34位存在删除符 (帮助)
  3. ^ Utyonkov, V. K.; Brewer, N. T.; Oganessian, Yu. Ts.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Dmitriev, S. N.; Grzywacz, R. K.; Itkis, M. G.; Miernik, K.; Polyakov, A. N.; Roberto, J. B.; Sagaidak, R. N.; Shirokovsky, I. V.; Shumeiko, M. V.; Tsyganov, Yu. S.; Voinov, A. A.; Subbotin, V. G.; Sukhov, A. M.; Sabel'nikov, A. V.; Vostokin, G. K.; Hamilton, J. H.; Stoyer, M. A.; Strauss, S. Y. Experiments on the synthesis of superheavy nuclei 284Fl and 285Fl in the 239,240Pu + 48Ca reactions. Physical Review C. 15 September 2015, 92 (3). doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.034609. 
  4. ^ http://www.nucleonica.net/unc.aspx
  5. ^ http://flerovlab.jinr.ru/linkc/flnr_presentations/Mendeleev%20simposium/Tuerler.pdf
  6. ^ http://journals.aps.org/prc/pdf/10.1103/PhysRevC.83.034602
  7. ^ V. K. Utyonkov. Synthesis of superheavy nuclei at limits of stability: 239,240Pu + 48Ca and 249-251Cf + 48Ca reactions (PDF). Super Heavy Nuclei International Symposium, Texas A & M University, College Station TX, USA. March 31 – April 2, 2015.