匈人语

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匈人语
区域 来自于欧亚大草原后入欧洲
語言滅亡 公元453年
語系
未明,有可能是蒙语族
語言代碼
ISO 639-3 xhc

匈人语是历史上匈人所使用的语言。关于该语言的记录非常零散,只有留有少数单词。

与其他语言的关系[编辑]

楚瓦什语有关联。匈人语与其他语言的问题远未解决。 Otto Maenchen-Helfen的话很好地总结了这一问题:

"All we know of the language of the Huns are names. Our sources do not give the meaning of any of them... Only by a careful study of the literary context in which the names appear can we hope to bring the problem of the Hunnish language closer to its solution. Attempts to force all Hunnic names into one linguistic group are a priori doomed to failure. The number of Hun names which are certainly or most probably Turkish is small. In addition to the objective difficulties, subjective ones bedevil some scholars. Turkologists are likely to find Turks everywhere; convinced that all proto-Bulgarians spoke Turkish, Németh offered an attractive Turkish etymology of Asparuch; other Turkologists explained the name in a different, perhaps less convincing way. Now it has turned out that Asparuch is an Iranian name... Scholars of profound erudition were sometimes biased by Pan-Turkism..."

[1][2]

引用文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Otto J. Maenchen-Helfen. The World of the Huns: Studies in Their History and Culture. University of California Press, 1973
  2. ^ Otto Maenchen-Helfen, Language of Huns

相关文献[编辑]

  • Clark, Larry. 1998. "Chuvash." In: Johanson & Csató, pp. 434–452.
  • Gmyrya, L. 1995. Hun country at the Caspian Gate: Caspian Dagestan during the epoch of the Great Movement of Peoples. Makhachkala: Dagestan Publishing.
  • Golden, Peter B. 1998. "The Turkic peoples: A historical sketch." In: Johanson & Csató, pp. 16–29.
  • Heather, Peter. 1995. "The Huns and the End of the Roman Empire in Western Europe." English Historical Review 110.4–41.
  • Johanson, Lars & Éva Agnes Csató (ed.). 1998. The Turkic languages. London: Routledge.

外部鏈接[编辑]

  • The World of the Huns by Otto Maenchen-Helfen, University of California Press, 1973. Chapter: IX. Language