盧加諾

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卢加诺市镇厅

卢加诺(意大利語Lugano意大利语发音:[luˈɡaːno]德語:Lauis)是瑞士提契諾州的一個意大利语区城市,也是最南端的城市。人口63.583(2015年10月),面積26.2平方公里,是瑞士第九大城市,也是提契诺州最大的城市,同时也是意大利之外最大的意大利语聚集区。官方語言是意大利語。以瑞士芝士火鍋聞名於世。城市地处卢加诺湖,被卢加诺山脉所包围。

地名由来和城市盾徽[编辑]

卢加诺城市盾徽

地名第一次记录在804年,为Luanasco,在874年是改为Luano,直至1189年才改为Lugano。德语中名词变形为(不再使用) Lowens, Lauis, Lauwis [1][2]。该地名词根由来已无法考究,可能变化来源于 lucus "grove"[3],来自通俗拉丁语 lakvannus "lake-dweller"[4]和神话中Lugus[5]

市政的徽章图案是 Gules,银色十字在四个字母"L", "V", "G""A" (严格遵守这四个位置)。徽章图案发源于大约1200年。这四个字母是 Lugano 的缩写[6]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ History of the City. City of Lugano. [18 February 2009]. 
  2. ^ Lugano (commune)在線上《瑞士歷史辭典》中的德文法文義大利文版詞條。
  3. ^ Stefano Vassere, I nomi di luogo - L'origine del nome di Lugano 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期31 August 2011. (1993)
  4. ^ Gili-Vassere,[需要解释] 2000-2001, 33-37.
  5. ^ Lugus: a pan-Celtic god (The Shining One or The Shadowy One). 2013-05-18 [2017-07-03]. (原始内容存档于2013-05-18).  无效|dead-url=bot: unknown (帮助)
  6. ^ Lugano commune (Ticino canton, Switzerland). Flags of the World Website. [20 July 2012].  "Gastone Cambin in the armorial of the communes of Tessin says that there has been a lot of strange conjectures about the meaning of the letters LUGA. It is obvious that they are simply the abbreviation of Lugano as it is proved by the primitive coat of arms of the parish, and which is confirmed by documents from 18 October 1208 and 14 November 1209, preserved once in the monastery of Sant'Amborgio of Milan but now undiscoverable. Cambin never alludes to 'La Vera Giustizia Antica' in his approach of the coat of arms of Lugano and I'm inclined to think that the meaning quoted by Mr. Huber [who submitted this interpretation on 30 April 2002] has expanded recently but without solid background." Pascal Gross, 2 May 2002

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