- Megargee, Geoffrey P. (编). The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum encyclopedia of camps and ghettos, 1933–1945. Volume II: Ghettos in German-occupied Estern Europe. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 2009: 456–460. ISBN 978-0-253-35599-7.
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Last Updated: May 20, 2008.
- Aktion Reinhard. Treblinka Extermination Camp in the Generalgouvernement. Yad Vashem.
- The statistical data compiled on the basis of "Glossary of 2,077 Jewish towns in Poland" by Virtual Shtetl Museum of the History of the Polish Jews （英文）, as well as "Getta Żydowskie," by Gedeon, （波兰文） and "Ghetto List" by Michael Peters at www.deathcamps.org/occupation/ghettolist.htm （英文）. Accessed June 21, 2011.