比利时和法国的钟楼

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比利时和法国的钟楼
联合国教科文组织认定的世界遗产
World Heritage belfries map.svg
比利时和法国的钟楼
正式名稱
英文名稱* Belfries of Belgium and France
法文名稱* Beffrois de Belgique et de France
基本資料
國家  比利时 法国
编号 943
註冊類型 文化遺產
評定標準 文化遺產ii, iv
註冊歷史
註冊年份 1999年
拓展年份 2005年
其他
官方網頁 UNESCO(英文)
* 名稱依據世界遺產名錄註冊。
** 地區以聯合國教科文組織所劃分为准。


一个出自56座比利时法国钟楼(Belfry)的无与伦比的“合奏团”被UNESCO列入了世界遗产名录。它们被认为是历史上佛兰德及邻近地区的公民自封建和宗教影响下开始走向独立的建筑表现,此种独立导向一定程度的地方民主,在人类史上具有重大意义。

UNESCO1999年将比利时32座钟楼列入了其佛兰德瓦隆的钟楼(Belfries of Flanders and Wallonia)项下的名单。2005年,比利时瓦隆让布卢的钟楼以及法国最北部北部-加来海峡皮卡第大区的23座钟楼也被列入更名后的该项目的名单中。一个显而易见的遗漏是布鲁塞尔市政厅的钟楼,其实它已经随布鲁塞尔大广场被列入了世界遗产名录。

除了市民(civic)钟楼,或例如市政厅之类的明显提供类似服务的建筑外,该名录还包括了亦作瞭望塔和警钟塔使用的宗教建筑:安特卫普圣母主教座堂梅赫伦圣路茂狄主教座堂,以及位于祖时莱厄夫的圣良德教堂——所有这三座均位于比利时法兰德斯区


比利时
[编辑]

ID号对应的是来自UNESCO的ID 943/943bis完全列表中的顺序,见参考资料

Flanders[编辑]

Antwerp[编辑]

ID 943-002 Antwerp Cathedral of Our Lady
(圣母主教座堂)
ID 943-003 Antwerp City Hall
(市政厅)[1] 
ID 943-009 Herentals Former City & 'Laken'(Cloth) Hall
(原市政及布料厅)
ID 943-013 Lier City Hall and Belfry tower
(市政厅和钟楼)
ID 943-016 Mechelen St. Rumbolds Tower of the cathedral
(主教座堂的圣路茂狄塔) [2]
ID 943-015 Mechelen Old Cloth Hall with Belfry, oldest part of the present-day City Hall
(带钟楼的旧布料厅,今日市政厅最古老的部分) [3]

West Flanders[编辑]

ID 943-004 Bruges Belfry known as Halletoren (Tower of the Halls) and [Market] Halls
(名为Halletoren(厅塔)的钟楼和[市场]厅)
ID 943-006 Diksmuide City Hall and Belfry
(市政厅和钟楼)
ID 943-011 Kortrijk Belfry known as Halletoren (Tower of the Hall)
(名为Halletoren(厅塔)的钟楼) [4]
ID 943-014 Lo-Reninge (Lo) Former City Hall with Belfry, at present a hotel
(带钟楼的原市政厅,如今为饭店)
ID 943-017 Menen City Hall and adjacent Belfry
(市政厅及邻近钟楼)
ID 943-018 Nieuwpoort Grain Hall known as Stadshalle (City's [Market] Hall), with Belfry
(带钟楼的名为Stadshalle(城市的[市场]厅)的粮食厅)
ID 943-020 Roeselare City Hall, City's Market Hall, and Belfry
(市政厅,城市市场厅,和钟楼)
ID 943-022 Tielt Belfry known as Hallentoren (Tower of the Halls), Cloth Hall and Aldermen's Chamber
(名为Halletoren(厅塔)的钟楼,布料厅和助役室) [5]
ID 943-025 Veurne Landhuis ("country-house", former seat of the Viscounty of Veurne-Ambacht) and Belfry
Landhuis(“乡间住宅”,原弗尔讷-安巴赫特子爵之位)和钟楼)[6]
ID 943-010 Ypres Cloth Hall with Belfry
(带钟楼的布料厅)

East Flanders[编辑]

ID 943-001 Aalst Aldermen's House with Belfry
(带钟楼的助役邸)
ID 943-005 Dendermonde City Hall with Belfry
(带钟楼的市政厅)
ID 943-007 Eeklo City Hall with Belfry
(带钟楼的市政厅)
ID 943-008 Ghent Belfry, Cloth Hall and Mammelokker
(钟楼,布料厅和Mammelokker[7]
ID 943-019 Oudenaarde City Hall with Belfry
(带钟楼的市政厅)

Flemish Brabant[编辑]

ID 943-012 Leuven St. Peter's Church and tower
(圣伯多禄教堂和塔)
ID 943-023 Tienen St. Germanus Church with Stadstoren (City Tower)
(带Stadstoren(城市塔)的圣日曼諮教堂)
ID 943-026 Zoutleeuw St. Leonard's Church
(圣良德教堂)

Limburg[编辑]

ID 943-021 Sint-Truiden City Hall with Tower
(带塔的市政厅)
ID 943-024 Tongeren Basilica of Our Lady with Stadstoren (City Tower)
(带Stadstoren(城市塔)的圣母圣殿)

Wallonia[编辑]

Hainaut[编辑]

ID 943-027 Binche Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)
ID 943-028 Charleroi Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)
ID 943-029 Mons Belfry
(钟楼)
ID 943-031 Thuin Belfry
(钟楼)
ID 943-032 Tournai Belfry
(钟楼)

Namur[编辑]

ID 943-056 Gembloux Belfry
(钟楼)
ID 943-030 Namur Belfry
(钟楼)

法国[编辑]

Nord-Pas de Calais[编辑]

Nord[编辑]

ID 943-033 Armentières Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)
ID 943-034 Bailleul Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)
ID 943-035 Bergues Belfry
(钟楼)
ID 943-036 Cambrai Belfry of the St. Martin's Church
(圣玛尔定教堂钟楼)
ID 943-037 Comines Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)
ID 943-038 Douai Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)
ID 943-039 Dunkirk Belfry of the St. Eligius Church
(圣安利日教堂钟楼)[8]
ID 943-040 Dunkirk Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)[8]
ID 943-041 Gravelines Belfry
(钟楼)
ID 943-042 Lille Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)
ID 943-043 Loos Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)

Pas-de-Calais[编辑]

ID 943-044 Aire-sur-la-Lys Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)
ID 943-045 Arras Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)
ID 943-046 Béthune Belfry
(钟楼)
ID 943-047 Boulogne-sur-Mer Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)
ID 943-048 Calais Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)
ID 943-049 Hesdin Belfry of the City Hall
(市政厅钟楼)

Picardy[编辑]

Somme[编辑]

ID 943-050 Abbeville Belfry
(钟楼)
ID 943-051 Amiens Belfry
(钟楼)
ID 943-052 Doullens Belfry of the former Municipal Hall, at present the tourist information center
(原市政厅钟楼,现旅游信息中心)
ID 943-053 Lucheux Belfry on the remaining City Gate
(现存城门钟楼)
ID 943-054 Rue Belfry
(钟楼)
ID 943-055 Saint-Riquier Belfry
(钟楼)

相关条目[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

脚注[编辑]

  1. ^ Quote from external link Detailed argumentation for list ID 943/943bis, UNESCO Website: "The Hôtel de Ville in Antwerpen (1564) is an excellent example of the transposition of Renaissance principles in the central risalith with superposed diminishing registers flanked by obelisks and scrollwork and finished with a pediment, reiterating the theme of the central belfry." – Hôtel de Ville is French for 'City Hall', Antwerpen is the native name of 'Antwerp' in Dutch.
  2. ^ UNESCO states, inappropriately in French: ID 943-016 Tour de Saint-Rombaut ; in native Dutch language this is Sint-Romboutstoren which is the main tower of the cathedral, once also used as a watchtower against fires.
  3. ^ UNESCO states, inappropriately in French: ID 943-015 Ancienne Halle avec Beffroi ; in native Dutch language this is Oude [or: Voormalige] Halle met Belfort. This 14th century Cloth Hall with never to its designed height built Belfry – both hardly ever used for the intended purposes – with more recent adjacent buildings, constitute the present-day City Hall.
  4. ^ The belfry is known as Halletoren, because of an adjacent Cloth Hall that no longer exists; the tower is now free-standing.
  5. ^ The belfry is known as Hallentoren or Tower of the Halls, plural: of the two adjacent wings or halls, only one remains, hence Cloth Hall, singular.
  6. ^ The city centre's Landhuis (literally: 'country-house') was once the seat of the kasselrij or burggraafschap (viscounty) Veurne-Ambacht, serving the countryside; here as opposed to the adjacent Stadhuis (literally: 'city-house' though always meaning the City Hall) serving the city. The Landhuis later became the Court of Justice and recently a place for cultural purposes, e.g. exhibitions, dance acts, concerts, etc.
  7. ^ The name Mammelokker (assumedly: 'Allurer of breasts') for the guard house at the part of the Cloth Hall that once served as a prison, refers to the story of a prisoner.
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 .