鬚鯨小目

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鬚鯨小目
Humpbackwhale37.jpg
座頭鯨躍出水面
科学分类 e
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
纲: 哺乳纲 Mammalia
目: 偶蹄目 Artiodactyla
演化支: 鲸反刍类 Cetruminantia
亚目: 河马形亚目 Whippomorpha
下目: 鲸下目 Cetacea
小目: 须鲸小目 Mysticeti
Cope, 1891

露脊鯨科 Balaenidae
鬚鯨科 Balaenopteridae
灰鯨科 Eschrichtiidae
小露脊鯨科 Neobalaenidae

多样性
15个物种

鬚鯨小目學名Mysticeti)是依生物分類法分類之一群類動物。包括抹香鲸喙鲸海豚,和鼠海豚。鬚鯨是分布广泛的肉食性海洋哺乳动物和多样化的小目。目前分成四个科,现有15個種。尽管鲸类动物历史上被认为是从中爪兽的后代,分子系统发生学英语Molecular phylogenetics证据支持它们是偶蹄目动物(Artiodactyla)的亲属。

鬚鯨的共同特徵是没有牙齿而有鲸须,大多以小动物为食。

分類[编辑]

鬚鯨小目 Mysticeti






小露脊鯨屬

小露脊鯨 Pygmy right whale illustration with a dark gray top, a light grey underside, a light eyepatch, and a small dorsal fin near the tail




........
灰鯨屬

灰鯨 Gray whale illustration with a sleet gray color, lightly colored spots mainly on the head and top, a robust body, and small bumps where the back slopes downwards



Balaenoptera

Fin whale Fin whale illustration with a dark backside, white underside, lightly colored head, a slender body, and a small dorsal fin near the tail




座頭鯨屬

Humpback whale Humpback whale illustration with an overall dark coloration, white underbelly, a robust body, and a small, stunted dorsal fin




Rorqualus

Bryde's whale



Eden's whale Eden's whale illustration with a light top, white bottom, a long and slender body, and a small dorsal fin near the tail



Omura's whale



Sei whale Sei whale illustration with an overall dark coloration, white underbelly, a long robust body, and a dorsal fin near the tail



Blue whale Blue whale illustration with a dark blue tail, a slightly lighter shade of blue overall, and a small dorsal fin near the tail



Pterobalaena

Common minke whale Common minke whale illustration with a dark top, creamy underside with a creamy stripe on the pectoral fins, a long robust body, and a dorsal fin near the tail



Southern minke whale Antarctic minke whale illustration with a dark top, a creamy underside, a long robust body, and a dorsal fin where the back begins to slope down











真露脊鯨屬

North Atlantic right whale North Atlantic right whale illustration with an overall black coloration with a white patch above the eyes, callosities on the opening of the mouth, and a large body




Southern right whale South Atlantic right whale illustration with an overall black coloration with a white patch above the eyes, callosities on the opening of the mouth, and a large body



North Pacific right whale





露脊鯨屬

Bowhead whale Bowhead whale illustration with an overall black body with a white patch on the jaw, and a large body






Cladogram showing phylogenic relations between mysticete species according to Hassanin and Ropiquet, et al., Sasaki and Nikaido, et al., and Rosenbaum and Brownell, Jr., et al.

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