不作为偏误

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索

不作为偏误是指一個人在面對不作為和作为時傾向選擇前者[1][2]。它的产生有多种原因,包括心理惯性[3]、对交易成本的認知,以及認為若不作為和作為會造成同樣嚴重後果,作為比不作為更糟糕或不道德[4]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Ritov, Ilana; Baron, Jonathan. Status-quo and omission biases. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty. February 1992, 5 (1). doi:10.1007/BF00208786. 
  2. ^ Baron, Jonathan; Ritov, Ilana. Reference Points and Omission Bias. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. September 1994, 59 (3): 475–498. doi:10.1006/obhd.1994.1070. 
  3. ^ Gal, David. A Psychological Law of Inertia and the Illusion of Loss Aversion (PDF). Judgment and Decision Making. July 2006, 1: 23–32 [2021-01-15]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2006-10-26). 
  4. ^ Howard-Snyder, Frances. Doing vs. Allowing Harm. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2011 [2021-01-15]. (原始内容存档于2019-06-29).