原始南亞語

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原始南亞語
重建自南亞語系

原始南亞語南亞語系語言經由歷史重建所推定的共同祖語[1]

詞彙[编辑]

原始南亞語詞彙:[2]

英文 中文 原始南亚语
all 全部 *klɔʔ
all 全部 *tum
ashes 火灰 *bɔh, *buːh
bark (狗)叫 *-pɔːk
belly 肚子 *buŋ
middle 中间 *kluŋ
belly 肚皮 *wiəŋ
bird *ciːm, *ceːm
to bite *kap
to bite *kat
to bleed (流)血 *saːm
to bleed (流)血 *ɟhaːm, *(b/m)haːm
bone 骨头 *cʔaːŋ
breast 乳房 *toːh
to ignite 点(火) *coːh
to ignite 点(火) *tɔːt, *tuːt
to burn *guːc
fingernail 指甲 *-rsiːm
cloud *rməl
cloud(y) 云(天) *ʔuːt
cold *tkat
cold *ŋi(ə)t
to arrive *truh
to die *kceːt
dog *cɔːʔ
to drink *ʔuək
to suck, drink 吸,喝 *hoːc
dry *raɲ
ear 耳朵 *-toːr
earth *tiʔ
to eat *caːʔ
egg *p(n)ləːŋ
egg *-tap
egg *ktam
eye 眼睛 *mat
fat, oil *pri(ə)ŋ
fat, oil *klaɲ
fire *ʔuːs, *ʔɔːs
fish *kaʔ
to fly *par
to fly *həːr
foot, leg *ɟəːŋ
full *biːŋ; *beːɲ
to give *ʔam
to give *ʔa(ː)n
to give *ʔVːj
good *ləʔ, *lʔɔʔ
young, green 年轻,绿 *kciʔ
green 绿 *-ŋaːr
hair 头发 *suk, *sɔːk
hand, arm *tiːʔ
to hear *ktəŋ
to hear *rməŋ
to hear *saŋ
heart *(p)nɔːs
horn *draŋ
horn *krəŋ
I *ʔaɲ
to die *krceːt
knee 膝盖 *-kuːl
to know 知道 *naŋ
leaf *slaʔ
liver *kləːm
liver *ris
high, long 高,长 *ɟroŋ, *ɟrɔŋ
long *ɟləːŋ, *ɟliːŋ
louse 头虱 *ciːʔ
much, many *gləŋ
flesh *sac
moon 月亮 *khaj
hill, mountain *bruːʔ
hill *bnəm
hill *du(ə)l
mountain *-mɔl
mouth, opening 嘴巴 *paːŋ
mouth 嘴巴 *mɔːɲ
nose, beak 鼻子,喙 *smuər
name 名字 *-məh
neck 脖子 *kɔʔ
nape *-kɔːŋ
throat 喉咙 *-lɔːŋ
new *tmiːʔ
night *cəːm
night *-tam
nose 鼻子 *mɔːh, *muːh, *muːs
used up, lacking *ʔət
not *ʔam
one *diʔ
one *muəj, *moːj
person *ʔiːʔ
person *mraʔ
rain *gmaʔ
sky, rain 天,雨 *briːʔ
red *-saw
road, way *kraʔ
road, way *ɗeːŋ, *ɗiəŋ
road, way *truːŋ,*trɔːŋ
road, way *glɔːŋ
root *riəs
round *wi(ə)l
sand 沙子 *ksa(ː)c
to see *jɔl
to sit down 坐下 *ŋgu(ː)j
to sit, stay *-kuːʔ
skin 皮肤 *huːr
to lie down, sleep 睡,躺 *tiək
to lie down, sleep 睡,躺 *ɓic
small *dit, *kɗi(ə)t
smoke (n.) *ptoʔ
to speak *ŋaːj
to stand up 站起来 *dək
to stand *ɟə(ː)ŋ, *ɟuːŋ
to stand *taːw
star 星星 *s(ʔ)maɲ
stone 石头 *tmɔʔ
sun, day 太阳,日 *tŋiːʔ
to swim, wade 游泳 *loːj
tail 尾巴 *sntaʔ
stalk, tail 茎,尾巴 *-dɔːŋ
that (dist.) *tiːʔ
that (med.) *tɔʔ
3rd person *gi(ː)ʔ
this (prox.) *niʔ; *neʔ
this; here 这,这里 *nɔ(ː)ʔ
you (sing.) *miːʔ
tongue 舌头 *lntaːk
tooth 牙齿 *lmVɲ
tooth 牙齿 *sraŋ
tooth 牙齿 *p(i)əŋ
tree, wood 树,木 *ɟhuːʔ, *ɟhiːʔ
trunk, stem, tree 树干,茎,树 *tnəːm
two *ɓaːr
hot *toʔ
hot *taɲ
warm *(s)ʔ(a/ə)m
water *ɗaːk
we (incl.) 咱们 *ʔiːʔ
we (excl.) 我们 *ʔjeːʔ
what 什么 *məh
white *ɓɔːk
white *-lɔːk
who *mVh
woman, female *kan
wife 妻子 *k(-)duər
yellow *-ŋaːr

參見[编辑]

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ Jenny, Mathias and Paul Sidwell, eds (2015). The Handbook of Austroasiatic Languages. Leiden: Brill.
  2. ^ Sidwell, Paul and Felix Rau (2015). "Austroasiatic Comparative-Historical Reconstruction: An Overview." In: Jenny, Mathias and Paul Sidwell, eds (2015). The Handbook of Austroasiatic Languages. Leiden: Brill.