中枢神经系统疾病

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中枢神经系统疾病
Nervous system diagram-zh.svg
中枢神经系统(脑/脊髓以黄色标示),受影响区域
醫學專科 精神病学神經內科神經外科

中枢神经系统疾病,是指影响中樞神經系統内的人腦脊髓结构或功能的神经系统疾病[1][2][3]

迹象和症状[编辑]

每种疾病都有不同的体征和症状如持续性头痛;面部,背部,手臂或腿部疼痛;无法集中注意力;失去感觉;记忆丧失;失去肌肉力量;震颤;癫痫发作;反射增强,痉挛,抽搐;麻痹;讲话含糊不清。如有这些影响应该就医。

治疗[编辑]

中枢神经系统疾病有多种治疗方法,包括手术、神经康复和处方药物。

另见[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Nervous System Diseases. Healthinsite.gov.au. [2013-10-30]. 
  2. ^ Cacabelos R, Torrellas C, Fernández-Novoa L, López-Muñoz F. Histamine and Immune Biomarkers in CNS Disorders. Mediators Inflamm. 2016, 2016: 1924603. PMC 4846752. PMID 27190492. doi:10.1155/2016/1924603. Neuroimmune dysregulation is a common phenomenon in different forms of central nervous system (CNS) disorders. Cross-links between central and peripheral immune mechanisms appear to be disrupted as reflected by a series of immune markers (CD3, CD4, CD7, HLA-DR, CD25, CD28, and CD56) which show variability in brain disorders such as anxiety, depression, psychosis, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, migraine, epilepsy, vascular dementia, mental retardation, cerebrovascular encephalopathy, multiple sclerosis, brain tumors, cranial nerve neuropathies, mental retardation, and posttraumatic spinal cord injury. 
  3. ^ MeSH(醫學主題詞)上面的Nervous System Diseases Central Nervous System Diseases(美式英语)

外部链接[编辑]

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