莎士比亚另有其人说

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爱德华·德·维尔,第十七代牛津伯爵 弗兰西斯·培根 威廉·莎士比亚 克里斯托弗·马洛 威廉·斯坦利,第六代德比伯爵莎士比亞及另外四位可能是莎士比亞作品真正作者的人的畫像
爱德华·德·维尔弗兰西斯·培根威廉·斯坦利英语William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby克里斯托弗·马洛(从左上角顺时针数起,莎士比亚居中)都被认为是莎士比亚作品的真正作者。

莎士比亚另有其人说威廉·莎士比亚的作品是否出自他人之手的一种假说。其支持者认为,“莎士比亚”不过是一张面具,隐藏在其后面的可能是另一位作者,甚至是多位作者,他们因为各种原因不能用真实的名字展示自己的著作。[1]这个假说引起了公众广泛的讨论,[2]但有一小部分研究莎士比亚的学者和文学史家则认为,该假说不过是对莎士比亚的贬损。[3]

莎士比亚第一次受到质疑是在19世纪中叶,[4]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Prescott 2010,第273页: 'Anti-Stratfordian' is the collective name for the belief that someone other than the man from Stratford wrote the plays commonly attributed to him."; McMichael & Glenn 1962,第56页.
  2. ^ Shapiro 2010,第2–3 (3–4)页.
  3. ^ Kathman 2003,第621页: "...antiStratfordism has remained a fringe belief system"; Schoenbaum 1991,第450页; Paster 1999,第38页: "To ask me about the authorship question ... is like asking a palaeontologist to debate a creationist's account of the fossil record."; Nelson 2004,第149–51页: "I do not know of a single professor of the 1,300-member Shakespeare Association of America who questions the identity of Shakespeare ... antagonism to the authorship debate from within the profession is so great that it would be as difficult for a professed Oxfordian to be hired in the first place, much less gain tenure..."; Carroll 2004,第278–9页: "I have never met anyone in an academic position like mine, in the Establishment, who entertained the slightest doubt as to Shakespeare's authorship of the general body of plays attributed to him."; Pendleton 1994,第21页: "Shakespeareans sometimes take the position that to even engage the Oxfordian hypothesis is to give it a countenance it does not warrant."; Sutherland & Watts 2000,第7页: "There is, it should be noted, no academic Shakespearian of any standing who goes along with the Oxfordian theory."; Gibson 2005,第30页: "...most of the great Shakespearean scholars are to be found in the Stratfordian camp..."
  4. ^ Bate 1998,第73页; Hastings 1959,第486页; Wadsworth 1958,第8–16页; McCrea 2005,第13页; Kathman 2003,第622页.