集體歇斯底里

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集體歇斯底里,或稱集體發瘋,是一個社會學心理學術語,用來指因集體性的恐慌錯覺通過謠言等方式迅速傳播的現象。[1]醫學上也用來指一人以上無意識的有類似實際症狀的現象。[2][3]

常見的集體歇斯底里表現為一群人都相信他們患上了同樣的疾病。[4]群体性心因性疾病或流行性歇斯底里。[5]

通常集體歇斯底里發生之初只有一個人因壓力而導致患病或歇斯底里[6]隨後其他人也表現出類似症狀,典型的症狀有噁心肌無力驚厥以及頭痛[7]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Little Green Men, Meowing Nuns and Head-Hunting Panics: A Study of Mass Psychogenic Illness and Social Delusion, Robert E. Bartholomew, 2001, McFarland Publishing
  2. ^ Bartholomew, Robert E.; Wessely, Simon. Protean nature of mass sociogenic illness: From possessed nuns to chemical and biological terrorism fears. British Journal of Psychiatry (Royal College of Psychiatrists). 2002, 180 (4): 300–306. PMID 11925351. doi:10.1192/bjp.180.4.300. Mass sociogenic illness mirrors prominent social concerns, changing in relation to context and circumstance. Prior to 1900, reports are dominated by episodes of motor symptoms typified by dissociation, histrionics and psychomotor agitation incubated in an environment of preexisting tension. Twentieth-century reports feature anxiety symptoms that are triggered by sudden exposure to an anxiety-generating agent, most commonly an innocuous odour or food poisoning rumours. 
  3. ^ Waller, John. Falling down. The Guardian (London). 18 September 2008. The recent outbreak of fainting in a school in Tanzania bears all the hallmarks of mass hysteria, says John Waller. But what causes it and why is it still happening around the world today? 
  4. ^ Bartholomew, Robert E.; Erich Goode. Mass Delusions and Hysterias: Highlights from the Past Millennium. Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. 2000, 24 (3) [2013-10-21]. (原始内容存档于2013-10-21).  已忽略未知参数|month=(建议使用|date=) (帮助);
  5. ^ Mass, Weir E.“Mass sociogenic illness.”CMAJ 172 (2005): 36. Web. 14 Dec. 2009.
  6. ^ Doubts raised over Melbourne airport scare. 27/04/2005. ABC News Online 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2010-03-29.
  7. ^ ACSH > Health Issues > 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2012-03-10.

外部連結[编辑]