^Little Green Men, Meowing Nuns and Head-Hunting Panics: A Study of Mass Psychogenic Illness and Social Delusion, Robert E. Bartholomew, 2001, McFarland Publishing
^Bartholomew, Robert E.; Wessely, Simon. Protean nature of mass sociogenic illness: From possessed nuns to chemical and biological terrorism fears. British Journal of Psychiatry (Royal College of Psychiatrists). 2002, 180 (4): 300–306 [2013-10-21]. PMID 11925351. doi:10.1192/bjp.180.4.300. （原始内容存档于2003-08-25）. Mass sociogenic illness mirrors prominent social concerns, changing in relation to context and circumstance. Prior to 1900, reports are dominated by episodes of motor symptoms typified by dissociation, histrionics and psychomotor agitation incubated in an environment of preexisting tension. Twentieth-century reports feature anxiety symptoms that are triggered by sudden exposure to an anxiety-generating agent, most commonly an innocuous odour or food poisoning rumours.
^Waller, John. Falling down. The Guardian (London). 18 September 2008 [2013-10-21]. （原始内容存档于2010-04-14）. The recent outbreak of fainting in a school in Tanzania bears all the hallmarks of mass hysteria, says John Waller. But what causes it and why is it still happening around the world today?