辣椒

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辣椒英语chili pepper),是辣椒屬植物的果實[1][2]辣椒種主要分為菜椒辣椒

辣椒起源於美洲[3]。在哥倫布大交換之後,辣椒開始遍佈全球,可作食用和藥用。在16世紀葡萄牙人航海時,辣椒傳入亞洲。

印度是世界上最大的辣椒生產國、使用國及出口國[4]南印度的Guntur地區佔了印度30%的產量[5],而Andhra Pradesh佔了75%的印度辣椒出口。

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ HORT410. Peppers – Notes. Purdue University Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture. [20 October 2009]. "Common name: pepper. Latin name: Capsicum annuum L. ... Harvested organ: fruit. Fruit varies substantially in shape, pericarp thickness, color and pungency." 
  2. ^ Dasgupta, Reshmi R. Indian chilli displacing jalapenos in global cuisine – The Economic Times. The Times Of India. 8 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Chile Pepper History & Chile Pepper Glossary. www.thenibble.com. [23 October 2013]. 
  4. ^ Indian Chilli,Chilli India,Indian Chilli Exporters,Indian Red Dry Chilli. Agrocrops.com. [28 August 2013]. 
  5. ^ Govt. of India Ministry Of Agriculture.