全字母句

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包含有字母表中所有字母并且言之成义的句子称为全字母句英语pangramholoalphabetic sentence希腊语pan gramma(意为“每一个字母”))。全字母句被用于显示字体和测试打字机。英语中最知名的全字母句是“The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog(敏捷的棕色狐狸跳过懒狗身上)”。

一般,有趣的全字母句都很短;写出一个包含有最少重复字母的全字母句是一件富有挑战性的工作。长的全字母句在正确的前提下,显著地富有启迪性,或是很幽默,或是很古怪。从某种意义上,全字母句是漏字文英语Lipogram)的对立物,因为后者在文章中有意不使用一个或几个特定字母。

英语中的各種例子[编辑]

普通的全字母句[编辑]

這些都是符合全字母句定義的普通句子。

  • A quick movement of the enemy will jeopardize six gunboats. (49個字母)
  • All questions asked by five watch experts amazed the judge. (49個字母)
  • How razorback-jumping frogs can level six piqued gymnasts! (49个字母) (被Macintosh,System 7用于字体范例)
  • Crazy Fredericka bought many very exquisite opal jewels. (48个字母)
  • Sixty zippers were quickly picked from the woven jute bag. (48个字母)
  • John Prady, give me a black walnut box of quite small size. (47个字母)
  • Jack quietly moved up front and seized the big ball of wax. (47個字母)
  • Few black taxis drive up major roads on quiet hazy nights. (47個字母)
  • Have a pick: twenty six letters — no forcing a jumbled quiz! (46個字母)
  • Big July earthquakes confound zany experimental vow. (45個字母)
  • Foxy parsons quiz and cajole the lovably dim wiki-girl. (45個字母)
  • Six big devils from Japan quickly forgot how to waltz. (44个字母)
  • "Who am taking the ebonics quiz?", the prof jovially axed. (44個字母)
  • My girl wove six dozen plaid jackets before she quit. (43个字母)
  • Cozy lummox gives smart squid who asks for job pen. (41个字母) (被Macintosh和较后期的System 7用于字体范例)
  • Amazingly few discotheques provide jukeboxes. (40個字母)
  • Adjusting quiver and bow, Zompyc killed the fox.(39个字母)
  • My faxed joke won a pager in the cable TV quiz show. (39个字母)
  • The lazy major was fixing Cupid's broken quiver. (39個字母)
  • The quick onyx goblin jumps over the lazy dwarf.(39個字母) (來自一個卡牌的遊戲)
  • Woven silk pyjamas exchanged for blue quartz. (38個字母) (被Scribus用於字體範例)
  • Brawny gods just flocked up to quiz and vex him. (38個字母)
  • Watch "Jeopardy!", Alex Trebek's fun TV quiz game. (37個字母)
  • A wizard’s job is to vex chumps quickly in fog. (36個字母)
  • The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. (35个字母) (被WindowsBlackberry用作范例文稿)
  • Joaquin Phoenix was gazed by MTV for luck. (34個字母)
  • The quick brown fox jumps over a lazy dog. (33个字母) (The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.的縮短版)
  • The jay, pig, fox, zebra and my wolves quack! (33个字母)
  • Blowzy red vixens fight for a quick jump. (33個字母)
  • Pack my box with five dozen liquor jugs. (32个字母) (被Beagle Bros用于字体范例)
  • Few quips galvanized the mock jury box. (32个字母)
  • Quick brown dogs jump over the lazy fox. (32個字母)(The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.的縮短版)
  • A very bad quack might jinx zippy fowls. (32個字母)
  • Cozy sphinx waves quart jug of bad milk. (32個字母)
  • Kvetching, flummoxed by job, W. zaps Iraq. (32個字母)
  • Jackdaws love my big sphinx of quartz. (31个字母) (被Windows XP用于在察看某些字体时的范例文稿)
  • The five boxing wizards jump quickly. (31个字母)
  • Vamp fox held quartz duck just by wing. (31個字母)
  • Five quacking zephyrs jolt my wax bed. (31個字母)
  • How quickly daft jumping zebras vex. (30个字母)
  • Two driven jocks help fax my big quiz. (30个字母)
  • "Now fax quiz Jack!" my brave ghost pled. (30個字母)
  • Bright vixens jump; dozy fowl quack. (29个字母)
  • Quick wafting zephyrs vex bold Jim. (29个字母)
  • Quick zephyrs blow, vexing daft Jim. (29个字母)
  • Sex-charged fop blew my junk TV quiz. (29個字母)
  • Sphinx of black quartz, judge my vow. (29个字母)
  • Waltz, bad nymph, for quick jigs vex. (28个字母)
  • Brick quiz whangs jumpy veldt fox. (28个字母)
  • Junk MTV quiz graced by fox whelps. (28個字母)
  • Bawds jog, flick quartz, vex nymphs. (28個字母)
  • Fox nymphs grab quick-jived waltz. (28個字母)
  • Glib jocks quiz nymph to vex dwarf. (28個字母) (被用作排印的範例)

於A-Z中增加字母構成的全字母句[编辑]

這些句子除了符合全字母句的定義外,從左到右看粗體字,就是A-Z的順序;從右到左看粗體字,則是Z-A的順序。

  • scabicide afghani jokul manrope querist purview oxygenize.(51個字母)
  • ABC defog hijack limnophil querist uvrow XYZ.(38個字母)
  • ABC defog hijack limn op querist ulva wax oyez.(38個字母)
  • ABC defy ghi jak limn opaquers turves wax oyez.(38個字母)
  • a BCD ef ghi jack limn op querist ulva wax oyez.(37個字母)
  • ABC defyghe bij sklim nop querist uvrow XYZ.(36個字母)
  • ABC defy ghi jak limn op qres to uva wax oyez.(35個字母)
  • ABC defy ghi jak limn op querist uva wax yez.(35個字母)
  • a BCD ef ghi jak limn op qres to uva wax oyez.(34個字母)
  • ab cad ef ghi jak limn op qre stun vow ox yez.(34個字母)
  • ABC def ghi jak limn opaquer struv wax yez.(34個字母)
  • ABC defog hij klam nop querist uvrow XYZ.(33個字母)
  • ABC defy ghi jak limn op QRS to uva wax yez.(33個字母)
  • a BCD ef ghi jak limn op QRS to uva wax yez.(32個字母)
  • ABC def ghi jak limn op qre struv wax yez.(32個字母)
  • ABC def ghi jak limn op qres tu vow XYZ.(30個字母)
  • ABC defog hij klam nop QRS tu vow XYZ.(29個字母)

於Z-A中增加字母構成的全字母句[编辑]

這些句子除了符合全字母句的定義外,從右到左看粗體字,就是A-Z的順序;從左到右看粗體字,則是Z-A的順序。

  • lazy ox wave uts reequip on milk jihad gifted cabal.(42個字母)
  • lazy ox wave uts roque pon milk jihad gifted caba.(40個字母)
  • zo yex wave uts roque pon milk jihad gifted caba.(39個字母)
  • lazy ox ow vug tsar quip on milk jib hag fed caba.(38個字母)
  • lazy ox ow vug tsar quip on milk jib hag fed cab a.(38個字母)
  • zo yex wu vug tsar quip on milk jib hag fed caba.(37個字母)

自然存在的全字母句[编辑]

依据2006年2月的杂志《单词之路:娱乐语言学之旅》(Word Ways: The Journal of Recreational Linguistics)中所说,被发现的自然存在于文学作品中的最短的全字母句(虽然不是整个句子)是在Lillie de Hagermann-Lindencrone于1912年写的书《在记忆的庭院中》(In the Courts of Memory)中。该句是“I sang, and thought I sang very well; but he just looked up into my face with a very quizzical expression, and said, ‘How long have been singing, Mademoiselle?’”,共56个字母。该杂志在2006年5月那一期中,又展示了在因特网上发现的47个字母的全字母句:“JoBlo's movie review of The Yards: Mark Wahlberg, Joaquin Phoenix, Charlize Theron...”。

完美的全字母句[编辑]

每一个字母都只出现一次的全字母句就是完美的全字母句,这是全字母句游戏中难度最高的。若不使用晦涩的单词和专有名词则很难写出完美的全字母句。在要求最严格的情况下,词首大写字母缩写也不允许出现在完美的全字母句中。

  • Blowzy night-frumps vex'd Jack Q.
  • Glum Schwartzkopf vex'd by NJ IQ.
  • New job: fix Mr. Gluck's hazy TV, PDQ!
  • Squdgy fez, blank jimp crwth vox!
    • 意为A short brimless felt hat barely blocks out the sound of a Celtic violin.(一顶短的、无边缘的毡帽幾乎無法遮掩凯尔特小提琴的声音) (克劳德·艾尔伍德·香农创造)
  • Frowzy things plumb vex'd Jack Q.
  • J. Q. Vandz struck my big fox whelp.
  • Quartz glyph job vex'd cwm finks.
  • Phlegms fyrd wuz qvint jackbox.
  • Zing, vext cwm fly jabs Kurd qoph.
  • Cwm fjord bank glyphs vext quiz.
  • Jumbling vext frowzy hacks PDQ.
    • 意为Being bounced around quickly annoyed the disheveled taxi drivers.(快速地在四处移动令衣冠不整的出租车司机苦恼) (所有的单词都可以在中学词典中找到)
  • Mr. Jock, TV Quiz Ph.D, bags few lynx.
  • Veldt jynx grimps waqf zho buck.
  • Junky qoph flags vext crwd zimb.
  • Bcfhjmpqvxyz isn't a kluge word.
  • Quack: XL VD zit grew of nymph's BJ
    • 意为A fraudulent doctor attributes huge genital wart to oral sex performed by young lady. (一个不诚实的医生将巨大的生殖器疣产生的原因归结于跟年轻女士口交
  • Cwm fjord veg balks nth pyx quiz.
    • 意为Relaxing in basins at the end of inlets puts an end to the test from the box.(结束了拳击测试,在水湾末端的盆中放松) (‘nth’不是缩写词)

其它语言中的全字母句[编辑]

所有字母[编辑]

  • 保加利亚语
    • Жълтата дюля беше щастлива, че пухът, който цъфна, замръзна като гьон.
      • 意为:黄色的榅桲树很高兴,因为繁盛的软毛冻得像鞋底皮那样
  • 加泰罗尼亚语
    • (包含ç) Jove xef, porti whisky amb quinze glaçons d'hidrogen, coi!
      • 意为:年轻的厨师,拿来了15个氢的冰块,谴责他!
  • 丹麦语
    • Quizdeltagerne spiste jordbær med fløde, mens cirkusklovnen Walther spillede på xylofon
      • 意为The quiz participants ate strawberries with cream while Walther the circus clown played the xylophone
  • 荷兰语
    • Sexy qua lijf, doch bang voor 't zwempak
      • 意为Sexy of body, though scared of the swimsuit
    • Pa's wijze lynx bezag vroom het fikse aquaduct
      • 意为Dad's wise lynx piously observed the sturdy aqueduct.
    • 一些其它的句子:"Filmquiz bracht knappe ex-yogi van de wijs", "Max boft: z'n vrouw is qua type degelijk", "Lex bederft Uw quiz met typisch vakjargon", "Zwicht exquis blondje, gap vijf mark", "Z'n dom exquis wijfje bracht vlug kip.", "Sexy dame bezorgt chique volkje fijne wip".
  • 世界语
    • Laŭ Ludoviko Zamenhof bongustas freŝa ĉeĥa manĝaĵo kun spicoj.
      • 意为According to Ludwig Zamenhof, fresh Czech food with spices tastes good.
  • 芬兰语
    • (完美的全字母句不含只在外语或外语借词中出现的字母(b, c, f, q, w, x, z, å)):Törkylempijä vongahdus
      • 意为Excessive lover, a wooing.
  • 法语
    • Portez ce whisky au vieux juge blond qui fume
      • 意为Go take this whisky to the old blond judge who is smoking
    • (含附加符号):Le cœur déçu mais l'âme plutôt naïve, Louÿs rêva de crapaüter en canoë au delà des îles, près du mälström où brûlent les novæ
      • 意为His heart disappointed, but his soul more naive, Louÿs dreamt of doing the nasty in a canoe beyond the isles, close to the maelstrom where the novas burn
    • Bâchez la queue du wagon-taxi avec les pyjamas du fakir
      • 意为Tarpolin-up the taxi-railcar tail with the fakir’s pajamas
  • 盖尔语
    • D'fhuascail íosa, Úrmhac na hóighe Beannaithe, pór Éava agus adhaimh
  • 德语
    • (无附加符号ß):Sylvia wagt quick den Jux bei Pforzheim
      • 意为Sylvia dares quickly the joke at Pforzheim
    • (无附加符号和ß): Franz jagt im komplett verwahrlosten Taxi quer durch Bayern
      • 意为Franz chases in the completely shabby cab straight through Bavaria
    • (有附加符号和ß): Victor jagt zwölf Boxkämpfer quer über den großen Sylter Deich
      • 意为Victor chases twelve box fighters across the great dam of Sylt
    • (有附加符号和ß,每个字母只出现一次): "Fix, Schwyz!" quäkt Jürgen blöd vom Paß
      • 意为"Quick, Schwyz!" Jürgen squawks zanily from the pass
    • "Falsches Üben von Xylophonmusik quält jeden größeren Zwerg" (KDE使用)
  • 希腊语
    • Ξεσκεπάζω την ψυχοφθόρα βδελυγμία.
      • 意为I uncover the soul-destroying abhorrence.
  • 希伯来语
    • דג סקרן שט בים מאוכזב ולפתע מצא חברה
      • 意为A curious fish sailed the sea disappointedly, and suddenly found himself a girlfriend
    • או הנסה אלהים, לבוא לקחת לו גוי מקרב גוי, במסת באתת ובמופתים ובמלחמה וביד חזקה ובזרוע נטויה, ובמוראים גדלים: ככל אשר-עשה לכם יהוה אלהיכם, במצרים—לעיניך(申命记 4:34)
    • לכן חכו לי נאם יהוה ליום קומי לעד, כי משפטי לאסף גוים לקבצי ממלכות, לשפך עליהם זעמי כל חרון אפי, כי באש קנאתי תאכל כל הארץ (西番雅書 3:8 - the only verse in the Hebrew Bible that contains all medial forms of the letters plus all final forms)
    • (每个字母只出现一次) שפן אכל קצת גזר בטעם חסה, ודי.
      • 意为A rabbit ate some lettuce flavored carrot and that's it
  • 冰岛语
    • Kæmi ný öxi hér ykist þjófum nú bæði víl og ádrepa
      • 意为If a new axe were here, thieves would feel increasing deterrence and punishment.
  • 意大利语
    • "Quel fez sghembo copre davanti"
      • 意为That slanted fez covers the front (without the foreign letters j, k, w, x, and y)
    • "Ma la volpe col suo balzo ha raggiunto il quieto Fido"
      • 意为But the fox with his leap has reached the quiet Fido (without foreign letters)
    • "Quel vituperabile xenofobo zelante assaggia il whisky ed esclama: alleluja!"
      • 意为That blameworthy and zealous xenophobe tastes his whisky and says: Alleluja!
  • 日语
    • いろはにほへと / ちりぬるを / わかよたれそ / つねならむ / うゐのおくやま / けふこえて / あさきゆめみし / ゑひもせす
      • 伊吕波(日语“伊呂波”,假名写作“いろは”)使用了过去全部的47个假名,且每个假名只用一次,它最后演变成了一首诗。伊吕波的古典地位不易改变,因此,现代创作的有古典风格的日语全字母句就称作伊吕波歌(日语“いろは歌”,假名写作“いろはうた”)。
  • 韩语
    • 키스의 고유조건은 입술끼리 만나야 하고 특별한 기술은 필요치 않다.
      • 意为The essential condition for kiss is that lips meet and there is no special technique required.
  • 立陶宛语
    • Įlinkdama fechtuotojo špaga sublykčiojusi pragręžė apvalų arbūzą
      • 意为Incurving fencer sword sparkled and perforated a round watermelon
  • 逻辑语
    • .o'i mu xagji sofybakni cu zvati le purdi
      • 意为Watch out, five hungry Soviet-cows are in the garden!
  • 挪威语
    • Vår sære Zulu fra badeøya spilte jo whist og quickstep i min taxi.
      • 意为Our strange Zule from the bathing Island did actually play whist and quickstep in my cab.
    • Høvdingens kjære squaw får litt pizza i Mexico by
      • 意为The chief's dear squaw gets a little pizza in Mexico City
  • 波兰语
    • (每个字母都只用一次) Pójdźże, kiń tę chmurność w głąb flaszy!
      • 意为Come on, drop your sadness into the depth of a bottle!
    • Pchnąć w tę łódź jeża lub ośm skrzyń fig.
      • 意为Push into that boat a hedgehog or eight boxes of figs.
    • (每个字母都只用一次) Mężny bądź, chroń pułk twój i sześć flag.
      • 意为Be brave, protect your regiment and six flags.
  • 葡萄牙语
    • (不含附加符号) Um pequeno jabuti xereta viu dez cegonhas felizes.
      • 意为A curious little tortoise saw ten happy storks.
    • (不含附加符号) Gazeta publica hoje no jornal uma breve nota de faxina na quermesse.
      • 意为The journalists publish today at the newspaper a short note about the cleaning at the kirmiss.
    • À noite, vovô Kowalsky vê o ímã cair no pé do pingüim queixoso e vovó põe açúcar no chá de tâmaras do jabuti feliz.
      • 意为At night, grandpa Kowalsky sees the magnet falling in the complaining penguin's foot and grandma puts sugar in the happy tortoise's date tea.
    • Luís argüia à Júlia que «brações, fé, chá, óxido, pôr, zângão» eram palavras do português.
      • 意为Luís argued to Júlia that “big arms, faith, tea, oxide, to put, bee” were Portuguese words.
  • 罗马尼亚语
    • Gheorghe, obezul, a reuşit să obţină jucându-se un flux în Quebec de o mie kilowaţioră.
      • George, the obese, managed to obtain by playing a flux in Quebec of a thousand Kilowatthours
  • 俄语
    • (不含ъ) В чащах юга жил бы цитрус? Да, но фальшивый экземпляр!
      • 意为Would a citrus live in the bushes of south? Yes, but only a fake one!
    • (Using quasiobsolete spelling for last word to include ъ) В чащах юга жил бы цитрус? Да, но фальшивый экземпляръ!
      • 意义与上一句一样
    • (每个字母只出现一次) Эх, чужак! Общий съём цен шляп (юфть) — вдрызг!
      • 意为Eh, alien! The general takings from prices of hats (made from a thick leather) are absolutely crashed!
    • (每个字母只出现一次) Экс-граф? Плюш изъят. Бьём чуждый цен хвощ!
      • 意为Ex-count? Plush is confiscated. Fight against the horsetail that is alien to prices!
    • (每个字母只出现一次) Эй, жлоб! Где туз? Прячь юных съёмщиц в шкаф.
      • 意为Hey, chuff! Where is ace? Hide young lessee-girls into closet.
    • (微软将这句话用在fontview.exe字体预览文件上,用于显示西里尔字母(不包括же)) Съешь ещё этих мягких французских булок, да выпей же чаю.
      • 意为Eat more of these soft French loaves and drink tea.
  • 塞尔维亚语
    • Љубазни фењерџија чађавог лица хоће да ми покаже штос.
    • Ljubazni fenjerdžija čađavog lica hoće da mi pokaže štos.
      • 意为A kind lamplighter with grimy face wants to show me a stunt.
  • 斯洛文尼亚语
    • Šerif bo za vajo spet kuhal domače žgance
      • 意为For an exercise, sheriff will again make home-made mush
    • Piškur molče grabi fižol z dna cezijeve hoste
      • 意为Lambry silently grasps beans from the bottom of cezij forest
  • 西班牙语
    • (含ñ和附加符号) El veloz murciélago hindú comía feliz cardillo y kiwi. La cigüeña tocaba el saxofón detrás del palenque de paja. (Used in Windows as sample text)
      • 意为The quick Hindu bat ate happy golden thistle and kiwi. The stork played the saxophone behind the straw arena.
    • (含ñ, llrr) El pingüino Wenceslao hizo kilómetros bajo exhaustiva lluvia y frío, añoraba a su querido cachorro.
      • 意为The penguin Wenceslao did kilometres under exhaustive rain and cold, longing for its dear cub.
    • Jovencillo emponzoñado de whisky: ¡qué figurota exhibe!
      • 意为Whisky-intoxicated youngster - what a figure you're showing!
    • Ese libro explica en su epígrafe las hazañas y aventuras de Don Quijote de la Mancha en Kuwait.
      • 意为That book explains in its epigraph the deeds and adventures of Don Quijote de la Mancha in Kuwait.
    • Queda gazpacho, fibra, látex, jamón, kiwi y viñas.
      • 意为There is still gazpacho, fibre, latex, ham, kiwi and vineyards.
    • Whisky bueno: ¡excitad mi frágil pequeña vejez!
      • 意为Good whisky, excite my frail, little old age!
  • 瑞典语
    • (不含q, x和z) Flygande bäckasiner söka hwila på mjuka tuvor.
      • 意为Flying snipes seek rest on soft tufts [of grass].
    • (每个字母只出现一次) Yxskaftbud, ge vår wczonmö iqhjälp.
      • 意为Axe handle messenger, give our WC zone maiden IQ help.
  • 泰语
    • เป็นมนุษย์สุดประเสริฐเลิศคุณค่า กว่าบรรดาฝูงสัตว์เดรัจฉาน จงฝ่าฟันพัฒนาวิชาการ อย่าล้างผลาญฤๅเข่นฆ่าบีฑาใคร ไม่ถือโทษโกรธแช่งซัดฮึดฮัดด่า หัดอภัยเหมือนกีฬาอัชฌาสัย ปฏิบัติประพฤติกฎกำหนดใจ พูดจาให้จ๊ะๆ จ๋า น่าฟังเอยฯ
      • 意为Humans are worth and more superb than any kind of animals. Do develop yourself in academic matter. Do not destroy or kill anyone. Do not be angry or execrate anyone. Do forgive like the game spirit. Do behave under morals and rules. Do politely confer with others. (这些词语为The Computer Association of Thailand under the Royal Patronage of His Majesty the King所特有)

只含有全部带附加符号字母的句子[编辑]

有时候,人们尝试写出含有一门语言中全部带附加符号字母的句子。

  • 捷克语: Příliš žluťoučký kůň úpěl ďábelské ódy (意为"too yellow horse screamed devillish odas")
  • 世界语: Eĥoŝanĝo ĉiuĵaŭde (意为"echo change every Thursday")
  • 德语: Heizölrückstoßabdämpfung (意为"fuel oil recoil absorber")
  • 匈牙利语: árvíztűrő tükörfúrógép (意为"flood-proof mirror-drilling machine")
  • 冰岛语: Sævör grét áðan því úlpan var ónýt (意为"Sævör cried earlier because the jacket was ruined")
  • 波兰语: Zażółć gęślą jaźń (意为"make your self yellow with a fiddle")
  • 土耳其语: Şişli'de büyük çöp yığınları (意为"Large amounts of garbage in Şişli")

表意文字体系[编辑]

  • 汉语
    • 用汉语写全字母句的性质有点特别,见千字文,它是一篇有1000个汉字,每个汉字都只用一次,但它没有包括所有的汉字,因為漢字數量過於龐大,幾乎沒有可能做出一篇文章或者詩包括所有的漢字。而由於不斷有人造出一些新的文字,使得漢字的數量不斷增加。
    • 如果以書法的筆劃來看,「永」這個字算是「全字母字」,因為「永」字恰恰包含了書法最基本的八種筆劃(儘管只有五劃,但如果把複合筆劃拆開來看,就是書法最基本的八種筆劃)。這又名永字八法,由於「永」字包含了書法最基本的八種筆劃,所以很多書法家都會練習寫「永」字。當然,有一些字擁有更多不同的筆劃,如:鳥、我、鵝……

全字母句的应用[编辑]

全字母句有很多用途,而不仅仅是游戏。例如,全字母句“The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog”被Western Union发展起来用于测试Telex/TWX数据通讯设备的精确性和可靠性。还有在不少系統中,全字母句也被用于显示字体,而測試有沒有錯誤,因為他包含了所有的字母。

处理应用[编辑]

全字母句经常被用于测试新字体和打印机。因为,每个字母都会在句中出现。它也可以像Lorem ipsum那样用于一个简单的文本替代。

参见[编辑]

链接[编辑]