海蛄蝦

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Upogebia deltaura (Gebiidea: Upogebiidae)
Pestarella tyrrhena (Axiidea: Callianassidae)

海蛄蝦是多種棲息於海底泥沙、類蝦形的甲殼類動物的總稱。 這些物種本來曾放在十足目腹胚亞目之下的「海蛄蝦下目」,但這個分類現時已棄用,因為研究顯示原來在這個下目之下的物種,其實分別來自兩條不同的演化路徑,也就是今日取代這個下目的GebiideaAxiidea[1][2]。Recent molecular analyses have shown that thalassinideans are most closely related to Brachyura (crabs) and Anomura (hermit crabs and their allies). There are believed to be 556 extant species of thalassinideans in 96 genera,[3] with the greatest diversity in the tropics, although with some species reaching latitudes above 60° north. About 95% of species live in shallow water, with only three taxa living below 2,000米(6,600英尺).[4]

分類[编辑]

甲蝦下目與蝼蛄虾下目是從原來的海蛄蝦下目Thalassinidea)分拆出來的,原來是海蛄蝦的總科[6][5]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ K. Sakai. The diphyletic nature of the Infraorder Thalassinidea (Decapoda, Pleocyemata) as derived from the morphology of the gastric mill. Crustaceana. 2004, 77 (9): 1117–1129. doi:10.1163/1568540042900268. JSTOR 20107419. 
  2. ^ Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; 等. A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 2009,. Suppl. 21: 1–109. 
  3. ^ Peter C. Dworschak. Global diversity in the Thalassinidea (Decapoda): an update (1998-2004) (PDF). Nauplius. 2005, 13 (1): 57–63. 
  4. ^ Peter C Dworschak. Global diversity in the Thalassinidea (Decapoda) (PDF). Journal of Crustacean Biology. 2000, 20: 238–243. doi:10.1163/1937240X-90000025. JSTOR 1549501. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 刘文亮. 中国海域螯虾类和海蛄虾类分类及地理分布特点. 中国科学院研究生院(海洋研究所)2010年博士論文. 2010 (中文(简体)‎). 
  6. ^ WoRMS. Thalassinidea. World Register of Marine Species. 

参见[编辑]