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漢默史密斯及城市線

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Hammersmith & City line flag box.svg
顏色 淺鮭紅(Salmon Pink)
啟用年份 1863年
路線類型 淺層隧道
使用車輛 London Underground S7 Stock
車站數目 28
長度(公里) 26.5
長度(英里) 16.5
車廠 漢默史密斯 (Hammersmith)
尼斯頓 (Neasden)
乘客數目 45,845,000 (每年)
倫敦交通局的鐵路路線
倫敦地鐵路線
  貝克魯線
  中央線
  環線
  區域線
  漢默史密斯及城市線
  银禧线
  大都會線
  北線
  皮卡迪利線
  維多利亞線
  滑鐵盧及城市線
其他路線
  碼頭區輕便鐵路
  倫敦電車連線
  倫敦地上鐵

漢默史密斯和城市線倫敦地鐵的路線之一,在漢默史密斯(Hammersmith)與柏京間運行。此線在倫敦地鐵路線圖裡以淺鮭紅色代表,營運里程25.5公里,共有29個車站。以前為大都會線的一部分,是世界上最古老的地下鐵路之一。由帕丁頓至法靈頓的一段在1863年1月10日通車。

歷史[编辑]

截至1988年,本線是倫敦地鐵大都會線的分支,及後升格至一條獨立的路線,並行走都市線剩餘的部分:從漢默史密斯至貝克街;及從利物浦街站柏京。上述路段都不包括在都市線的路線中。

本線的名稱來自於漢默史密斯及城市鐵路(Hammersmith and City Railway,縮寫H&CR)。H&CR是一條建於1864年,長5公里(3英里),連接漢默史密斯站和西邦爾公園(Westbourne Park)的路線。在1864至68年間,本線和Metropolitan and Great Western Railways聯營。

由於此線的設立較為「近期」(1988年設立,就倫敦地鐵的歷史而言是相對近期),有許多釘上永久性金屬或瓦片路線圖的車站,仍然顯示途經那裡的線路為都市線。

列車[编辑]

漢默史密斯及城市線自2014年2月開始全線採用7卡的S stock行駛。

所有漢默史密斯及城市線的S7 stock列車均塗上紅色,白色和藍色的倫敦地鐵色彩。本線與環線區域線(溫布頓至艾奇韋爾路分支)共用列車。

路線圖[编辑]

漢默史密斯及城市線的地理實際路線

沿線車站[编辑]

車站 圖片 啟用 備註 位置
漢默史密斯Hammersmith 無障礙設施 A brown-bricked building with a rectangular, blue sign reading "HAMMERSMITH STATION" in white letters all under a grey sky 1864年6月13日 於1868年12月1日遷移至現址。 [1] 51°29′39″N 000°13′30″W / 51.49417°N 0.22500°W / 51.49417; -0.22500 (01 - Hammersmith tube station)
金販道
Goldhawk Road
An entrance under a railway brick viaduct with a blue sign reading "GOLDHAWK ROAD STATION" in white letters and two women walking in front all under a grey sky 1914年4月1日 51°30′07″N 000°13′37″W / 51.50194°N 0.22694°W / 51.50194; -0.22694 (02 - Goldhawk Road tube station)
牧羊叢市場
Shepherd's Bush Market
A railway on a brick viaduct crosses a road on a steel bridge, with an entrance below a blue sign reading "SHEPHERD'S BUSH MARKET STATION" in white letters 1864年6月13日 於1914年4月1日遷移至現址。[1] 2008年由牧羊叢(Shepherd's Bush)改為現名。[2] 51°30′21″N 000°13′35″W / 51.50583°N 0.22639°W / 51.50583; -0.22639 (03 - Shepherd's Bush Market tube station)
伍德巷
Wood Lane 無障礙設施
A silver metal and glass building with a blue sign with "WOOD LANE STATION" in white letters 1 May 1908 Open as Wood Lane (Exhibition) 1908–14 and as required from 1920 as Wood Lane (White City). Renamed White City in 1947 and closed in 1959,[1] relocated and re-opened as Wood Lane on 12 October 2008.[3] 51°30′35″N 000°13′27″W / 51.50972°N 0.22417°W / 51.50972; -0.22417 (04 - Wood Lane tube station)
力提瑪路
Latimer Road
A railway on a brick viaduct crosses a road, an entrance in the brickwork below a sign reading "LATIMER ROAD STATION" 16 December 1868 Closed between 17 January and 1 August 2011 for refurbishment and extension works[4] 51°30′50″N 000°13′02″W / 51.51389°N 0.21722°W / 51.51389; -0.21722 (05 - Latimer Road tube station)
蘭僕林Ladbroke Grove A brick building with an entrance below a sign reading "LADBROKE GROVE STATION". Three people are in a group ouside the entrance 13 June 1864 Opened as Notting Hill, renamed Notting Hill & Ladbroke Grove in 1880, Ladbroke Grove (North Kensington) in 1919 and Ladbroke Grove in 1938.[1] 51°31′02″N 000°12′38″W / 51.51722°N 0.21056°W / 51.51722; -0.21056 (06 - Ladbroke Grove tube station)
西邦爾公園 Westbourne Park A dirty, white-bricked building with a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "WESTBOURNE PARK STATION" in white letters all under a blue sky 1 February 1866 Moved to current position 1 November 1871,[1] and a Great Western main line station until 1992.[註 1][5][6] 51°31′16″N 000°12′04″W / 51.52111°N 0.20111°W / 51.52111; -0.20111 (07 - Westbourne Park tube station)
皇家橡
Royal Oak
A brown-bricked building with a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "ROYAL OAK STATION" in white letters all under a light blue sky 30 October 1871 Also a Great Western main line station until 1934.[7] 51°31′09″N 000°11′17″W / 51.51917°N 0.18806°W / 51.51917; -0.18806 (08 - Royal Oak tube station)
帕丁頓
Paddington
A platform with several people waiting for a train. A white square sign has a London Underground roundel with "PADDINGTON" in the centre. To the right there is a track with fourth track electrification and on an adjacent track a blue multiple unit train with red doors waits. 10 January 1863 Opened as Paddington (Bishop's Road), renamed in 1948.[1]
Connects with Bakerloo and District lines and Paddington main line station.
51°31′07″N 000°10′46″W / 51.51861°N 0.17944°W / 51.51861; -0.17944 (09 - Paddington station (H&C platforms))
艾奇韋爾路 Edgware Road A tan-coloured building with brown-framed windows and a sign reading "METROPOLITAN EDGWARE ROAD STATION RAILWAY" in brown letters 10 January 1863 Connects with District and Circle lines. 51°31′12″N 000°10′04″W / 51.52000°N 0.16778°W / 51.52000; -0.16778 (10 - Edgware Road tube station)
貝克街
Baker Street
A street filled with people in front of a light grey building that has variously coloured signs protruding from it stating a variety of different things 10 January 1863 Connects with Bakerloo, Jubilee and Metropolitan lines. 51°31′19″N 000°09′25″W / 51.52194°N 0.15694°W / 51.52194; -0.15694 (11 - Baker Street tube station)
大波特蘭街 Great Portland Street A beige-bricked building with a blue sign reading "GREAT PORTLAND STREET STATION" in white letters all under a blue sky with white clouds 10 January 1863 Opened as Portland Road, renamed Great Portland Street in 1917. Named Great Portland Street & Regent's Park 1923–33.[1] 51°31′26″N 000°08′38″W / 51.52389°N 0.14389°W / 51.52389; -0.14389 (12 - Great Portland Street tube station)
尤斯頓廣場 Euston Square A building covered in windows with a blue sign reading "EUSTON SQUARE STATION" in white letters all under a blue sky with white clouds 10 January 1863 Opened as Gower Street and renamed in 1909.[1] Connects with Euston main line station. 51°31′33″N 000°08′09″W / 51.52583°N 0.13583°W / 51.52583; -0.13583 (13 - Euston Square tube station)
國王十字
聖潘克拉斯

King's Cross St. Pancras 無障礙設施
Beneath a blue sign reading "KING'S CROSS ST. PANCRAS UNDERGROUND STATION several people exit from an entrance leading to steps down. To the right there are silver doors under a sign reading "Lift". The sky is overcast, above the entrance is a dark blue temporary building 10 January 1863 Opened as King's Cross, renamed King's Cross & St. Pancras in 1925 and King's Cross St. Pancras in 1933. Moved to current position in 1941.[1]
Connects with Northern, Piccadilly and Victoria lines St Pancras and King's Cross main line stations.
51°31′49″N 000°07′27″W / 51.53028°N 0.12417°W / 51.53028; -0.12417 (14 - King's Cross St. Pancras tube station)
菲靈頓 Farringdon 無障礙設施 A street view of a pale stone two storey building. Across the top of the building signs read "FARRINGDON & HIGH HOLBORN STATION" and "METROPOLITAN RAILWAY" in gold colour lettering. At ground level a canopy extends into the street around a blue sign reads "FARRINGDON STATION" with the London Underground roundel and National Rail symbols, and just above an entrance is a gold lettering reading "ENTRANCE". Either side of the entrance are shops, bicycles are in bicycle stands and people are walking on the pavement in front of the building 10 January 1863 Opened as Farringdon Street, and moved to current position in 1865. Renamed Farringdon & High Holborn in 1922 and Farringdon in 1936.[1]
Connects with Thameslink services.
51°31′12″N 000°06′19″W / 51.52000°N 0.10528°W / 51.52000; -0.10528 (15 - Farringdon station)
巴貝肯
Barbican
Across a road with a London taxi and a car is an entrance. This has people standing in it and above is a blue rectangular sign reading "BARBICAN STATION" in white and above this is a bridge linking the building 23 December 1865 Opened as Aldersgate Street, then Aldersgate in 1910, Aldersgate & Barbican in 1923 and Barbican in 1968.[1] 51°31′13″N 000°05′52″W / 51.52028°N 0.09778°W / 51.52028; -0.09778 (16 - Barbican tube station)
沼澤門
Moorgate
Across a street and behind black bollards is a brick building of at least two storeys. The ground floor is stone coloured and two people are standing in a dark entrance beneath a blue rectangular sign reading "MOORGATE STATION" in white. Above this, attached to be wall at 90 degrees is a white rectangular sign with the National Rail logo and London Underground roundel. Above this, below three windows, blue lettering reads "MOORGATE STATION" 23 December 1865 Opened as Moorgate Street, renamed in 1924.[1]
Connects with Northern line and the main line.
51°31′07″N 000°05′19″W / 51.51861°N 0.08861°W / 51.51861; -0.08861 (17 - Moorgate station)
利物浦街 Liverpool Street The end of a brick building with arched windows and sloping roofs lies between two towers with steeples. In front of this is a white metal an glass structure. People are standing and walking in the street in front. 11 July 1875 From February to July 1875 trains used platforms in the mainline station.[8]
Connects with Central and Circle lines and Liverpool Street mainline station.
51°31′04″N 000°04′59″W / 51.51778°N 0.08306°W / 51.51778; -0.08306 (18 - Liverpool Street station)
奧德門東
Aldgate East
In the middle of building works a glass doors show banisters leading down beneath a sign reading "ALDGATE EAST STATION", this beneath a canopy supported on four girders. 6 October 1884 Connects with District line. Moved to current position in 1938.[1] 51°30′55″N 000°04′20″W / 51.51528°N 0.07222°W / 51.51528; -0.07222 (19 - Aldgate East tube station)
白教堂
Whitechapel
Two entrances on the ground floor of what looks like a terraced house between a shop with green sign reading "Fresh" and a building with a sign reading "Lecture Hall" above a door 6 October 1884 Connects with London Overground services. Opened as Whitechapel (Mile End), renamed in 1901. Metropolitan service began in 1906, and withdrawn 1913–36.[1] 51°31′08″N 000°03′40″W / 51.51889°N 0.06111°W / 51.51889; -0.06111 (20 - Whitechapel station)
士得利園 Stepney Green A brick building under a slate roof with a pale front; two arched doorways on the left and four arched windows to the right, above which a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "STEPNEY GREEN STATION" in white letters 23 June 1902 Metropolitan service began in 1941.[1] 51°31′19″N 000°02′47″W / 51.52194°N 0.04639°W / 51.52194; -0.04639 (21 - Stepney Green tube station)
哩尾
Mile End
A grey-bricked building with a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "MILE END STATION" in white letters all under a light blue sky with white clouds 2 June 1902 Cross platform interchange with Central line. Metropolitan service began in 1936.[1] 51°31′30″N 000°01′59″W / 51.52500°N 0.03306°W / 51.52500; -0.03306 (22 - Mile End tube station)
堡路
Bow Road
A red-bricked building with a blue sign reading "BOW ROAD STATION" in white letters and a tree in the foreground all under a blue sky with white clouds 11 June 1902 Main line station opened in 1876 and moved in 1892.[9] Metropolitan service began in 1936,[1] main line station closed in 1947.[9] 51°31′38″N 000°01′29″W / 51.52722°N 0.02472°W / 51.52722; -0.02472 (23 - Bow Road tube station)
堡貝門利 Bromley-by-Bow A squat bricked building behind a concrete wall with a dark blue sign reading "BROMLEY-BY-BOW STATION" in white letters 2 June 1902 Opened as main line station in 1894. First served as Bromley, Metropolitan service began in 1936, main line station closed in 1940 and renamed in 1967.[1][10] 51°31′26″N 000°00′41″W / 51.52389°N 0.01139°W / 51.52389; -0.01139 (24 - Bromley-by-Bow tube station)
西汉姆
West Ham 無障礙設施
A brown-bricked building with a large, grey sign reading "WEST HAM" in white letters and four people in front all under a light grey sky 2 June 1902 Connects with Jubilee line, Docklands Light Railway and c2c services. Main line station opened 1901, Named West Ham (Manor Road) from 1924–69, Metropolitan service began in 1941 and main line station closed 1994.[1][11] 51°31′41″N 000°00′14″E / 51.52806°N 0.00389°E / 51.52806; 0.00389 (25 - West Ham station)
柏斯多
Plaistow
A red bricked cube shaped building with a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "PLAISTOW STATION" in white letters and people walking on the pavement in front 2 June 1902 Main line station opened in 1858.[12] Metropolitan service began in 1936.[1] 51°31′53″N 000°01′02″E / 51.53139°N 0.01722°E / 51.53139; 0.01722 (26 - Plaistow tube station)
烏普頓公園 Upton Park A red-and-brown bricked building with a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "UPTON PARK STATION" in white letters all under a light blue sky 2 June 1902 Main line station opened in 1877.[13] Metropolitan service began in 1936.[1] 51°32′06″N 000°02′04″E / 51.53500°N 0.03444°E / 51.53500; 0.03444 (27 - Upton Park tube station)
东汉姆
East Ham 無障礙設施
A red- and brown-bricked building with a blue sign reading "EAST HAM STATION" in white letters and people walking in front all under a white sky 2 June 1902 Main line station opened in 1858.[14] Metropolitan service began in 1936.[1] 51°32′20″N 000°03′06″E / 51.53889°N 0.05167°E / 51.53889; 0.05167 (28 - East Ham tube station)
柏京
Barking 無障礙設施
A glass and steel building with a canopy, a row of shops at ground level. There is a bus waiting at a bus stop in front of the building, and cars waiting with people. A sign above an entrance readings "Barking" with symbols for National Rail and London Underground. 2 June 1902 Connects with c2c, London Overground, and District line services to Upminster. Main line station opened in 1854.[15] District Railway service withdrawn 1905–8. Metropolitan service began in 1936.[1] 51°32′21″N 000°04′54″E / 51.53917°N 0.08167°E / 51.53917; 0.08167 (29 - Barking station)

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 Rose 2007.
  2. ^ Modernisation complete as Shepherd's Bush Tube station re-opens. Transport for London. 7 October 2008 [6 February 2013]. 
  3. ^ New Wood Lane Underground station opens. Transport for London. 14 October 2008 [8 December 2012]. 
  4. ^ Latimer Road station to close for three months for engineering works. Transport for London. 14 January 2011 [7 February 2013]. 
  5. ^ Butt 1995, p. 244.
  6. ^ Leboff 1994, p. 152.
  7. ^ Leboff 1994, p. 116.
  8. ^ Jackson 1986, p. 70.
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Butt 1995, p. 41.
  10. ^ Butt 1995, p. 45.
  11. ^ Butt 1995, p. 245.
  12. ^ Butt 1995, p. 186.
  13. ^ Butt 1995, p. 238.
  14. ^ Butt 1995, p. 88.
  15. ^ Butt 1995, p. 27.

外部連結[编辑]



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