非異性戀

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图示为2007年的一次骄傲游行,其中的LGBT群体不可能将自己称作“非异性恋”,尽管由于多种原因,研究者这样称呼他们。[1]

非异性恋英语Non-heterosexual)是一个雨傘術語(即集合性术语),可以用来描述同性恋双性恋无性恋以及其他不再被认为是异性恋的人。[2][3] 该术语定义了“什么是社會規範以及一个特定群体如何不合规范的概念”。[4] 非异性恋被用在女權主義性别研究领域,也在学术作品中用来区分性取向,而使用它可以有多种理解。[5][6][7][8] 该术语和酷儿(queer)很类似,只不过没有后者的政治寓意,显得更有学术气息。“酷儿”一词一般是指不合社会常规且非异性恋。[9][10][11] 一些观点认为该术语富于争议且充满轻蔑以为,因为它“给不符合异性恋常规的人贴上标签,以此来强调异性恋即正常”。[12][13] 而其他人则认为非异性恋一词只是一个在研究领域保持一致性的有用术语,他们认为该术语“凸显了我们的语言在性取向方面的不足”。例如,该术语的使用可以使忽视双性恋的趋势消减。[14]

参见[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Klesse, Christian. The Spectre of Promiscuity: Gay Male and Bisexual Non-Monogamies and Polyamories. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. 2007 [2008-07-24]. ISBN 0754649067. 
  2. ^ Dilley, Patrick. Queer Man on Campus: A History of Non-Heterosexual College Men 1945-2000. Routledge. 2002: 4–16 [2008-07-24]. ISBN 0415933374. 
  3. ^ Hinds, Hilary; Ann Phoenix, Jackie Stacey. Working Out: New Directions For Women's Studies. Routledge. 1992: 85–95 [2008-07-24]. ISBN 0750700432. 
  4. ^ Stevens, Richard A Jr. Queer Man on Campus: A History of Non-Heterosexual College Men, 1945-2000. Journal of College Student Development. May/June 2005 [2008-07-24]. 
  5. ^ Jaggar, Alison M. Living with Contradictions: Controversies in Feminist Social Ethics. Westview Press. 1994: 499–502 [2008-07-24]. ISBN 0813317762. 
  6. ^ Munt, Sally. Butch/femme: Inside Lesbian Gender. Continuum International Publishing Group. 1998: 93–100, 226, 228 [2008-07-24]. ISBN 0304339598. 
  7. ^ Mathijs, Ernest; Janet Jones. Big Brother International: Format, Critics and Publics. Wallflower Press. 2004: 1945–55 [2008-07-24]. ISBN 1904764185. 
  8. ^ Jewkes, Yvonne. Dot.Cons: Crime, Deviance and Identity on the Internet. Willan Publishing. 2002: 59–65 [2008-07-24]. ISBN 184392000X. 
  9. ^ Weeks, Jeffrey; Brian Heaphy, Catherine Donovan. Same Sex Intimacies: Families of Choice and Other Life Experiments. Routledge. 2001: viii [2008-07-24]. ISBN 0415254779. 
  10. ^ Taylor, Victor E.; Charles E. Winquist. Encyclopedia of Postmodernism. Taylor & Francis. 2001: 327 [2008-07-24]. ISBN 0415152941. 
  11. ^ Beasley, Chris; Charles E. Winquist. Gender & Sexuality: Critical Theories, Critical Thinkers. Sage Publications Inc. 2005: 161 [2008-07-24]. ISBN 0761969799. 
  12. ^ Yip, Andrew K.T. Queering Religious Texts: An Exploration of British Non-heterosexual Christians’ and Muslims’ Strategy of Constructing Sexuality-affirming Hermeneutics. Nottingham Trent University. 2004 [2008-07-24]. ; PDF version
  13. ^ Browne, Kath. Negotiations and Fieldworkings: Friendship and Feminist Research. University of Brighton. 2003 [2008-07-24]. ; PDF version
  14. ^ Parker, Blaise Astra. Queer Theory Goes To College. Journal of Sex Research. 2004-05 [2008-07-24].  "He includes interviews of some men who have a behaviorally bisexual pattern, but none of men who self-identify as bisexual. Therefore, the term non-heterosexual was inherently problematic to me, given that I am sensitive to issues of bisexual exclusion."