組態管理

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索

組態管理英语Configuration Management,簡稱 CM),或譯為配置管理,是一個建立系統工程的過程,用來建立與維持一個產品,讓這個產品的效能、功能,以及它所要求的物理特性,在它的生命週期中,都能保持穩定與一致性。

資訊電信的領域,組態管理、或組態控制(configuration control)擁有以下的意涵:

  1. 從一特定系統壽命的開發期到營運期,憑藉針對自動化資料系統硬體軟體韌體文件測試測試設備、以及測試文件所做的變更的管制,進行安全特點與安全保證的管理,原始碼管理、或版本控制是其中的一部份;
  2. 系統生命週期內從頭到尾,針對硬體、軟體、韌體、以及文件所做的變更(包括其衍生出的紀錄)的管制;
  3. 針對複雜系統的發展的管制、與適應。是一種規則,能讓逐步成形的軟體產品持續處於控制之下,因此能夠滿足品質,延緩限制。軟體形態管理(或簡稱SCM)可劃分為二個區域,SCM 的第一個(較為早期的)區域,是關於在軟體開發方案期間所產生的實體的儲存,有時會交付構件倉庫管理(Component Repository Management,簡稱CRM)。SCM 的第二個區域,是關於這些實體的生產、亦或變更的活動,工程支援一詞也經常關聯於這第二個區域;
  4. 當建立了一個(電信、或資訊系統的)形態之後,針對該形態、或與其相關聯的系統構件所做的評估、與變更核准;
  5. 針對分散佇列雙匯流排(Distributed Queue Dual Bus,簡稱DQDB)型式的網路,保證一特定DQDB網路的所有節點上的資源,都會被安裝到一個正確的雙匯流排拓蹼(dual-bus topology)的功能。這些被控管的功能,包括匯流排的表頭資料(Head of Bus,簡稱HOB)、外部計時來源、以及內定的訊槽產生器(Slot generator)等功能;

軟體組態管理(SCM)的產品[编辑]

更完整的列表參見版本控制軟體列表

  • Cfengine, administers and configures computers according to high-level language configuration files
  • CodeBeamer,a web-based collaborative development tool including tracker with workflow, CMDB, document management, forum, wiki, source code browsing functions, and Escalation Management(Optional), supports Eclipse, ANT, CVS, Subversion, Git, Mercurial, etc.
  • KONFIG CM, [1]the total configuration management solution for software, hardware, data and all physical items.
  • LCFG, a large scale UNIX configuration system
  • Puppet, administers and configures computers according to high-level configuration files
  • ControlTieropen source configuration management and process automation tools for deploying multi-tier enterprise applications.
  • NetDirectorNetDirector is an open source configuration management tool for managing open source applications running on many variants of Linux. Unique features include the ability to simultaneously push changes out to many different platforms.
  • IsiSetup provides a commandline interface to manage your system configuration files using a revision control tool. It runs on most Debian-based distributions and integrates well into the Debian package management system.
  • Changelogic enables web based branch, task and release management. It supports CVS and Subversion for underlying version control.
  • Configuration Management Kit a collection of templates, draft plans and similar resources to support CM implementation..
  • SMS 2003 Desired Configuration Monitoring a free download to enable definition of configuration items, automated configuration compliance auditing and compliance reporting
  • Mercury Universal CMDB, a toolset consisting of a business/service data model with built-in auto-discovery of configurations dependencies, visualization and business services mapping, and capabilities to track and measure configuration changes.

軟體/硬體/網路 組態管理的構成要素(CMDB)[编辑]

  • ZENmetrics, an agentless software component for collecting and integrating CMDB data with 3rd party and bespoke applications.
  • RANCID - networking equipment configuration monitoring/management software
  • Efecte – A commercial CMDB implementation for configuration and change management. Supports most ITIL processes.

軟體/硬體/網路 組態管理的服務管理套餐[编辑]

組態管理相關網站[编辑]

  • CMBoK, 共同研究『形態管理知識體系』(Configuration Management Body of Knowledge,簡寫CMBOK) 的網站;
  • CmWiki, Configuration Management Wiki - 一個專注於形態管理的wiki網站;
  • Cm Yellowpages, Resource Directory for all things CM related
  • CM Community, Connecting Configuration Management Professionals around the World: An independent website which contains numerous resources on configuration management which includes CM Forum, CM Jobs Database, CM Salary Survey, CM processes and etc.
  • ABS Consulting, Professional SCM services company specializing in Rational ClearCase
  • ITIL Configuration Management, Major forum discussing CM in the context of ITIL
  • CM Crossroads, an online community and resource center for Configuration Management featuring discussion forums, jobs board and newsletters including the CM Journal
  • UCMcentral, Configuration Management Coffee Break Site
  • Steve Easterbrook's CM Resource Guide [2]
  • Parallel Development Strategies for Software Configuration Management [3]
  • An article on Open source configuration management tools, including references to many of them, see Comments on OSS/FS Software Configuration Management (SCM) Systems
  • CM Magazin, a German-language online magazine for Configuration Management
  • Institute of Configuration Management, home of CM II [4]
  • Comparison chart of version control products

參見[编辑]

外部連結[编辑]

來源[编辑]