仇恨

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仇恨又稱怨恨憎惡,是一種感到不滿的情緒反應意指強烈的敵意與反感。仇恨通常是由畏懼、憤怒、厭惡以及受傷害或被冒犯的感受所衍生而來[1]。與「」相反,是人在自己的感情或尊嚴被損害時產生的反應。蘇格蘭哲學家大衛·休謨認為恨是一種束縛的感覺,是無法被定義的[2]

參見[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ 藝術與建築索引典—仇恨 於2011 年4 月11 日查閱
  2. ^ Royzman, E. B., Drake , C. & [Michael Jackson], P. (2005). From Plato to Putnam: Four ways to think about hate. In The Psychology of Hate by Sternberg, R.

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • The Psychology of Hate by Robert Sternberg (Ed.)
  • Hatred: The Psychological Descent into Violence by Willard Gaylin
  • Why We Hate by Jack Levin
  • The Psychology of Good and Evil : Why Children, Adults, and Groups Help and Harm Others by Ervin Staub
  • Prisoners of Hate: The Cognitive Basis of Anger, Hostility, and Violence by Aaron T. Beck
  • Becoming Evil: How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing by James Waller