Intervening in Syria and Iraq:
Intervening in Syria only:
Ahmed Gaid Salah
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (WIA) (Leader)
Abu Abdullah al-Filipini (ISIL Emir of the Philippines and Co-Leader of Abu Sayyaf)
Radullan Sahiron (Co-Leader of Abu Sayyaf)
Abu Khayr al-Masri † (al-Qaeda deputy leader) Abu Jaber (Leader of Tahrir al-Sham)
Abu Yahia al-Hamawi
13,568 Iraqi and Syrian civilians killed by ISIL
3,300,000 Iraqi civilians displaced
- Australia says it is deploying warplanes to join Iraq campaign. The Daily Telegraph. Yahoo. 22 September 2014 [22 September 2014].
- Om, Jason. Federal Cabinet gives go ahead to RAAF air strikes on Islamic State in Syria. ABC News. 9 September 2015 [10 October 2015].
- Minister Sajjan Announces Extension of Canada’s Contribution to the Global Coalition against Da’esh. National Defence. National Defence / Canadian Armed Forces. [1 May 2017].
- Battling Dutch, Belgium prepare to send forces. MSN. （原始内容存档于29 September 2014）.
- Denmark, Isis. The Huffington Post. 9 September 2014. （原始内容存档于27 September 2014）.
- Sweden rejects calls for military support to Iraq. The Local. SE. 18 August 2014 [18 August 2014].
- Sweden to increase support in fight against ISIS. Radio Sweden. 21 July 2016.
- Islamic State: France ready to launch Iraq air strikes. BBC. 18 September 2014 [18 September 2014].
- France bombs Isis depot in Iraq. The Guardian. 21 September 2014 [19 September 2014].
- Syria conflict: German MPs vote for anti-IS military mission. BBC News. 4 December 2015.
- Germany joins anti-Isis military campaign. theguardian. 4 December 2015.
- German parliament approves anti-IS Bundeswehr mission in Syria. Deutsche Welle. 4 December 2015.
- Isis, la guerra segreta dell'Italia: forze speciali in Libia e Iraq. Ma il Parlamento è all'oscuro di tutto - Il Fatto Quotidiano.
- Anche l’Italia fa la guerra all’Isis: missioni segrete dei nostri soldati in Iraq e Libia.
- Turkey trains Kurdish peshmerga forces in fight against ISIL. world bulletin.net. [23 November 2014].
- Turkey bombs Islamic State targets in Syria. BBC News. 24 July 2015 [24 July 2015].
- Dutch send fighter jets to strike Iraq. Yahoo. （原始内容存档于2014-09-25）.
- Young, Sarah. Britain ready to supply Kurds with arms. Reuters. 15 August 2014 [18 August 2014].
- Jordan carries out air strikes in Iraq, killing 55 IS militants. i24 News. i24 News. 4 February 2015 [4 February 2015].
- Morocco is the latest Arab nation to respond to an American appeal for more firepower, sending several F-16s to the fight 
- Morocco is to send F-16s to attack the militants under the US-led operation 
- Officials said the North African kingdom has agreed to join the U.S.-led coalition air strikes against ISIL positions in Iraq and Syria.
- Moroccan F-16 Carry Out Airstrikes Against ISIS. Morocco World News.
- RAF jets sent on Iraqi combat mission. BBC News. 27 September 2014 [21 October 2014].
- Syria air strikes conducted by UK military pilots. BBC News. 17 July 2015 [24 July 2015].
- UK troops to train moderate Syrian opposition. Ministry of Defence. 26 March 2015.
- Likmeta, Besar. Albania Starts Shifting Weapons to Iraqi Kurds. Balkan Insight. 27 August 2014.
- Klix.ba. BiH će Iraku donirati više od 15 miliona metaka za borbu protiv IDIL-a. klix.ba(In Bosnian). Bosnia and Herzegovina. [6 January 2015].
- До 2020 година 1.8 млрд. лв. ще бъдат вложени в армията [1.8 bln. lv will be invested in the military by 2020]. BG: Dir. 20 September 2014 [20 September 2014] （保加利亚语）.
Shalamanov does not consider the conflict in Ukraine to be the only short-term threat for Bulgarian national security, which is why our country is sending armaments to the opponents of Islamic State... According to him, the events in northern Iraq and Syria represent a growing risk that threatens our national interests.
- Hrvatska u borbi protiv islamista: Na zahtjev SAD-a šaljemo oružje za iračku vojsku. Jutarnji list (HR). 21 August 2014 [22 August 2014] （克罗地亚语）.
- Cyprus says facilities at France's disposal to fight Islamic State. Cyprus. 19 November 2015 [20 November 2015].
- Payne, Sebastian. What the 60-plus members of the anti-Islamic State coalition are doing. Washington Post (US). 22 September 2014.
- Greece Brings War Against the Islamic State. Greek Reporter. 25 September 2014.
- L’Italia pronta a bombardare Isis in Iraq. La Difesa: ipotesi da valutare. Corriere della Sera. [10 October 2015].
- Isis, Corriere della Sera: "Italia bombarderà lo Stato islamico in Iraq". Difesa: "Solo ipotesi". L'Huffington Post. [10 October 2015].
- UAE 'pulls out' of coalition air strikes against ISIL. Al Jazeera English. Al Jazeera. 4 February 2015 [4 February 2015].
- Singapore will join coalition against Islamic State. Channel NewsAsia (SG). 3 November 2014 [4 November 2014]. （原始内容存档于4 November 2014）.
- Nissenbaum, Dion. US Military Shifts to Helping Kurds Fight Back. The Wall Street Journal. 14 August 2014 [18 August 2014].
- Weaver, Matthew. Iraq crisis: EU backs plans by member states to arm Kurd fighters. The Guardian. 14 August 2014 [18 August 2014].
- Polish Aid For Refugees from Nineveh in Iraq. PL: MSZ.
- Rousek, Leos. Slovakia Launches Aid for Displaced Civilians in Northern Iraq. The Wall Street Journal (blog). 14 August 2014 [18 August 2014].
- Joint Statement Issued by Partners at the Counter-ISIL Coalition Ministerial Meeting. U.S. Department of State. 3 December 2014 [30 September 2015].
- Sweden rejects calls for military support to Iraq. The Local. SE. 18 August 2014 [18 August 2014].
- Confirmed: Israel Providing Intel Against ISIS – Defense/Security – News – Arutz Sheva. Arutz Sheva.
- Russia conducts first airstrike in Syria. CNN. September 30, 2015 [2015-09-30].
- В Ирак прибыла партия российских истребителей "Сухой". [31 March 2015].
- Sputnik. US-Russia Exchange of Intelligence to Fight ISIL Possible– Security Service. 20 February 2015 [31 March 2015].
- Россия направила в Сирию 15 тонн гуманитарной помощи. Российская газета. [31 March 2015].
- Россия отправила в Ирак 40 тонн гуманитарной помощи. Рамблер-Новости. [31 March 2015].
- Tehran's Boots on the Ground. Foreign Policy. 9 September 2014 [11 September 2014]. （原始内容存档于11 September 2014）.
- Blanford, Nicholas. Why Hezbollah is playing a smaller role in this Iraqi conflict. Christian Science Monitor. 16 July 2014 [12 October 2014].
- Schmitt, Eric; Rubin, Alissa J. US and Iraqis Try to Fragment Extremist Group. The New York Times. 12 July 2014 [13 July 2014].
- Libyan forces prepare for last push against Islamic State in Sirte. 31 August 2016 [3 October 2016] –通过Reuters.
- Algerian army claims killing 22 Isis-inspired Islamists. International Business Times. May 20, 2015 [14 January 2016].
- Boko Haram swears formal allegiance to ISIS. Associated Press. Fox News. March 8, 2015.
- An internal struggle: Al Qaeda's Syrian affiliate is grappling with its identity. Brookings Institution. 31 May 2015 [1 June 2015].
- Charkatli, Izat. Over 2,000 radical rebels defect to ISIS following intra-rebel deal. 23 February 2017.
- Search for the dead begins in Idlib after Islamic State-linked brigade leaves for Raqqa.
- Caleb Weiss. Uighur jihadist fought in Afghanistan, killed in Syria. Long War Journal. 14 February 2017 [22 February 2017].
- Nick Paton Walsh and Laura Smith-Spark, CNN. Report: Airstrikes target new Islamist group in Syria - CNN.com. CNN. 6 November 2014 [6 December 2014].
- Reuters. ISIS Lost 40 Percent of Territory in Iraq, 20 Percent in Syria: Coalition Spokesman. NBC News. [14 April 2016].
- Bustle. [23 June 2015].
- Isis controls over 50% of Syria after taking Palmyra. Newsweek. 21 May 2015 [23 June 2015].
- As Caliphate Shrinks, ISIS Expected to Head for the Hills. Middle East Online. 12 January 2017 [14 January 2017].
- Helfrich, Kim. Islamic State moves to Libya’s desert valleys after Sirte defeat - defenceWeb.
- Boko Haram War Not Yet Over. Leadership. 24 February 2017 [24 February 2017].
- France strikes Islamic State group's depot in Iraq. ABC News.
- Abdelhak Mamoun. ISIS leader al-Baghdadi is incapacitated, says the Guardian. Iraq news, the latest Iraq news. [14 May 2015].
- Report: A former physics teacher is now leading ISIS - Business Insider. Business Insider. 23 April 2015 [14 May 2015].
- ISIS' Abu Alaa al-Afri killed alongside dozens of followers in air strike - Daily Mail Online. Mail Online (London). 13 May 2015 [14 May 2015].
- Hubbard, Ben; Schmitt, Eric. Military Skill and Terrorist Technique Fuel Success of ISIS. New York Times. 27 August 2014 [21 October 2014].
- Alessandria Masi. If ISIS Leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Is Killed, Who Is Caliph Of The Islamic State Group?. International Business Times. 11 November 2014 [14 May 2015].
- Matt Bradley and Ghassan Adnan in Baghdad, and Felicia Schwartz in Washington. Coalition Airstrikes Targeted Islamic State Leaders Near Mosul. WSJ. 10 November 2014.
- Kadyrov Claims Red-Bearded Chechen Militant al-Shishani Dead. ElBalad. 14 November 2014.
- Kadyrov Says Islamic State's Leader From Georgia Killed. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 14 November 2014.
- U.S. confirms death of ISIS operative Omar al-Shishani. CNN. 14 March 2016 [14 March 2016].
- ABC News. Top ISIS Commander 'Omar the Chechen' Believed Dead After Airstrike. ABC News. [14 April 2016].
- Defense.gov News Article: Carter: Special Operations Troops Conduct Raid in Syria. [23 June 2015].
- Statement from Pentagon Press Secretary Peter Cook on Nov. 13 airstrike in Libya > U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE > News Release View. Defense.gov. [2015-12-10].
- Derna Islamist leader killed in Benghazi. Libya Herald. 17 September 2014 [17 September 2014].
- Daesh butcher captured Benghazi solider but lose a commander. Libya Herald. 1 August 2015 [1 August 2015].
- Senior ISIS commander killed in Libya. [23 June 2015].
- Antonopoulos, Paul. BREAKING: Al-Qaeda's deputy leader killed in Idlib drone strike. 26 February 2017.
- War On Terror: Who Is Abu Khayr al-Masri? Al Qaeda Second In Command Killed In Drone Strike In Syria. 26 February 2017.
- Syria: Al Qaeda Deputy Killed In Apparent Drone Strike.
- Syria's Qaeda leader killed in explosion - ARA News. ARA News. [31 March 2015].
- Syrian Nusra Front's Abu Firas killed in suspected drone strike: rebels. Reuters. 3 April 2016 [4 April 2016].
- Al-Qaeda top official killed in American strike northern Syria - ARA News. ARA News. [14 April 2016].
- Al-Qaida Reasserts Itself With Khorasan Group. NPR. 3 October 2014 [23 July 2015].
- Khorasan leader killed by U.S. air strike in Syria last week, Al-Qaida member tweets. Haaretz. 28 September 2014 [1 October 2014].
- Officials: Khorasan Group bomb maker thought dead survived. CNN. [10 December 2014].
- Key al-Qaeda figure Muhsin al-Fadhli killed in U.S. airstrike in Syria - Pentagon. BNO News. [21 July 2015].
- Starr, Barbara; Hume, Tim. Al Qaeda leader killed in U.S. airstrike, Pentagon says. CNN. 18 October 2015 [17 November 2015].
- French jihadist Drugeon killed in Syria: US official. AFP. 11 September 2015 [11 September 2015].
- Syria rebels name slain leader's replacement. Al Jazeera English. 10 September 2014 [10 September 2014].
- Abu Yahia al-Hamawi, Ahrar al-Sham's New Leader. Syria Comment. 12 September 2015 [17 September 2015].
- BBC News. US extra troops to boost fight against IS in Iraq. 18 April 2016 [21 April 2016].
- Barnes, Julian E. 2,300 U.S. Marines deploy new quick-reaction force in Kuwait. The Wall Street Journal. 1 October 2014.
- Lamothe, Dan. US companies pulling contractors from Iraqi bases as security crumbles. The Washington Post. 19 July 2014 [13 August 2014].
- Nissenbaum, Dion. Role of US Contractors Grows as Iraq Fights Insurgents. The Wall Street Journal. 3 February 2014 [13 August 2014].
- BBC news. 'Hundreds' more UK troops to be sent to Iraq - Michael Fallon. BBC News. 30 May 2015.
- See U.S. warships head for ISIS fight. CNN. 13 April 2015 [23 June 2015].
- USS Carl Vinson begins return to San Diego. 13 April 2015 [14 May 2015].
- US airstrikes in Syria, ABC News (Go)
- Hennigan, W.J.; Cloud, David S. AT WAR – AGAIN. FLCourier.com. 25 September 2014 [20 October 2014]. （原始内容存档于20 October 2014）.
- Foster, Peter. US military launches air strikes against Isil in Syria. Telegraph.co.uk (London). 23 September 2014 [20 October 2014].
- The A-10 Thunderbolt, Saved By Congress, Joins Airstrikes Against ISIS in Syria. International Business Times. 23 September 2014 [11 October 2014].
- Axe, David. Why Is America Using These Antique Planes to Fight ISIS?. thedailybeast.com. 8 March 2016 [6 April 2016].
- Raptors, bombers & drones: How US-led ISIS strikes caused carnage in Syria. RT. [25 September 2014].
- Browne, Ryan. B-52 bombers to take on ISIS. CNN.com. 8 March 2016 [6 April 2016].
- Capaccio, Tony. Pentagon Says Islamic State Fight Costs $7.6 Million/Day. Bloomberg.com. 10 October 2014 [13 October 2014].
- Kobani: US drops weapons to Kurds in Syria. TheGuardian.com. Associated Press. 20 October 2014 [20 October 2014].
- How US is Pinpointing ISIS Targets in Air War. NDTV.com. Agence France-Presse. 12 October 2014 [20 October 2014].
- Baldor, Lolita. Pentagon: Up to $1.1B cost for Iraq, Syria. MarineCorpsTimes.com. Associated Press. 6 October 2014 [20 October 2014]. （原始内容存档于7 October 2014）.
- Majumdar, Dave. Exclusive Pictures of Stealth Jet Raid on Syria. TheDailyBeast.com. 25 September 2014 [20 October 2014].
- Rush, James. Isis air strikes: US brings in Apache helicopters as British jets target militants in Iraq. The Independent (London). 6 October 2014 [8 October 2014].
- Trevithick, Joseph. U.S. Commandos Are Flying Around Iraq. Medium.com. 18 November 2014 [25 November 2014].
- Sanchez, Raf. Predator drones being flown over Isil's Syrian 'capital'. The Daily Telegraph (London). 8 September 2014 [11 October 2014].
- Reaper drones pinpoint Jihadi John: Terrorist has been tracked by British forces but security chiefs fear 'kill or capture' mission would end in failure. Daily Mail (London). 4 October 2014 [11 October 2014].
- Gordon, Greg. Once targeted, Global Hawk drone now hidden weapon in U.S. airstrikes. McClatchyDC.com. 29 September 2014 [20 October 2014]. （原始内容存档于28 January 2015）.
- Tilghman, Andrew. Near ISIS front, U.S. Marine artillerymen ‘fire every day’. militarytimes.com. 7 April 2016 [29 April 2016].
- Trevithick, Joseph. The U.S. Army Hurls Hundreds of Rockets at Islamic State. WarIsBoring.com. 25 November 2015 [29 April 2016].
- Cooper, Hayden. Australians back air strikes against Isis in Iraq by three to one, poll shows. The Guardian. 5 October 2014 [5 October 2014].
- Australia says ready to strike ISIL in Iraq. AlJazeera.com. 3 October 2014 [6 October 2014].
- Deal agreed for Australian forces to deploy in Iraq, Foreign Minister Julie Bishop says. ABC News. 20 October 2014.
- Bree, Max. Largest group in decades. Australian Department of Defence. 9 October 2014: 3 [7 October 2014].
- McGuirk, Rod. Australia says it will launch airstrikes in Iraq. Navy Times. Associated Press. 3 October 2014 [5 October 2014].[失效連結]
- Radulova, Lillian. Australian military transport plane 'shot at' by Islamic State fighters in northern Iraq while delivering aid. Daily Mail (London). 1 September 2014 [5 October 2014].
- Partner Nations Contributions Summary. Justin Fishel. 23 September 2014 [11 October 2014].
- McInnis, Kathleen. Coalition Contributions to Countering the Islamic State (PDF). Federation of American Scientists. Congressional Research Service: 10. 18 November 2015 [21 December 2015].
- Operation Inherent Resolve - Canada. Operation Inherent Resolve. Operation Inherent Resolve. [21 June 2016].
- Canadian Armed Forces expands contribution to Global Coalition to defeat ISIL. Government of Canada. National Defence / Canadian Armed Forces. May 19, 2016 [June 21, 2016].
- MPs vote to join U.S.-led bombing campaign against ISIL. Postmedia Network Inc. October 7, 2014 [June 21, 2016]. （原始内容存档于29 November 2014）.
- Operation IMPACT. National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. [22 October 2014].
- Canadian transport planes join military effort in Iraq. The Star (Ottawa). August 15, 2014 [June 21, 2016].
- FAKTA: Danmarks militære indsats i Irak og Syrien. Information （Danish）.
- Le Charles-de-Gaulle engagé contre Daech, des Rafale décollent en mission. L'Express. 23 February 2015 [20 April 2015].
- Iraq: The aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle left the operation Shamal. Zone Militaire. 20 April 2015 [20 April 2015].
- La frégate anti-aérienne Jean Bart quitte l’opération Chammal. Zone Militaire. 30 January 2015 [20 April 2015].
- Pinotti: "Contro l’Isis 500 unità italiane in Iraq". Corriere della Sera. 10 February 2015.
- Iraq: 450 italiani a difesa diga Mosul. Arabia Saudita lancia coalizione islamica anti-Is. Repubblica.it. 15 December 2015 [1 February 2016].
- M5s: "Il governo invia caccia contro l'Is senza autorizzazione".. Repubblica.it. 16 November 2014 [6 December 2014].
- Iraq, il ministro Pinotti: "Dall'Italia 280 soldati per addestrare i curdi, Predator e armi". rainews.
- Decollano i droni italiani, missioni in Iraq e Ucraina.
- "Morocco's counter-terrorism support will focus on military, operational and intelligence aspects, according to WAM. According to the ministry, the contribution of the kingdom will focus on military operational and intelligence aspects.
- Morocco is a member of the anti-ISIL coalition where the kingdom provides intelligence and operational support to Emirati, Saudi, Bahraini, Qatari Jordanian and American forces operating in Syria.
- Morocco will send military forces to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to help fight terrorism and preserve regional peace and stability, the Foreign Ministry said on Wednesday. Speaking at a press briefing in Rabat, Moroccan Foreign Minister Salaheddine Mezouar did not reveal further information on this mission, such as the specific number of the dispatched troops. (...)"Morocco will provide military support to these brother countries in case that the Gulf states require intervention,"
- Souhail Karam. Morocco Says Sending Troops to U.A.E. to Help Counter Terrorism. Bloomberg.com. 29 October 2014.
- Dutch Parliament commits soldiers, F-16s to fight ISIS in Iraq. NL Times. [28 September 2014].
- Portugal vai enviar 30 comandos do exército para o Iraque. RTP. 16 December 2014.
- Andrew Chuter. Saudi Typhoons Use Paveway IV Bombs on ISIS. Defense News. 25 February 2015.
- Wary Spain Remains Reluctant Partner in anti-IS Coalition. Rudaw. 24 September 2014 [2 October 2014].
- Spain to send 300 soldiers to Iraq to train its Army. El País. 9 October 2014 [12 October 2014].
- Peþmerge'ye eðitim ‘Bordo Bereliler’den. HÜRRÝYET - TÜRKÝYE'NÝN AÇILIÞ SAYFASI. [25 February 2015].
- Turkish forces 'strike ISIL convoy in Syria'. [25 February 2015].
- More UK troops to train Iraqi forces. BBC News. 12 March 2016 [16 March 2016].
- UK troops to train moderate Syrian opposition. Ministry of Defence. 26 March 2015 [26 March 2015].
- British special forces join fighters on Isil front line. Telegraph. 30 September 2014 [19 November 2014].
- ISIS fighters are using human shields to protect themselves from RAF drone strikes: Militants deliberately travelling with women and children in Syria and Iraq. Daily Mail. 20 November 2015 [20 November 2015].
- RAF Typhoons Join Syrian Bombing Mission. Forces TV. 3 December 2015 [3 December 2015].
- UK details extent of combat activity over Iraq. Flightglobal. 2 March 2015 [2 March 2015].
- It's WAR: RAF Tornados bomb ISIS strongholds in Syria in two waves just 57 mins after vote. Express. 3 December 2015 [3 December 2015].
- RAF Tornado jets in Cyprus for Iraq aid mission. BBC News. 12 August 2014 [19 November 2014].
A "small number" of Chinook helicopters would also be sent for "further relief options", the Foreign Office said.
- RAF steps up Iraq and Syria spying missions in 'new Battle of Britain'. The Guardian. 19 July 2015 [19 July 2015].
- Global Gateway (PDF). Royal Air Force. March 2015.
The first Operational Atlas load was delivered to Op SHADER in Cyprus on 3 Mar - a sign of things to come.
- Frères D’Armes – Brothers in Arms. Royal Navy. 18 November 2015 [21 November 2015].
- "Russian soldiers geolocated by photos in multiple Syria locations", MARIA TSVETKOVA, November 8, 2015, Reuters. "U.S. security officials and independent experts told Reuters last week that Moscow had increased its forces in Syria to 4,000 personnel from an estimated 2,000. A U.S. defense official said multiple rocket-launcher crews and long-range artillery batteries were deployed outside four bases the Russians were using".
- 4 Russian warships launch 26 missiles against ISIS from Caspian Sea. RT English. [8 October 2015].
- Rosyjskie rakiety manewrujące uderzyły w IS. Wystrzelone z okrętu podwodnego. defence24.pl. [24 November 2015].
- Russian missile cruiser ordered to work with French in Syria. New York Daily News. 17 November 2015 [24 November 2015].
- Russia Pounds ISIS With Biggest Bomber Raid in Decades. The Daily Beast. [24 November 2015].
- Russian Marines Position Themselves in Eastern Latakia. The Aviationist. 29 September 2015 [1 October 2015].
- Thomas Gibbons-Neff. This is the airpower Russia has in Syria. The Washington Post. 21 September 2015 [30 September 2015].
- Russian Fighter Aircraft Arrive in Syria. Stratfor. 21 September 2015 [1 October 2015].
- Russian Fighter Aircraft Arrive in Syria. Stratfor. [8 October 2015].
- Schmitt, Eric; MacFarquhar, Neil. Russia Expands Fleet in Syria With Jets That Can Attack Targets on Ground. The New York Times. 21 September 2015 [16 October 2015].
- Главком ВКС РФ признал: в Сирию были переброшены зенитные ракетные системы NEWSru, 5 Nov 2015.
- Martin Chulov. Iran sends troops into Iraq to aid fight against Isis militants. the Guardian. [6 December 2014].
- Iran Appears to Be Launching Airstrikes Against ISIS in Iraq: Pentagon. NBC News.
- Iran Is Expanding Its Military Role in Iraq in a Bunch of Ways. Business Insider. [16 October 2014].
- ISIS militants have army of 200,000, claims senior Kurdish leader. ElBalad. [16 November 2014].
- ISIS can 'muster' between 20,000 and 31,500 fighters, CIA says. CNN. [15 November 2015].
- U.S. Bombing in Libya Reveals Limits of Strategy Against ISIS. The New York Times. 20 February 2016 [14 April 2016].
- ISIS Shifts to Libya After Strikes in Syria. The Washington Free Beacon. [12 January 2016].
- How Big Is Boko Haram?. 2 February 2015 [2 February 2015].
- Islamic State group loyalists eye a presence in Afghanistan. Associated Press. 8 September 2015 [30 September 2015].
- US 'tracking closely' ISIL threat in Afghanistan. Aljazeera. 18 December 2015.
- U.S.-led forces drop nearly 5,000 bombs on ISIS. Al Arabiya. 8 January 2015 [8 January 2015].
- Fears of massacre as Isis tanks lead assault on Kurdish bastion. The Times. 4 October 2014.
- ISIS: We Nabbed an Iranian Drone. The Daily Beast. [6 December 2014].
- Now ISIS has drones?. CNN. 24 August 2014.
- Footage From an ISIS Drone. NYTimes.com – Video. 30 August 2014.
- Taylor, Adam. In bizarre new video, Islamic State hostage gives tour of Kobane. Washington Post. 27 October 2014.
- Leith Fadel. ISIS Drone Downed by the Syrian Army at Kuweires Airbase in Aleppo. Al-Masdar News. [23 June 2015].
- Al-awsat, Asharq. Syria: Surfacing of ‘Hai’at Tahrir al-Sham’ Threatens Truce - ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English. 30 January 2017.
- Gen. Dempsey Claims Airstrikes in Syria that Targeted Khorasan Group Disrupted Plots Against US. KNEB Radio. （原始内容存档于2014-10-09）.
- Is Syria’s Idlib being groomed as Islamist killing ground?.
- Syrian opposition merger in Jan 2017. archicivilians. [26 January 2017].
- 15 killed (31 October 2012), 25 killed (19 November 2012), 379 killed (2013), 537–706 killed (2014), 680 killed (2015), total of 1,636–1,805 reported killed
- Iraq 2015: A Catastrophic Normal. [14 April 2016].
- Kurds needs arms to fight against ISIS - Business Insider. Business Insider. 5 June 2015 [11 June 2015].
- Ministry: 1,300 Peshmerga dead since start of war with ISIS.
- Egypt: ISIS attack kills 15 security personnel in north Sinai. [20 March 2016].
- Chad troops killed in Boko Haram counter-attack. News24.
- 11 Chadian soldiers killed in Boko Haram attack: army. AFP. 6 October 2015.
- The Christian Science Monitor. Nigerian troops rescue more Boko Haram captives from forest redoubt (+video). The Christian Science Monitor.
- Boko Haram kills one in north Cameroon attack -army. reuters.com. 17 March 2015.
- Suicide attacks killed at least 13 in northern Cameroon. Reuters. 13 July 2015.
- Nigerian military claims destruction of 10 Boko Haram camps. Fox News. 18 May 2015.
- Babak Dehghanpisheh. Iran's elite Guards fighting in Iraq to push back Islamic State. Reuters. 3 August 2014.
- Amir Vahdat. 3 Iranian troops killed in attack near Iraq border. Navy Times. 25 June 2014.[失效連結]
- Senior Iranian military adviser killed in Iraq. alarabiya.net.
- 29 Iranian soldiers killed in Iraq in a month: Reports. Middle East Eye. 5 January 2015.
- US Casualty Status (PDF). Department of Defense. [24 September 2016].
- OHara, Katy. Sailor Dies While Supporting ISIS Airstrikes in Mediterranean. military.com. [24 September 2016].
- Marszal, Andrew. Turkey tanks open fire on Isil over Syria border after soldier killed. The Telegraph (London). 23 July 2015 [24 July 2015].
- ISIL connection in attack against Turkish security forces. The Daily Sabah Turkey. 25 March 2014 [7 March 2016].
- Turkish soldier killed in cross-border fire from ISIS territory in Syria.
- Turkey hits ISIL positions in northern Iraq after Turkish soldier killed - MIDEAST. [14 April 2016].
- 109 Boko Haram fighters dead' after first attack on Niger. AFP. [6 February 2015].
- BBC News – Saudi guards killed in attack on Iraq border. BBC News.
- Hero of Russian Special Forces Killed in Syria Operation. 25 March 2016 [14 April 2016].
- BBC News. Syria conflict: Russian helicopter crashes, killing two crew. [13 April 2016].
- Four Russian servicemen killed in car blast in Syria. TASS. February 20, 2017 [February 21, 2017].
- Глава Кабардино-Балкарии подтвердил гибель двадцатого российского военного в Сирии. [12 August 2016].
- Jordan pilot hostage Moaz al-Kasasbeh 'burned alive'. BBC. 3 February 2015.
- US Special Ops chief: More than 60,000 ISIS fighters killed. CBS. 14 February 2017 [14 February 2017].
- Airstrikes in Iraq and Syria. US Department of Defense. 7 August 2015 [5 October 2015].
- SpecOps Commander: 60,000 ISIS Fighters Killed by US Troops. military.com. 14 February 2017.
- Al-Ghasri: 2500 IS radicals were killed in Sirte battle. Libya Observer. 19 December 2016 [11 November 2016].
- U.S. says 300 Islamic State fighters killed in Afghan operation. [10 August 2016].
- Egyptian air strikes in Libya kill dozens of Isis militants. The Guardian. [17 February 2015].
- SIRTE, Libya: Islamic State fighting in Libya's Sirte claims at least 19 lives - Middle East - McClatchy DC. McClatchy DC. [23 June 2015].
- US jets target senior IS leader in attack on Libya camp. Middle East Eye. [14 April 2016].
- The International Coalition completes its second year of intervention in Syria, killing more than 6200 persons, including 611 Syrian civilians. SOHR. September 22, 2016 [September 22, 2016].
- U.S. Airstrike Kills More Than 100 al-Qaida Fighters in Syria. US Department of Defense. 20 January 2017.
- US-led air strikes hit al-Qaeda affiliate in Syria. Reuters. 6 November 2014 [9 November 2014].
- Pentagon: 11 al Qaeda terrorists killed in airstrikes near Idlib, Syria - FDD's Long War Journal.
- Iraq 2014: Civilian deaths almost doubling year on year. [14 April 2016].
- 2142 civilian citizens among the 4000 people executed by the "Islamic state" during the 20th month of announcing the "Caliphate State" in Syria. SOHR. [1 March 2016].
- "Airstrike monitoring group overwhelmed by claims of U.S.-caused civilian casualties". The Washington Post. March 24, 2017.
- "Is the Australia Defence Force transparent enough about its role in Iraq and Syria?". ABC News. 14 March 2017.
- Civilians killed as Egypt launches air strikes in Libya. Al Jazeera English. [17 February 2015].
- Isis: Worst refugee crisis in a generation as millions flee Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. International Business Times. [10 July 2015].
- Lister, Charles. Not Just Iraq: The Islamic State Is Also on the March in Syria. The Huffington Post. 7 August 2014 [24 September 2014].
- Iraq: US air strike on Islamic State militants in Iraq. BBC NEWS. [2014-08-08].
- 奧巴馬威脅對敘採取行動. BBC 中文網. [2014-09-11].
- 阿拉伯十國願助美國打擊伊斯蘭國. BBC 中文網. [2014-09-12].
- Syria: US begins air strikes on Islamic State targets. BBC news. [2014-09-23].
- U.S. and Arab allies launch first strikes on militants in Syria. reuters. [2014-09-23].
F-22's First Combat Mission的参考文献提供内容
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- Including Cameroon, Chad, and Niger
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They will join the 450 British troops already in the country - and will aid counter-terrorism efforts and provide leadership training.; Better Canals, bigger harvests and more electricity in Bamyan. Department for International Development. 1 February 2016 [2 February 2016].
The UK is a key donor to the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), which supports reconstruction needs and the delivery of basic services across Afghanistan.