美国国家象征

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美国国家象征英语:National Symbols of the United States)指的是那些常常被使用作为美利坚合众国象征的事物。本文中罗列了多种可用作美利坚合众国象征的事物,部分由《美国法典》确定,另有一部分系广为人知的事实。

象征列表[编辑]

象征类型 象征名称 图像 / 音频 注释
国旗 美国国旗 Flag of the United States.svg [1]
国徽 美国国徽 Great Seal of the United States (obverse).svg
美国国徽正面
Great Seal of the United States (reverse).svg
美国国徽背面
[2]
国鸟 白头海雕 Bald Eagle Portrait.jpg [3]
国家动物英语List of national animals 美洲野牛 American bison k5680-1.jpg [4][5][6]
国歌 星条旗
[7]
国家格言
(官方性质)
In God We Trust
我们信仰上帝
[8]
国家格言
(用于造币)
E pluribus unum
合众为一
[9]
国花 玫瑰 Rosa rubiginosa 1.jpg [10]
国家进行曲 星条旗永不落
[11]
国树 橡树 Eiche bei Schönderling, 2.jpg [12]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ "The flag of the United States shall be thirteen horizontal stripes, alternate red and white; and the union of the flag shall be forty-eight stars, white in a blue field."(美國法典第4卷英语Title 4 of the United States Code第1章第1部分
    "On the admission of a new State into the Union one star shall be added to the union of the flag; and such addition shall take effect on the fourth day of July then next succeeding such admission."(美國法典第4卷英语Title 4 of the United States Code第1章第2部分
  2. ^ "The seal heretofore used by the United States in Congress assembled is declared to be the seal of the United States."(美國法典第4卷英语Title 4 of the United States Code第2章第41部分
  3. ^ Beans, Bruce E. Eagle's plume : the struggle to preserve the life and haunts of America's bald eagle 1. Bison Books print. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. 1996: 59 [2018-08-05]. ISBN 0-8032-6142-X. A modified version of Charles Thomson's proposal for the Great Seal of the United States on June 20, 1782, with a bald eagle in the center, was adopted by the Continental Congress on June 20, 1782. 
  4. ^ National Bison Legacy Act, Pub. L. 114-152, 130 Stat. 373 (approved May 9, 2016), § 3(a) ("The mammal commonly known as the 'North American bison' is adopted as the national mammal of the United States.")
  5. ^ 15 Facts About Our National Mammal: The American Bison. United States Department of the Interior. 2016-05-09 [2016-05-27]. 
  6. ^ Harris, Gardiner. Obama Signs Law Making Bison the First National Mammal. The New York Times. 2016-05-09 [2016-05-27]. 
  7. ^ "(a) The composition consisting of the words and music known as the Star-Spangled Banner is the national anthem."(美國法典第36卷英语Title 36 of the United States Code第3章第301部分
  8. ^ "'In God we trust' is the national motto."(美國法典第36卷英语Title 36 of the United States Code第3章第302部分
  9. ^ Boris I. Bittker; Scott C. Idleman; Frank S. Ravitch. Religion and the State in American Law. London. 2015-10-06: 136 [2018-08-05]. ISBN 978-1107419285. The nation's first unofficial motto was 'E pluribus unum'('Out of many, one'), which was proposed in 1776, adopted in 1782, and to this day is part of the Great Seal of the United States. 'E plurbius unum' first appeared in coinage in 1795 and in 1873 was required on all U.S. coinage... 
  10. ^ "The flower commonly known as the rose is the national floral emblem."(美國法典第36卷英语Title 36 of the United States Code第3章第303部分
  11. ^ "The composition by John Philip Sousa entitled 'The Stars and Stripes Forever' is the national march."(美國法典第36卷英语Title 36 of the United States Code第3章第304部分
  12. ^ "The tree genus Quercus, commonly known as the oak tree, is the national tree."(美國法典第36卷英语Title 36 of the United States Code第3章第305部分

外部链接[编辑]