^Raič, David. Statehood and the Law of Self-Determination. Kluwer Law International. 2002: 81 [13 September 2017]. ISBN 90-411-1890-X. （原始内容存档于2020-12-18）. In most cases, puppet States are created by the occupant during occupation of a State, for the purpose of circumventing the former's international responsibility regarding the violation of the rights of the occupied State.
^quote = The creation of puppet states or of puppet governments does not give them any special status under international law in the occupied territory. Therefore the puppet governments and puppet states have no greater rights in the occupied territory than the occupant himself. Their actions should be considered as actions of the occupant and hence subject to the limitations of the Hague Regulations.
^Shapiro, Stephen. Ultra Hush-hush. Annick Press. 2003: 38. ISBN 1-55037-778-7. Puppet state: a country whose government is being controlled by the government of another country, much as a puppeteer controls the strings on a marionette 含有內容需登入查看的頁面 (link)
^Acton, J.E.E.D.A., Ward, A.W., Prothero, G.W., Leathes, S.M., Benians, E.A. (1907) The Cambridge modern history. Vol. 8, p. 288.
^Jonathan Israel, The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477-1806. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1995, 1128.
^Hughes, James. Ethnicity and Territory in the Former Soviet Union: Regions in Conflict. London: Cass. 2002: 211. ISBN 978-0-7146-8210-5. Indeed, Nagorno-Karabakh is de facto part of Armenia.
^Cornell, Svante. Azerbaijan Since Independence. New York: M.E. Sharpe. 2011: 135. ISBN 978-0-7656-3004-9. Following the war, the territories that fell under Armenian control, in particular Mountainous Karabakh itself, were slowly integrated into Armenia. Officially, Karabakh and Armenia remain separate political entities, but for most practical matters the two entities are unified.