分产主义

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分产主义(Distributism)是宣称世界上的生产性资产应在广泛的范围而非集中的范围内持有的一种经济学理论,[1]兴起于19世纪末20世纪初,来自于天主教社会思想英语Catholic social teaching,尤其是教宗良十三世1891年的通谕新事》和庇护十一世1931年的《四十年通谕英语Quadragesimo anno》。[2][3][4]分产主义认为自由放任的资本主义国家社会主义同样具有缺陷并有剥夺性,倾向于合作社、成员持有的互助组织和小企业、大规模反垄断竞争法改革等经济机制。一些诸如美国团结党的基督教民主党主张分产主义。[5]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Zwick, Mark and Louise (2004). The Catholic Worker Movement: Intellectual and Spiritual Origins . Paulist Press. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-8091-4315-3
  2. ^ Coulter, Michael (2007). Encyclopedia of Catholic Social Thought, Social Science and Social Policy. Scarecrow Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-8108-5906-7
  3. ^ McConkey, Dale; Lawler, Peter (2003). Faith, Morality, and Civil Society. Lexington Books. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-7391-0483-5
  4. ^ Allitt, Patrick (2000). Catholic Converts: British and American Intellectuals Turn to Rome. Cornell University Press. p. 206. ISBN 978-0-8014-8663-0
  5. ^ Platform. American Solidarity Party. [14 October 2020]. The American Solidarity Party believes that political economy (economics) is a branch of political ethics, and therefore rejects models of economic behavior that undermine human dignity with greed and naked self-interest. We advocate for an economic system which focuses on creating a society of wide-spread ownership (sometimes referred to as 'distributism') rather than having the effect of degrading the human person as a cog in the machine.