印度人

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印度人
भारत के लोग
Indian people
Flag of India.svg
總人口
1,210,000,000人[1][2]
2011年印度人口普查
1,340,000,000人[3]
2017年估計
30,800,000人[4]
海外印度人
分佈地區
 印度
 沙烏地阿拉伯4,100,000[5][6]
 尼泊尔4,000,000[7]
 阿联酋3,500,000[8]
 美國3,456,477[9]
 马来西亚2,012,600[10]
 巴基斯坦2,000,000[8][11][12][13]
 英國1,451,862[14]
 加拿大1,374,710[15]
 南非1,274,867[16]
 緬甸1,030,000[17]
 模里西斯994,500[4]
 斯里蘭卡839,504[18]
 阿曼796,001[4]
 科威特700,000[19]
 卡塔尔650,000[20]
 千里達及托巴哥470,376[4]
 澳大利亚468,800[21]
 泰國465,000[4]
 巴林400,000[4]
 圭亚那327,000[4]
 斐济315,000[4]
 新加坡250,300[22]
 義大利197,301[4]
 德國161,000[23]
 荷蘭156,000[4]
 新西蘭155,178[24]
 苏里南148,000[4]
 印尼120,000[4]
 法國109,000[4]
 愛爾蘭20,000+ [25]
語言
印度語言,包括:
宗教信仰
主要宗教:
印度教
少數宗教:
相关族群
海外印度人

印度人印地語भारत के लोग,英語:Indian people)是世界上第二大的民族,其數量佔世界總人口的17.50%。「印度人」一詞指的是國籍,而不是特定的族裔語言印度民族由幾十個地區民族群體組成,反映了印度豐富而複雜的歷史。由於移民的關係,海外印度人遍布世界各地,尤其是亞洲其他地區、北美洲歐洲加勒比海地區大洋洲非洲[4]

現今,「印度人」這一稱謂僅適用於印度國民,但在1947年的印巴分治之前,居住在整個英屬印度的國民(包括現在的印度、巴基斯坦孟加拉國)也被稱為印度人[26][27]。在加拿大、加勒比海地區及美國,為了避免與加拿大的第一民族、加勒比海地區的原住民,以及美國國內稱為「印第安人」的美洲原住民混淆,印度人有時會被稱作「亞洲印第安人」(Asian Indian)或「東印第安人」(East Indian)。

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Population Enumeration Data (Final Population). Census of India. [17 June 2016]. (原始内容存档于2016-05-22). 
  2. ^ A – 2 DECADAL VARIATION IN POPULATION SINCE 1901 (PDF). Census of India. [17 June 2016]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2016-04-30). 
  3. ^ Total Population - Both Sexes. World Population Prospects, the 2017 Revision. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, Population Estimates and Projections Section. June 2017 [22 June 2017]. (原始内容存档于30 July 2017). 
  4. ^ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 Population of Overseas Indians (PDF). Ministry of External Affairs (India). 31 December 2016 [28 May 2016]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2018-12-25). 
  5. ^ How Saudi Arabia's 'Family Tax' Is Forcing Indians To Return Home. The Huffington Post. 2017-06-21 [21 June 2017]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-25). 
  6. ^ Indians brace for Saudi 'family tax'. Times of India. [21 June 2017]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-25). 
  7. ^ Where big can be bothersome 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期6 June 2011.. The Hindu. 7 January 2001.
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 India is a top source and destination for world's migrants. Pew Research Center. 3 March 2017 [7 March 2017]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-25). 
  9. ^ ASIAN ALONE OR IN ANY COMBINATION BY SELECTED GROUPS: 2016. U.S. Census Bureau. [15 October 2016]. (原始内容存档于14 February 2020). 
  10. ^ Population by States and Ethnic Group. Department of Information, Ministry of Communications and Multimedia, Malaysia. 2015. (原始内容存档于12 February 2016). 
  11. ^ Bagri, Neha Thirani. There are more Indian migrants living in Pakistan than the United States. Quartz. [7 March 2017]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-25). 
  12. ^ More Indian migrants in Pakistan than in US: Pew report - Times of India. The Times of India. [7 March 2017]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-25). 
  13. ^ More Indian migrants living in Pakistan than US: PEW Research Centre - The Express Tribune. The Express Tribune. 7 March 2017 [7 March 2017]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-25). 
  14. ^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in the United Kingdom. Office for National Statistics. 11 October 2013 [28 February 2015]. (原始内容存档于2016-01-23). 
  15. ^ Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity Highlight Tables. statcan.gc.ca. 2016-06-10 [2016-05-02]. (原始内容存档于2017-10-27). 
  16. ^ Statistical Release P0302: Mid-year population estimates, 2011 (PDF). Statistics South Africa: 3. 27 July 2011 [2011-08-01]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2018-05-03). 
  17. ^ The Indian Community in Myanmar. (原始内容存档于12 June 2010). 
  18. ^ Sri Lanka Census of Population and Housing, 2011 – Population by Ethnicity (PDF). Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka. 20 April 2012 [2020-08-03]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2018-12-25). 
  19. ^ Kuwait MP seeks five-year cap on expat workers' stay. Gulf News. 30 January 2014 [2020-08-03]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-25). 
  20. ^ Population of Qatar by nationality - 2017 report. [7 February 2017]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-22). 
  21. ^ Overseas born Aussies highest in over a century. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. [31 March 2016]. (原始内容存档于2018-10-01). 
  22. ^ Population in Brief 2015 (PDF). Singapore Government. September 2015 [14 February 2016]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于16 February 2016). 
  23. ^ Immigration from outside Europe almost doubled 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期9 December 2017.. Federal Institute for Population Research. Retrieved 1 March 2017
  24. ^ [1], [Stats NZ]. stats.govt.nz. [11 December 2017]. (原始内容存档于2017-07-28). 
  25. ^ Indian Community In Ireland. irelandindiacouncil.ie. Ireland India Council. (原始内容存档于20 January 2018). 
  26. ^ Stern, Robert W. Democracy and Dictatorship in South Asia: Dominant Classes and Political Outcomes in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Greenwood Publishing Group. 2001: 6. ISBN 9780275970413 (英语). 
  27. ^ Henry Newman. The Calcutta Review. University of Calcutta. 1921: 252 (英语). I have also found that Bombay is India, Satara is India, Bangalore is India, Madras is India, Delhi, Lahore, the Khyber, Lucknow, Calcutta, Cuttack, Shillong, etc., are all India.