无宗教

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無宗教是指那些人們沒有固定的宗教信仰,不屬於任何一個宗教組織,包括但不等於是無神論者,无宗教亦包含不可知論者或有神論者。

定義[编辑]

雖然被歸類成無宗教的人們不遵循一特定宗教,但這不表示他們就完全不相信超自然。他們可能是沒有特定宗教信仰或者不奉行宗教儀式的有神論者。特別是那些對宗教有負面評價,或者把宗教定義成「組織性的宗教」的人,他們可能有或可能沒有精神上的信仰,但會說他們自己是無宗教信仰,不參加及不屬於任何一个宗教组織。

有許多無宗教信仰者,仍然會儀式性地參加許多如嬰兒洗禮婚禮喪禮等宗教禮節與祭祀等宗教活動,例如欧洲基督教国家中的无宗教信仰者中不少仍是天主教会路德宗國教會、聖公宗國教會、東正教会成员,部分仍會在基督教主要節日如復活節聖誕節教堂參加崇拜日本的很多所謂神道教人士也無宗教信仰,但會按傳統到神社參拜;許多中國大陸香港臺灣等地的華人,心靈上並無宗教信仰,但因為尊重傳統,在不少重要節日和傳統節慶會到廟宇參拜,也會參加掃墓祭祖或者中元普渡等活動。

各國統計資料[编辑]

世界无宗教信仰人口比例, 数据来源Dentsu Institute (2006) and Zuckerman (2005)[1]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Based on the data of the Dentsu Communication Institute and the data of Zuckerman. Largest values taken.
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  3. ^ Population by religious belief and by municipality size groups (PDF). Czech Statistical Office. [23 April 2012]. 
  4. ^ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 4.31 4.32 4.33 Dentsu Communication Institute Inc., Research Centre for Japan (2006)(日文)
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  11. ^ Adherents.com. Adherents.com. [2011-02-04].  Some publications
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  13. ^ Adherents.com. Adherents.com. [2011-02-04].  Some publications
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  25. ^ "Pew Research Center", Accessed 23 March 2016.
  26. ^ The Latin American Socio-Religious Studies Program / Programa Latinoamericano de Estudios Sociorreligiosos (PROLADES) PROLADES Religion in America by country
  27. ^ Table Of Statistics On Religion In The Americas. Prolades.com. April 2001 [2011-02-04].  Gallup-Argentina survey
  28. ^ 2005 Nicaraguan Census (PDF). National Institute of Statistics and Census of Nicaragua (INEC). : 42–43 [2007-10-30]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2006-11-29) (西班牙语). 
  29. ^ Table Of Statistics On Religion In The Americas. Prolades.com. April 2001 [2011-02-04].  Gallup-Belize survey
  30. ^ 存档副本. [2005-06-09]. (原始内容存档于2005-04-11).  Güney Afrika 2001 census
  31. ^ International Religious Freedom Report for 2012. U.S. State Department. [2014-03-27]. 
  32. ^ International Religious Freedom Report 2008: Costa Rica. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (September 14, 2007). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  33. ^ Census 2010; Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática SIDRA. [2013-06-29]. 
  34. ^ (西班牙文) El 80% de los ecuatorianos afirma ser católico, según el INEC
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  37. ^ ประชากรจำแนกตามศาสนา หมวดอายุ เพศ และเขตการปกครอง. สำมะโนประชากรและเคหะ พ.ศ. 2543 (2000 census), National Statistical Office of Thailand. [2013-10-26] (泰语). 

參見[编辑]